Celiac.com 07/23/2008 - Folks who follow a gluten-free diet can take comfort that the Codex Alimantarius, the international body responsible for setting food safety standards, has moved a step closer to adopting the gluten-free standards they drafted in November 2007, and their new standards are, for the most part, in-line with the proposed FDA regulations. However, those hoping for speedy adoption of similar standards by the FDA will just have to wait until the FDA takes one last round of public comment and evaluates safety standards used in developing the standards. Certainly, anticipation has been running high, as several blogs and other
online sources have wrongly claimed that the new FDA standards will go into
effect in August 2008.
From June 30 to July 5, 2008, the Codex Alimentarius Commission
recently held their 31st session, where they accepted without change
the 2007 Draft Revised Codex Standard for Foods for Special Dietary Use
for Persons Intolerant to Gluten. According to the latest Codex
Alimentarius standard, any product labeled “gluten-free,” including
those made from de-glutened wheat starch will contain no more than 20
parts gluten per million. This last part is especially important, as
their earlier standards for the use of “gluten-free” on labels allowed
up to 200 parts gluten per million if the product contained ingredients that normally contained gluten. The 2007 standard still includes a special category for foods that are not naturally
gluten-free, but have been rendered gluten-free through processing, such as wheat starch that has had its gluten removed. This
category is called “foods specially processed to reduce gluten to a
level above 20 up to 100 milligrams per kilogram.” The Codex Alimentarius Committee has yet to post the new standard on the their website.
The adoption of a less than 20 ppm standard on foods labeled "gluten-free" by both the Codex Alimentarius and the FDA would mean that consumers across Europe and North America could count on a single, uniform standard for food that is labeled "gluten-free." This new standard has been driven primarily by the efforts of celiac disease support groups, people diagnosed with celiac disease, and gluten-free diet followers, whose influence also led to the creation and passage of the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act in 2004.
The FDA will not issue their final ruling until they make the draft available for public review and consider one more round of commentary, along with previous public comments, as well as publishing a notice on the safety assessment made in developing the final rule. The FDA will likely publish the notice on the safety assessment soon, but there is no indication as to just when they will issue the final rule.
A large part of the celiac community has been eagerly anticipating the announcement of the final rule. Until that great day, all of you gluten-free folks will just have to be content knowing that solid, reliable standards for the use of the term "gluten-free" on food labels are just around the corner.
The next session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission will be held from 29 June to 4 July 2009 in Rome.
Here are the new Codex Alimentarious Standards for Gluten-Free foods, which will appear on their Web site soon:
2.1.1 Gluten-free foods
Gluten-free foods are dietary foods
a) consisting of or made only from one or more ingredients which do not
contain wheat (i.e., all Triticum species, such as durum wheat, spelt, and
kamut), rye, barley, oats1 or their crossbred varieties, and the gluten level
does not exceed 20 mg/kg in total, based on the food as sold or distributed to
b) consisting of one or more ingredients from wheat (i.e., all Triticum
species, such as durum wheat, spelt, and kamut), rye, barley, oats1 or their
crossbred varieties, which have been specially processed to remove gluten, and
the gluten level does not exceed 20 mg/kg in total, based on the food as sold or
distributed to the consumer.
2.1.2 Foods specially processed to reduce gluten content to a level above
20 up to 100 mg/kg
These foods consist of one or more ingredients from wheat (i.e., all
Triticum species, such as durum wheat,spelt, and kamut), rye, barley, oats1 or
their crossbred varieties, which have been specially processed to reduce the
gluten content to a level above 20 up to 100 mg/kg in total, based on the food
as sold or distributed to the consumer.
Decisions on the marketing of products described in this section may be
determined at the national level.