Celiac.com 03/03/2010 - A team of researchers set out to assess long-term outcomes of thyroid function and autoimmunity in a large population of children with celiac disease.

The research team included Alessandra Cassio, MD, Giampaolo Ricci, MD, Federico Baronio, MD, Angela Miniaci, MD, Milva Bal, MD, Barbara Bigucci, MD, Veronica Conti, MD, and Alessandro Cicognani, MD.

To accomplish this, they conducted a longitudinal, retrospective study at the Pediatric Department, University of Bologna, Italy (duration of follow-up, 8.9 +- 4.0 years).

In all, the team examined one hundred thirty-five consecutive patients diagnosed between June 1990 and December 2004 and followed on a gluten-free diet.

To be included, researchers required study subjects to maintain good dietary compliance and duration of follow-up for at least 3 years. A total of 101 patients showed no positive antithyroid titers during the follow-up, while 86 remained euthyroid; 15 showed high thyroid-stimulating hormone values at diagnosis that normalized in 11 cases after 12 to 18 months of gluten withdrawal. A total of 31 patients showed persistently positive