Jefferson Adams is a freelance writer living in San Francisco. His poems, essays and photographs have appeared in Antioch Review, Blue Mesa Review, CALIBAN, Hayden's Ferry Review, Huffington Post, the Mississippi Review, and Slate among others.
He is a member of both the National Writers Union, the International Federation of Journalists, and covers San Francisco Health News for Examiner.com.
Currently, doctors must still use invasive techniques to distinguish between uncomplicated and complicated forms of celiac disease.
Celiac.com 01/04/2013 - Currently, doctors must still use invasive techniques to distinguish between uncomplicated and complicated forms of celiac disease.
In an effort to find a non-invasive approach to the issue, a research team recently set out to investigate the potential use of novel serum parameters, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-17, IL-22, sCD25, sCD27, granzyme-B, sMICA and sCTLA-4 in patients diagnosed with active CD, CD on a GFD, Refractory coeliac disease (RCD) type I and II, and enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL).
The research team included Greetje J. Tack, Roy L. van Wanrooij, B. Mary Von Blomberg, Hedayat Amini, Veerle M. Coupe, Petra Bonnet, Chris J. Mulder and Marco W. Schreurs.
Their investigation revealed elevated levels of the pro-inflammatory IL-8, IL-17 and sCD25 in both active celiac disease and in refractory celiac disease, types I and II.
They also found that RCDII patients displayed higher serum levels of soluble granzyme-B and IL-6 in comparison to active celiac disease patients. Furthermore, EATL patients showed higher levels of IL-6 as compared to all other groups. Otherwise, the team found no differences between RCDI and active CD or RCDII.
These novel serum parameters show distinct immunological differences in RCDII and EATL, compared with uncomplicated celiac disease and RCDI.