- Celiac Disease
This category contains a comprehensive overview that covers the symptoms of celiac disease, how it is diagnosed, and the best treatment of this digestive disorder that affects children and adults (including those who are overweight or normal weight).
For anyone with a family history of celiac disease or of disorders such as thyroid disease, anemia of unknown cause, type I diabetes or other immune disorders or Downs syndrome, doctors may suggest routine screening. Otherwise, patients are generally screened on a case by case basis according to individual symptoms.
This article appeared in the Winter 2007 edition of Celiac.coms Scott-Free Newsletter. Celiac.com
Gluten sensitivity is the process by which the immune system reacts to gluten contained in wheat, barley, rye, and oats. The reaction begins in the intestine because that is where the inciting antigen, gluten, is present (from food). When this immunologic reaction damages the finger-like surface projections, the villi, in the small intestine (a process called villous atrophy), it is called celiac disease (or sometimes celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy).
Foods derived from cereal grains (wheat, rye, barley, oats) are popular staples in our diet. In the past decade especially, a renewed enthusiasm for "whole grains", and increased dietary fiber, has lead to increased consumption of these cereals in relatively unrefined form, and often in combination, as with granola cereals, and whole wheat breads fortified with bran, coarse flours, and other additives.