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    • Frequently Asked Questions About Celiac Disease   09/30/2015

      This FAQ on celiac disease will guide you to all of the basic information you will need to know about the disease, its diagnosis, testing methods, a gluten-free diet, etc.   Subscribe to FREE email alerts What are the major symptoms of celiac disease? Celiac Disease Symptoms What testing is available for celiac disease? - list blood tests, endo with biopsy, genetic test and enterolab (not diagnostic) Celiac Disease Screening Interpretation of Celiac Disease Blood Test Results Can I be tested even though I am eating gluten free? How long must gluten be taken for the serological tests to be meaningful? The Gluten-Free Diet 101 - A Beginner's Guide to Going Gluten-Free Is celiac inherited? Should my children be tested? Ten Facts About Celiac Disease Genetic Testing Is there a link between celiac and other autoimmune diseases? Celiac Disease Research: Associated Diseases and Disorders Is there a list of gluten foods to avoid? Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients) Is there a list of gluten free foods? Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients) Gluten-Free Alcoholic Beverages Distilled Spirits (Grain Alcohols) and Vinegar: Are they Gluten-Free? Where does gluten hide? Additional Things to Beware of to Maintain a 100% Gluten-Free Diet Free recipes: Gluten-Free Recipes Where can I buy gluten-free stuff? Support this site by shopping at The Store. For Additional Information: Subscribe to: Journal of Gluten Sensitivity


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  1. Gut Check Belatedly, an Illness Of the Intestines Gets Notice in U.S. Long Well-Known in Europe, Celiac Disease May Affect Up to 3 Million Americans Mr. Martin's Misdiagnoses By DAVID P. HAMILTON Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL December 9, 2005; Page A1 Growing up in the Midwest during the Depression, John Dryden was a sickly child with constant gastrointestinal complaints. Over the years, doctors ascribed Mr. Dryden's problems to appendicitis, irritable-bowel syndrome, kidney stones and bone cancer. Mr. Dryden bore the discomfort into his mid-60s. Then his symptoms worsened, causing him to lose considerable weight amid recurrent fatigue. In 1998, the retired engineering designer visited the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. After an intestinal biopsy, a gastroenterologist named Joseph Murray identified Mr. Dryden's problem as a seemingly rare condition known as celiac disease. Dr. Murray's origins were fortuitous: He is from Ireland. Celiac disease, a condition in which so-called gluten proteins in grains such as wheat and barley trigger an immune-system attack on the small-intestine lining, has a long history in Europe. Doctors there are trained to look routinely for the condition. In the U.S., by contrast, doctors have long assumed the disease was a rare childhood disorder. Only in the past few years has it become evident that celiac disease may be more widespread. A report last year by experts convened by the National Institutes of Health declared that the disease affects 0.5% to 1% of the U.S. population, or roughly 1.5 million to 3 million Americans. They may have varied symptoms or none at all. The NIH estimate emerged after expatriate European and Australian researchers pushed to study the disease more aggressively in the U.S. The story of celiac disease shows how blind spots can develop in the U.S. medical system. In Europe, a self-reinforcing cycle got under way in which patient groups spurred government-funded research, and the research led to publicity, more diagnoses and more funding. In the U.S., that process worked in reverse, as the perceived rarity of the condition depressed interest among researchers. Lack of incentives also played a role. Treating celiac disease usually requires little more than a strict dietary regimen: Patients must avoid foods containing gluten, which rules out bread, pasta, beer and most packaged foods. As a result, it attracted little attention from drug companies. Academic researchers who saw few opportunities to develop new surgical or drug treatments for celiac disease preferred to study diseases for which innovative treatment options were needed. "Looking back historically, the really great things done in celiac disease were all European," says Cyrus Rubin, a retired professor at the University of Washington and a U.S. pioneer in celiac disease. "Why did it take so long for gastroenterologists to treat it here? Mainly, we didn't discover it first, so it couldn't be right." Celiac disease isn't the only medical condition to fall into an American blind spot. It took a decade or more for U.S. doctors to accept a 1982 Australian discovery that most stomach ulcers are caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. The discovery made it possible to replace expensive drug and surgical treatments with a cheap course of antibiotics. It won the Nobel Prize for two scientists this year. While celiac disease is rarely fatal, it can debilitate patients with diarrhea, fatigue, nausea and weight loss as their intestines lose the ability to absorb nutrients. Many specialists think untreated celiac disease -- even without obvious symptoms -- can also lead to osteoporosis, anemia, infertility and cancer. The condition is linked to other autoimmune disorders such as Type 1 diabetes. Much remains unknown about celiac disease. Diagnosis can be difficult, because the disease can produce a variety of gastrointestinal symptoms, seemingly unrelated complaints, or no symptoms at all. Blood tests for celiac-related antibodies have improved, but still produce both false positives and false negatives. An intestinal biopsy is generally required for a firm diagnosis, but even that test can confuse damage from other diseases with the symptoms of celiac disease. Many celiacs bounce from doctor to doctor for help with symptoms that stubbornly defy treatment. "I thought I had three weeks to live" at the time of diagnosis, says Mr. Dryden, now 74. After four weeks on the gluten-free diet, he says, "I felt like I was a young man again." Last year, he bought a houseboat and sailed 870 miles along rivers from Minneapolis to Kentucky. He still takes supplements for his bones, made brittle by years of celiac-related osteoporosis. A 2001 survey by Peter Green and colleagues at Columbia University found that U.S. celiacs experience symptoms for 11 years on average before diagnosis. Descriptions of an ailment resembling celiac disease date back to the ancient Romans. An English pediatrician formally described the condition in British children in 1888. An effective treatment emerged in 1950, when Willem Dicke, a Dutch doctoral student, noticed that celiac children had improved after World War II disrupted flour supplies. Dr. Dicke eventually fingered gluten, a generic term for certain proteins in wheat, rye and barley, as the culprit. During a brief flowering of U.S. celiac-disease research in the 1960s, scientists such as Dr. Rubin devised new ways of testing small-intestine-tissue samples. Under the microscope, such tissue could reveal the destruction of the tiny hair-like extrusions, or villi, that line the intestines and absorb nutrients from food digested in the stomach. Such biopsies rapidly became a standard part of celiac-disease diagnosis. Once the scientific puzzle of what was happening in the gut was solved, interest among U.S. researchers in celiac disease faded. Its seeming rarity made it an unpromising subject for ambitious scientists. Younger academics were drawn to poorly understood gastrointestinal disorders such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, where new findings might more readily translate into innovative treatments. Dr. Murray of the Mayo Clinic recalls that when he was a medical student in Galway, Ireland, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, diagnoses of celiac disease were so common they were "part of the medical wallpaper." After he moved to a job at the University of Iowa in 1988, Dr. Murray once diagnosed a celiac alongside a senior professor. "This will be the last such case you see, since we never see this in America," Dr. Murray remembers the professor saying. According to the Institute for Scientific Information, a unit of Thomson Corp. of Toronto, U.S. scientists contributed to only 10% of research papers on celiac disease published from 1985 to 1990. Scientists in the United Kingdom and Italy contributed to 38% of the papers. As U.S. celiac research dwindled, so did medical awareness. The assumption that celiac disease rarely occurred in the U.S. became a self-fulfilling prophecy, as fewer doctors considered it as an explanation for illnesses. Mike Martin and his wife, Debbie, in July 2004. Mike Martin, a Navy veteran in New Jersey, began to suffer in 1977 from stomach problems and diarrhea that forced him to quit his job as a delivery worker. He lost 40 pounds and began visiting doctors, who either found nothing wrong or ascribed his problems to irritable-bowel syndrome, a catch-all diagnosis for gastrointestinal distress. Even after Mr. Martin developed dermatitis herpetiformis, a rare skin condition linked to celiac disease, no doctor considered a celiac diagnosis until two years ago, when by chance he visited a gastrointestinal specialist trained in India. Mr. Martin, now 51, never returned to work and is supported by his wife, Debbie. He has regained some weight on a gluten-free diet but still can't properly digest many foods. Meanwhile, European researchers advanced celiac studies. Alessio Fasano, an Italian researcher formerly at the University of Naples, says celiac patients groups "helped create a political and health-care agenda" to promote research into the disease. He also says European countries that have national health-care systems pay more attention than the U.S. to preventing diseases through early diagnosis. In the 1970s and 1980s, new blood tests for celiac-related antibodies let researchers screen larger groups of schoolchildren and blood donors. Those tests showed that celiac disease was more common than thought in many European countries. By the 1990s, researchers concluded that celiac disease might affect as much as 1% of many countries' populations. European scientists, with help from a U.S. group, eventually pinpointed a genetic variant common to celiacs and began to unravel the biochemical events that lead the body to mobilize against gluten and attack intestinal tissue. Health authorities stepped up efforts to make family doctors aware of the condition. The new thinking made little headway in the U.S. at first. A 1994 Mayo Clinic study reinforced U.S. complacency by suggesting that celiac disease affected only one American in 5,000. However, the researchers hadn't done any blood testing. The figure reflected only cases in one Minnesota county diagnosed through classical gastrointestinal symptoms. A handful of foreign scientists who moved to the U.S. to take advantage of greater academic freedom and better career opportunities began to press their contention that celiac disease was more common in the U.S. Dr. Fasano, who moved to the University of Maryland in 1993, published a 1996 paper in a Norwegian journal titled, "Where Have All the American Celiacs Gone?" In the mid-to-late 1990s, the NIH awarded a few grants to study prevalence of the disease. Susan Goldstein, a 61-year-old graphic designer in White Plains, N.Y., was unexpectedly rejected as a blood donor in 1991 when tests showed her to be severely anemic. A visit to a Columbia University hematologist led her to Dr. Green, an Australian doctor who had schooled his fellow specialists to look for celiac disease. Ms. Goldstein turned out to be a celiac. So did two of her three adult children, neither of whom exhibited classical gastrointestinal symptoms. All three have been on gluten-free diets since. Ms. Goldstein helped found a local celiac-support group and raised funds for a celiac research center at Columbia, which Dr. Green now directs. In 2003, researchers led by Dr. Fasano reported that one American in 133 has celiac disease, after screening more than 13,000 people. The following year, the NIH held its "consensus conference" to lay out the state of the art in the disease and help settle controversy. It produced the estimate that as many as one in 100 Americans has the condition. Nonetheless, celiac disease remains today "kind of an orphan, even though it's a very common disease," says Charles Elson, a gastroenterologist at the University of Alabama in Birmingham who chaired the NIH conference. "There are no pharmaceutical or biotech companies pushing a product and calling on doctors." Write to David P. Hamilton at
  2. Hale And Hearty Soup

    Just wondering if any of you have eaten at Hale and Hearty Soups and know if they offer gluten-free soups?? thanks!!!!! Magdalena
  3. The Fatigue...!

    I totally understand your concerns about brain fog and fatigue. those were and still are my two MAJOR SYMPTOMS! Ive been gluten-free for about a year now and my symtoms have improved by 50-60%...I've asked EVERYONE about brain fog, and I get so many different responses. some say B-12, and others say i could have a hidden food allergy, it could be mycotoxins from candida yeast, etc etc. Basically, you have to figure out what your particular situation...SO MUCH EASIER SAID THAN DONE! I really feel your pain though..... Any more advice for Brain fog???
  4. So, my biopsy came back "negative". My symptoms have GREATLY improved since gluten-free, but still have brain fog! anyways, i really really really think i have celiac disease but ever since i decided to go gluten-free, everything is negative (which is a good thing!), but now no doctors believe me!!! argh.. is there any other test that can show celiac disease? Maybe the Gene test? Its so frustrating because im so glad my symptoms have decreased, but, will I ever be officially diagnosed??
  5. Could This Be Cd?

    Lush green, THe symptoms sound incredibly on point. I would go ahead and get some blood work done asap!
  6. Thanks to everyone for their replies. i really appreciate your input! This will be my first biopsy, and I am pretty nervous that it will be negative. June 2003: IgG (45) , everything else negative June 03-July 04: Wheat free July 04-August 04: Ate a lot of wheat because was travelling in S. America..developed skin blisters with puss.... Sept 04- now: Gluten free, sugar free, dairy free....feeling much better, but still have diarhhea on occasion and loose stools... May 05: Same blood work, but all came back negative! SO basically, I am doing a lot better for the most part. Except for the DEBILITATING brain fog, lack of sense of smell, low libido, lethargy and dehydration. If my lining is really healed, could there still be a possibility of malabsoption?? I am not even on a multi-vitamin...... I am doing the endoscopy regardless (its covered under my health insurance). And maybe they can find if there is any inflammation or anything?? Thanks again, Magdalena P.S. Do people do the "gluten challenge" for the sole purpose of being officially diagnosed?? because seriously, i just KNOW that i would feel awful if I started eating gluten again.......I dont know if i need a diagnosis if it means feeling TERRIBLe for 3 months...
  7. Hello everyone, so sorry to be beating a dead horse, but Ive looked on the threads and I still have some questions about endoscopy/biopsies. I have been gluten-free since June of 2004......I still experience diarrhea and constipation as well as the mental symptoms of celiac..I also have the infamous skin blisters that were once full of puss one year ago. The skin blisters have cleared up, and my bloodwork is currently negative. But with the diarhhea coupled with the fact that I had the celiac specific skin blisters (dermitits herpataformis), I REALLY still think I have celiac Diseas! What if the biopsy is negative?? Or what if they cant find anything?? Im so nervous to go back to the drawing board... or worse to have to start eating gluten again...... Anyways, any thoughts are apprecaited!! Magdalena
  8. Severe Mental Symptoms

    Thank you printmaker81! i hope yuo dont mind me emailing you personally... Thanks for the Vitamin B-12 advice..its comforting to hera that someone was able to find a solution to depression/apathy/fog from a nutritional supplement! How about loss of sense of taste and that a zinc deficiency? how is that related to celiac disease?? thanks again, Magdalena
  9. Grieving For Food

    Medaka, I totally understand your frustration on the gluten-free foods. Its a tough life style change to make. I don't know how everyone else on this forum feels, but I find that if I have to make something "gluten-free", then its probably not worth doing it. What I mean is that we are used to the tastes of pizza dough, cookies, and cakes made of flour. And while the gluten free versions are bearable, they just aren't the same! Its wierd because going gluten-free has just redefined my idea of what my favorite foods are. I have become a lot more vegetable/whole grain based, and to be honest, the change has been God sent. Sorry i know its not exactly what you want to ehar, but just keep in mind that this lifestlye change while challenging, will also be healthful! Always, MAgdalena
  10. Severe Mental Symptoms

    I WOULD order Reliv except that I am allergic to Soy and Yeast. Both of which are ingredients in it!!! I am going to look for something else though... I truly hope my apathy/depression/low sex drive is related to the malabsorption issues... because I just can't justify to myself going on an anti-depressant right now... sigh, who really knows though??? Thanks to everyone for the advice.
  11. Severe Mental Symptoms

    HI Eloisa, and thanks for your responses!! So, it seems like you are a BIG advocate of Reliv...i wish there was some sort of money back guarantee or somethin! But yeah, I suppose I will talk with my doctor's about the source of my depression, but ultimately, whatever triggered this has stayed with me, and I need to get out of it!!!!! in MY opinion, i truly believe my depression came on due to the physiological trauma of being Celiac... (bouts of diarhhea/stomach cramping/rashes, etc). But I know that I am havinga absorption issues because ive lost 25 lbs in 2 years (and I am only 5'5 and weigh 115....). I mean its a HEALHTY weight, i suppose, but i lost the weight too quickly... RIght, back to Reliv...It sure as heck can't hurt giving it a try. Where do you buy it? is it only on line?? thanks again, take care! MAGDALENA p.s. is there a way that health insurance can reimburse for these nutritional supplements? its all SO expensive....
  12. Severe Mental Symptoms

    Eloisa, i really appreciate you sending me that email! Thanks for all the advice. But I wonder, why wouldn't a good mulit-vitamin do the trick instead? you see, I am allergic to soy and yeast so the Reliv is a no go for me. But yeah, I really feel like my depression is like 95% related to my physiological depression. I know that the B-vitamins, zinc, magnesium, and like a BUNCH of other vits and minerals play a huge part. Other huge problems is that I am SO apathetic to things. I feel totally numb emotionally. Like nothing niether excites or bothers me. I feel sort of robotic at times....Anyone feel that?? And the sex drive is almost non existant. Sucks. My exercise routine is pretty vigorous. Anyone who's tried Bikram Yoga knows what i mean...its def cardiovascular in addition to being meditative, etc. 115 degree heat while trying to do crazy poses gets pretty intense! Right-back to the brain fog- IT IS SO DEBILITATING! And My main thing is that I dont want to start anti-depressants if its going to cover up a true PHYSIOLOGICAL need like nutritional deficiency, etc. Perhaps I need to find a very good gut has healed relatively well, so hopefully whatever vitamins I ingest will even be absorbed! And Oh, Eloisa, did your sex drive improve too? Please say yes. haha. Thanks again for all of your support guys, MAGDALENA
  13. Severe Mental Symptoms

    Eloisa, What are these Reliv shakes that you speak of??? Yes, tarnalberry, the advice about the depression is right on the money. I mean, the depression I am feeling right now is definitely pyschological AND phsiological. I've been to a couple of different therapists, but to be honest, Im not sure that is what the answer is. THey've recommended various anti-depressants. I've tried lexapro and some other one that didnt seem to help fact, it made me feel MORE zombie like. I hear Wellbutrin is good, but for some reason I am scared to feel better after taking an anti-depressant. Is that totally self-deusctructive or what???? I mean, its like I am scared to "give in" to the idea of solving my depression from the anti-depressant end.... BUt man, oh man, I would do anything to lift myself out of the brain fog/apathy/low sex drive (VERY low sex drive), and other symptoms of depression. What about nutritional supplements? Exercise is defintiely a good one....Im getting back on my yoga schedule.... I just wonder if there is another way (nutritional or otherwise) to relieve the depression before i take prescription drugs.....I've heard that an unhealthy gut depletes our B-complex count, which is wholly related to depression and mental clarity... What does everyone think?? My body and mind are depressed. I know if i fix one (either body or mental), the other will be uplifted as well. SO many questions! sorry! Im so confused!!!!!!!! Love Magdalena ps. Ive gotten my thyroid and glucose checked, and everything came out OK.
  14. Blood Panel

    Job well done Steve. You know your body better than anyone else. all the best in finding a concrete diagnosis. Magdalena
  15. Severe Mental Symptoms

    I really appreciate your prompt responses. Thank you to everyone. I do have really low blood sugar, but i eat a very balanced diet of mostly fresh veggies, plant based proteins, SOME animal proteins, and some complex carbs.... THe brain fog is really something I feel all day..but it is especially bad when my blood sugar drops. I doubt that I have gluten somehow stuck in my diet...mainly because I prepare all of my own foods-very simply and always fresh. I have not tested for Candida, but I do realize that the two (Candida and celiac disease) are really strongly linked. But even after 6 months on the Candida diet, the brain fog has not improved, even though other symptoms have (ie. no more yeast infections). I am not aneamic and I've been tested negative for any thryoid disfunction. sigh. I just want to feel "grounded" again. I should also mention that I have a really low sex drive, and am usually pretty apathetic to things. I know these are signs of depression, but could they be physiological as well? THanks again guys for welcoming me to this forum. always, MAGDALENA