Celiac.com 09/23/2015 - Wheat products are a key component of human diets worldwide. Despite the many beneficial aspects of consuming wheat products, it is also a trigger for several diseases such as celiac disease, wheat allergy, and non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS).
The research team included M El-Salhy, JG Hatlebakk, OH Gilja, and T. Hausken. They are variously affiliated with the Section for Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Stord Hospital, Stord, Norway, the Section for Neuroendocrine Gastroenterology, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway, the National Centre for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, Department of Medicine, and the National Centre for Ultrasound in Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
Celiac disease and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients have similar gastrointestinal symptoms, which can result in celiac disease patients being misdiagnosed as having IBS.
Therefore, celiac disease should be excluded in IBS patients. A considerable proportion of celiac disease patients suffer from IBS symptoms despite adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD).
The inflammation caused by gluten intake may not completely subside in some celiac disease patients.
It is not clear that gluten triggers symptoms in NCGS, but there is compelling evidence that carbohydrates in wheat such as fructans and galactans do.
Based on their results, the team feels that it is likely that NCGS patients are a group of self-diagnosed IBS patients who self-treat using a gluten-free diet.