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      Frequently Asked Questions About Celiac Disease   04/07/2018

      This Celiac.com FAQ on celiac disease will guide you to all of the basic information you will need to know about the disease, its diagnosis, testing methods, a gluten-free diet, etc.   Subscribe to Celiac.com's FREE weekly eNewsletter   What are the major symptoms of celiac disease? Celiac Disease Symptoms What testing is available for celiac disease?  Celiac Disease Screening Interpretation of Celiac Disease Blood Test Results Can I be tested even though I am eating gluten free? How long must gluten be taken for the serological tests to be meaningful? The Gluten-Free Diet 101 - A Beginner's Guide to Going Gluten-Free Is celiac inherited? Should my children be tested? Ten Facts About Celiac Disease Genetic Testing Is there a link between celiac and other autoimmune diseases? Celiac Disease Research: Associated Diseases and Disorders Is there a list of gluten foods to avoid? Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients) Is there a list of gluten free foods? Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients) Gluten-Free Alcoholic Beverages Distilled Spirits (Grain Alcohols) and Vinegar: Are they Gluten-Free? Where does gluten hide? Additional Things to Beware of to Maintain a 100% Gluten-Free Diet What if my doctor won't listen to me? An Open Letter to Skeptical Health Care Practitioners Gluten-Free recipes: Gluten-Free Recipes
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    CELIAC DISEASE AUTOIMMUNITY LINKED TO TIMING OF GLUTEN INTRODUCTION IN INFANTS


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    JAMA. 2005;293:2343-2351, 2410-2412

    Celiac.com 05/31/2005 – Researchers in the United States have found that introducing gluten too early or too late in an infants diet may play a key role in whether or not they eventually develop celiac disease autoimmunity. From 1994 to 2004 the researchers followed 1,560 high-risk children (those with either HLA-DR3 or DR4 alleles, or with a first-degree relative with type 1 diabetes) who were periodically screened for celiac disease autoimmunity. Positive results were defined by two positive tissue transglutaminase (tTG) blood serum tests, or one positive tTG and a positive small bowel biopsy. The researchers conducted a prospective observational study in which the parents of the children in the study responded to a questionnaire regarding the timing of gluten introduction into their childrens diets. To avoid a bias on the answers the researchers purposely did not include children who already had celiac disease. During the mean duration period of the study (4.8 years), 51 children developed celiac disease autoimmunity. Their findings indicate that children who were first introduced to gluten when they were less than 3 months of age had a five-fold increased risk of developing celiac disease autoimmunity when compared to children who were first introduced to gluten at 4-6 months old. Additionally, those who were first introduced at 7 months or older had a marginally increased risk of getting celiac disease autoimmunity when compared with the same group.

    Based on these findings the researchers recommend that parents should introduce cereals into their childrens diets at 4-6 months of age—even though this conflicts with recent recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics, who recommend breast-feeding only until 6 months of age. The researchers stress that much larger international prospective studies need be done in this area to answer the many questions that this study raises.


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    Jefferson Adams
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