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      Frequently Asked Questions About Celiac Disease   04/24/2018

      This Celiac.com FAQ on celiac disease will guide you to all of the basic information you will need to know about the disease, its diagnosis, testing methods, a gluten-free diet, etc.   Subscribe to Celiac.com's FREE weekly eNewsletter   What is Celiac Disease and the Gluten-Free Diet? What are the major symptoms of celiac disease? Celiac Disease Symptoms What testing is available for celiac disease?  Celiac Disease Screening Interpretation of Celiac Disease Blood Test Results Can I be tested even though I am eating gluten free? How long must gluten be taken for the serological tests to be meaningful? The Gluten-Free Diet 101 - A Beginner's Guide to Going Gluten-Free Is celiac inherited? Should my children be tested? Ten Facts About Celiac Disease Genetic Testing Is there a link between celiac and other autoimmune diseases? Celiac Disease Research: Associated Diseases and Disorders Is there a list of gluten foods to avoid? Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients) Is there a list of gluten free foods? Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients) Gluten-Free Alcoholic Beverages Distilled Spirits (Grain Alcohols) and Vinegar: Are they Gluten-Free? Where does gluten hide? Additional Things to Beware of to Maintain a 100% Gluten-Free Diet What if my doctor won't listen to me? An Open Letter to Skeptical Health Care Practitioners Gluten-Free recipes: Gluten-Free Recipes
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    SUPER SALISBURY STEAK (GLUTEN-FREE)


    Jefferson Adams

    Celiac.com 01/07/2014 - Anyone who ate aluminium-trayed tv dinners or school lunches in a certain era, likely knows, and possibly loves, Salisbury steak. Others may know its microwaveable descendants from the supermarket frozen aisle.


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    Either way, Salisbury steak is one of those foods that evokes strong memories, and this simple, easy-to-make recipe delivers a tasty, gluten-free version of that old favorite.

    Photo: CC--hexidecimalIngredients:

    • 1½ pounds ground beef
    • ½ cup crushed Rice Chex or gluten-free bread crumbs
    • 5 tablespoons gluten-free instant onion soup mix
    • 1 cup water
    • ¼ cup red wine
    • 1 egg
    • 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce
    • ½ teaspoon mustard powder
    • ¼ teaspoon salt
    • â…› teaspoon ground black pepper
    • 1 tablespoon potato flour
    • ¼ cup ketchup

    Directions:
    In a large bowl, mix together â…“ of the dry onion soup with ground beef, Rice Chex, egg, salt and black pepper.

    Shape into 6 oval patties. In a large skillet over medium-high heat, brown both sides of patties. Pour off excess fat.

    In a small bowl, blend water, potato flour and remaining dry soup until smooth. Mix in ketchup, red wine, Worcestershire sauce and mustard powder. Pour over meat in skillet.

    Cover, and cook, stirring occasionally, for about 20 minutes, until sauce reduces and thickens. If necessary thicken with more potato flour, or thin with water.

    Serve with rice or mashed potatoes and a side vegetable for a full helping of gluten-free comfort food.


    Image Caption: The finished Salisbury steak. Photo: CC--hexidecimal
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    Guest marcy

    Posted

    My family loved this, very good. I followed the recipe but made substitutes when I did not have the item. Instead of the dry mustard I used table mustard. I only had white wine so I used that instead of red. I used rice Chex for the bread crumbs. Excellent!

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    Guest Angela

    Posted

    Followed the written directions almost to the letter except I only had Progresso gluten free french onion soup in the can. I used about half of a cup with most of the onions and omitted the water and added half a packet of gluten free McCormic gravy to the meat mixture. Browned on both sides and removed steaks from the pan to rest. Turned the heat up and whisked up the rest of the soup and one cup of water and one and a half packets of the gravy to the pan and brought to a boil stirring until thick. Delish.

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    admin

    This recipe comes to us from Valerie Wells. My best chicken jambalaya, yet. Jambalaya making is an art. In the little town of Gonzales, Louisiana, "Jambalaya Capital of the World" where I grew up, the locals work all their lives to perfect their own jambalaya recipe(s). These recipes are closely guarded family secrets. Theres a cook-off every summer at the "Jambalaya Festival." The winner is crowned Jambalaya King or Queen for the year and is privileged to be the official jambalaya cook for all the towns official functions. Ive been working on my own recipe for about ... well never mind how long!
    I hope youll enjoy my latest version of chicken jambalaya. It will likely be my favorite for a while. I love it for its flavor and simplicity. The dark thigh meat browns nicely & enhances the flavor.
    The pros cook jamabalaya in a huge iron caldron over an open flame. I cook it on the stove top in a cast iron Dutch oven that holds about 5 quarts (Size 8). This recipe can be doubled in this size pot (My Dutch oven is NOT the camping kind with little legs.)
    Ingredients (Serves 4):
    1 tablespoon coconut oil
    4 boneless, skinless chicken thighs cut in 1 inch chunks (chicken breast meat is too dry)
    ½onion, chopped
    3 ribs celery, chopped
    2 cloves garlic, minced
    1 cup Asian type short grain brown rice (I use Tsuru Mai.)
    1 14.5 oz can diced tomatoes (I use S & W.)
    1 cup water
    ½ teaspoon salt
    Black pepper
    Directions:
    Preheat oven to 350 F. Heat the oil in heavy flame proof Dutch oven. Add chopped chicken & onions. Stir constantly over medium heat until onions are wilted. Stir in celery & garlic. Continue stirring & scraping bottom of pot until vegetables & chicken begin to brown. Stir in rice & stir a minute or two more so that some of the grains become opaque. Add remaining tomatoes & water, salt & pepper. Bring to boil & scrape bottom of pot once more. (The brown stuff stuck to the bottom of the pot is what gives the characteristic flavor to this jambalaya.) Cover tightly & bake in oven for 45 minutes. Allow to sit 10 to 15 minutes before serving.

    Jefferson Adams
    This is doubtless the best time of year to buy corned beef. In anticipation for Saint Patty’s festivities, it’s almost always on sale. Corned beef generally comes with a packet of cooking spices and while I’ve seen a lot of recipes omit them, a good supermarket will send you home with decent spices worth using. Give them a once-over to make sure they’re gluten-free. This version has an added kick from the beer, so definitely go gluten-free there.  However, whether you’re Irish or not, classic corned beef and cabbage simply tastes like home.
    Check Celiac.com's Gluten-free St. Patties checklist for gluten-free corned beef.
    Ingredients:
    1 4-5 pound corned beef, with spice mixture
    1 head cabbage, quartered
    6 red potatoes, quartered
    4 large carrots, peeled and chopped
    2 parsnips, peeled and chopped
    2 onions, peeled and roughly chopped
    1 bottle gluten-free beer
    ½ stick melted butter seasoned
    Salt and pepper to taste
    Directions:
    Place corned beef and spices in a large Dutch oven or pot with enough water to cover. Add beer and bring to a boil and then reduce heat to low. Let simmer for about 5 hours.
    After 4 hours, add potatoes, carrots, parsnips and onions. Let simmer for another 40 minutes. Add cabbage and cook for the remaining 20 minutes.
    Remove corned beef to a platter. Toss vegetables in melted butter and season with salt and pepper. Serve with vegetables piled around corned beef.


    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 01/14/2014 - Baked chicken offers an easy, healthy alternative to frying, and can produce delicious results.
    This version uses crushed Rice Chex cereal in place of bread crumbs, and adds olive oil and a variety of seasonings to deliver a memorable meal.
    Ingredients:
    4 skinless, boneless chicken breast halves
    2 tablespoons olive oil
    2 cloves garlic, minced
    ¾ cup crushed Rice Chex
    ¾ cup cup grated Parmesan cheese
    1 teaspoon dried basil leaves
    1 teaspoon dried thyme
    1 teaspoon dried oregano
    1 teaspoon salt
    ½ teaspoon garlic powder
    ½ teaspoon onion powder
    ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
    ¼ teaspoon paprika
    Directions:
    Heat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C).
    Lightly grease a 9x13 inch baking dish.
    In a bowl, blend the olive oil and garlic.
    In a separate bowl, mix the crushed Rice Chex, Parmesan cheese, basil, thyme, oregano, salt, pepper, paprika, garlic and onion powders.
    Dip each chicken breast in the oil and garlic until well-coated, then in the bread crumb Parmesan mixture. Coat chicken well.
    Place coated chicken in baking dish, and top with extra coating mix.
    Bake until chicken is no longer pink inside, and juices run clear, about 30 minutes.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 03/17/2015 - I can hardly count the number of times I've come across a recipe that calls for condensed cream of mushroom soup. The problem, or course, is that Campbell's, and many other brands contain wheat.
    Now, to be fair, there are a number of brands that make a gluten-free cream of mushroom soup.
    Still, if you want to make it from scratch, this recipe yields a rich, delicious soup that will go great in any recipe that calls for condensed canned mushroom soup.
    This recipe equals to one can condensed cream of mushroom soup.
    Ingredients:
    5 tablespoons butter 2 cups diced fresh mushrooms, about ½ pound ½ tsp. dried onion flakes 1 pinch celery seed 1 pinch garlic powder ½ cup evaporated milk ½ cup whole milk, plus ¼ cup for rice flour paste ½ teaspoon salt ¼ teaspoon pepper Directions:
    In heavy saucepan, add one tablespoon butter and mushrooms, and sauté until lightly browned.
    Remove from pan and reserve (mushrooms will now measure approx. 1 cup.
    Heat, in same saucepan, heat 4 tablespoons butter, ½ cup whole milk and ½ cup evaporated milk.
    Stir in dried onion flakes, celery seed, garlic powder, salt and pepper.
    In a separate bowl, make a smooth paste of 2½ tablespoons sweet rice flour, and ¼ cup whole milk.
    Add paste slowly to heating mixture. Stir constantly until thickened. Stir in reserved mushrooms and heat through. 
    Use in casserole recipes, or add 1 cup of whole milk to make soup.

  • Recent Articles

    Tammy Rhodes
    Celiac.com 04/24/2018 - Did you know in 2017 alone, the United States had OVER TENS OF THOUSANDS of people evacuate their homes due to natural disasters such as fires, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and tsunamis? Most evacuation sites are not equipped to feed your family the safe gluten free foods that are required to stay healthy.  Are you prepared in case of an emergency? Do you have your Gluten Free Emergency Food Bag ready to grab and go?  
    I have already lived through two natural disasters. Neither of which I ever want to experience again, but they taught me a very valuable lesson, which is why I created a Gluten Free Emergency Food Bag (see link below). Here’s my story. If you’ve ever lived in or visited the Los Angeles area, you’re probably familiar with the Santa Ana winds and how bitter sweet they are. Sweet for cleaning the air and leaving the skies a brilliant crystal blue, and bitter for the power outages and potential brush fires that might ensue.  It was one of those bitter nights where the Santa Ana winds were howling, and we had subsequently lost our power. We had to drive over an hour just to find a restaurant so we could eat dinner. I remember vividly seeing the glow of a brush fire on the upper hillside of the San Gabriel Mountains, a good distance from our neighborhood. I really didn’t think much of it, given that it seemed so far from where we lived, and I was hungry! After we ate, we headed back home to a very dark house and called it a night. 
    That’s where the story takes a dangerous turn….about 3:15am. I awoke to the TV blaring loudly, along with the lights shining brightly. Our power was back on! I proceeded to walk throughout the house turning everything off at exactly the same time our neighbor, who was told to evacuate our street, saw me through our window, assuming I knew that our hillside was ablaze with flames. Flames that were shooting 50 feet into the air. I went back to bed and fell fast asleep. The fire department was assured we had left because our house was dark and quiet again. Two hours had passed.  I suddenly awoke to screams coming from a family member yelling, “fire, fire, fire”! Flames were shooting straight up into the sky, just blocks from our house. We lived on a private drive with only one way in and one way out.  The entrance to our street was full of smoke and the fire fighters were doing their best to save our neighbors homes. We literally had enough time to grab our dogs, pile into the car, and speed to safety. As we were coming down our street, fire trucks passed us with sirens blaring, and I wondered if I would ever see my house and our possessions ever again. Where do we go? Who do we turn to? Are shelters a safe option? 
    When our daughter was almost three years old, we left the West Coast and relocated to Northern Illinois. A place where severe weather is a common occurrence. Since the age of two, I noticed that my daughter appeared gaunt, had an incredibly distended belly, along with gas, stomach pain, low weight, slow growth, unusual looking stool, and a dislike for pizza, hotdog buns, crackers, Toast, etc. The phone call from our doctor overwhelmed me.  She was diagnosed with Celiac Disease. I broke down into tears sobbing. What am I going to feed my child? Gluten is everywhere.
    After being scoped at Children's Hospital of Chicago, and my daughters Celiac Disease officially confirmed, I worried about her getting all the nutrients her under nourished body so desperately needed. I already knew she had a peanut allergy from blood tests, but just assumed she would be safe with other nuts. I was so horribly wrong. After feeding her a small bite of a pistachio, which she immediately spit out, nuts would become her enemy. Her anaphylactic reaction came within minutes of taking a bite of that pistachio. She was complaining of horrible stomach cramps when the vomiting set in. She then went limp and starting welting. We called 911.
    Now we never leave home without our Epipens and our gluten free food supplies. We analyze every food label. We are hyper vigilant about cross contamination. We are constantly looking for welts and praying for no stomach pain. We are always prepared and on guard. It's just what we do now. Anything to protect our child, our love...like so many other parents out there have to do every moment of ever day!  
    Then, my second brush with a natural disaster happened, without any notice, leaving us once again scrambling to find a safe place to shelter. It was a warm and muggy summer morning, and my husband was away on a business trip leaving my young daughter and me to enjoy our summer day. Our Severe Weather Alert Radio was going off, again, as I continued getting our daughter ready for gymnastics.  Having gotten used to the (what seemed to be daily) “Severe Thunderstorm warning,” I didn’t pay much attention to it. I continued downstairs with my daughter and our dog, when I caught a glimpse out the window of an incredibly black looking cloud. By the time I got downstairs, I saw the cover to our grill literally shoot straight up into the air. Because we didn’t have a fenced in yard, I quickly ran outside and chased the cover, when subsequently, I saw my neighbor’s lawn furniture blow pass me. I quickly realized I made a big mistake going outside. As I ran back inside, I heard debris hitting the front of our home.  Our dog was the first one to the basement door! As we sat huddled in the dark corner of our basement, I was once again thinking where are we going to go if our house is destroyed. I was not prepared, and I should have been. I should have learned my lesson the first time. Once the storm passed, we quickly realized we were without power and most of our trees were destroyed. We were lucky that our house had minimal damage, but that wasn’t true for most of the area surrounding us.  We were without power for five days. We lost most of our food - our gluten free food.
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    In 2017 alone, FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) had 137 natural disasters declared within the United States. According to FEMA, around 50% of the United States population isn’t prepared for a natural disaster. These disasters can happen anywhere, anytime and some without notice. It’s hard enough being a parent, let alone being a parent of a gluten free family member. Now, add a natural disaster on top of that. Are you prepared?
    You can find my Gluten Free Emergency Food Bags and other useful products at www.allergynavigator.com.  

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/23/2018 - A team of researchers recently set out to learn whether celiac disease patients commonly suffer cognitive impairment at the time they are diagnosed, and to compare their cognitive performance with non-celiac subjects with similar chronic symptoms and to a group of healthy control subjects.
    The research team included G Longarini, P Richly, MP Temprano, AF Costa, H Vázquez, ML Moreno, S Niveloni, P López, E Smecuol, R Mazure, A González, E Mauriño, and JC Bai. They are variously associated with the Small Bowel Section, Department of Medicine, Dr. C. Bonorino Udaondo Gastroenterology Hospital; Neurocience Cognitive and Traslational Institute (INECO), Favaloro Fundation, CONICET, Buenos Aires; the Brain Health Center (CESAL), Quilmes, Argentina; the Research Council, MSAL, CABA; and with the Research Institute, School of Medicine, Universidad del Salvador.
    The team enrolled fifty adults with symptoms and indications of celiac disease in a prospective cohort without regard to the final diagnosis.  At baseline, all individuals underwent cognitive functional and psychological evaluation. The team then compared celiac disease patients with subjects without celiac disease, and with healthy controls matched by sex, age, and education.
    Celiac disease patients had similar cognitive performance and anxiety, but no significant differences in depression scores compared with disease controls.
    A total of thirty-three subjects were diagnosed with celiac disease. Compared with the 26 healthy control subjects, the 17 celiac disease subjects, and the 17 disease control subjects, who mostly had irritable bowel syndrome, showed impaired cognitive performance (P=0.02 and P=0.04, respectively), functional impairment (P<0.01), and higher depression (P<0.01). 
    From their data, the team noted that any abnormal cognitive functions they saw in adults with newly diagnosed celiac disease did not seem not to be a result of the disease itself. 
    Their results indicate that cognitive dysfunction in celiac patients could be related to long-term symptoms from chronic disease, in general.
    Source:
    J Clin Gastroenterol. 2018 Mar 1. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000001018.

    Connie Sarros
    Celiac.com 04/21/2018 - Dear Friends and Readers,
    I have been writing articles for Scott Adams since the 2002 Summer Issue of the Scott-Free Press. The Scott-Free Press evolved into the Journal of Gluten Sensitivity. I felt honored when Scott asked me ten years ago to contribute to his quarterly journal and it's been a privilege to write articles for his publication ever since.
    Due to personal health reasons and restrictions, I find that I need to retire. My husband and I can no longer travel the country speaking at conferences and to support groups (which we dearly loved to do) nor can I commit to writing more books, articles, or menus. Consequently, I will no longer be contributing articles to the Journal of Gluten Sensitivity. 
    My following books will still be available at Amazon.com:
    Gluten-free Cooking for Dummies Student's Vegetarian Cookbook for Dummies Wheat-free Gluten-free Dessert Cookbook Wheat-free Gluten-free Reduced Calorie Cookbook Wheat-free Gluten-free Cookbook for Kids and Busy Adults (revised version) My first book was published in 1996. My journey since then has been incredible. I have met so many in the celiac community and I feel blessed to be able to call you friends. Many of you have told me that I helped to change your life – let me assure you that your kind words, your phone calls, your thoughtful notes, and your feedback throughout the years have had a vital impact on my life, too. Thank you for all of your support through these years.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/20/2018 - A digital media company and a label data company are teaming up to help major manufacturers target, reach and convert their desired shoppers based on dietary needs, such as gluten-free diet. The deal could bring synergy in emerging markets such as the gluten-free and allergen-free markets, which represent major growth sectors in the global food industry. 
    Under the deal, personalized digital media company Catalina will be joining forces with Label Insight. Catalina uses consumer purchases data to target shoppers on a personal base, while Label Insight works with major companies like Kellogg, Betty Crocker, and Pepsi to provide insight on food label data to government, retailers, manufacturers and app developers.
    "Brands with very specific product benefits, gluten-free for example, require precise targeting to efficiently reach and convert their desired shoppers,” says Todd Morris, President of Catalina's Go-to-Market organization, adding that “Catalina offers the only purchase-based targeting solution with this capability.” 
    Label Insight’s clients include food and beverage giants such as Unilever, Ben & Jerry's, Lipton and Hellman’s. Label Insight technology has helped the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) build the sector’s very first scientifically accurate database of food ingredients, health attributes and claims.
    Morris says the joint partnership will allow Catalina to “enhance our dataset and further increase our ability to target shoppers who are currently buying - or have shown intent to buy - in these emerging categories,” including gluten-free, allergen-free, and other free-from foods.
    The deal will likely make for easier, more precise targeting of goods to consumers, and thus provide benefits for manufacturers and retailers looking to better serve their retail food customers, especially in specialty areas like gluten-free and allergen-free foods.
    Source:
    fdfworld.com

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/19/2018 - Previous genome and linkage studies indicate the existence of a new disease triggering mechanism that involves amino acid metabolism and nutrient sensing signaling pathways. In an effort to determine if amino acids might play a role in the development of celiac disease, a team of researchers recently set out to investigate if plasma amino acid levels differed among children with celiac disease compared with a control group.
     
    The research team included Åsa Torinsson Naluai, Ladan Saadat Vafa, Audur H. Gudjonsdottir, Henrik Arnell, Lars Browaldh, and Daniel Agardh. They are variously affiliated with the Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Karolinska University Hospital and Division of Pediatrics, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; the Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institute, Sodersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; the Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Diabetes & Celiac Disease Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; and with the Nathan S Kline Institute in the U.S.A.
    First, the team used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS) to analyze amino acid levels in fasting plasma samples from 141 children with celiac disease and 129 non-celiac disease controls. They then crafted a general linear model using age and experimental effects as covariates to compare amino acid levels between children with celiac disease and non-celiac control subjects.
    Compared with the control group, seven out of twenty-three children with celiac disease showed elevated levels of the the following amino acids: tryptophan; taurine; glutamic acid; proline; ornithine; alanine; and methionine.
    The significance of the individual amino acids do not survive multiple correction, however, multivariate analyses of the amino acid profile showed significantly altered amino acid levels in children with celiac disease overall and after correction for age, sex and experimental effects.
    This study shows that amino acids can influence inflammation and may play a role in the development of celiac disease.
    Source:
    PLoS One. 2018; 13(3): e0193764. doi: & 10.1371/journal.pone.0193764