• Join our community!

    Do you have questions about celiac disease or the gluten-free diet?

  • Ads by Google:
     




    Get email alerts Subscribe to Celiac.com's FREE weekly eNewsletter

    Ads by Google:



       Get email alertsSubscribe to Celiac.com's FREE weekly eNewsletter

  • Member Statistics

    72,192
    Total Members
    3,093
    Most Online
    Sharon Routsis
    Newest Member
    Sharon Routsis
    Joined
  • Announcements

    • admin

      Frequently Asked Questions About Celiac Disease   04/24/2018

      This Celiac.com FAQ on celiac disease will guide you to all of the basic information you will need to know about the disease, its diagnosis, testing methods, a gluten-free diet, etc.   Subscribe to Celiac.com's FREE weekly eNewsletter   What is Celiac Disease and the Gluten-Free Diet? What are the major symptoms of celiac disease? Celiac Disease Symptoms What testing is available for celiac disease?  Celiac Disease Screening Interpretation of Celiac Disease Blood Test Results Can I be tested even though I am eating gluten free? How long must gluten be taken for the serological tests to be meaningful? The Gluten-Free Diet 101 - A Beginner's Guide to Going Gluten-Free Is celiac inherited? Should my children be tested? Ten Facts About Celiac Disease Genetic Testing Is there a link between celiac and other autoimmune diseases? Celiac Disease Research: Associated Diseases and Disorders Is there a list of gluten foods to avoid? Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients) Is there a list of gluten free foods? Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients) Gluten-Free Alcoholic Beverages Distilled Spirits (Grain Alcohols) and Vinegar: Are they Gluten-Free? Where does gluten hide? Additional Things to Beware of to Maintain a 100% Gluten-Free Diet What if my doctor won't listen to me? An Open Letter to Skeptical Health Care Practitioners Gluten-Free recipes: Gluten-Free Recipes
  • 0

    FOCACCIA BREAD WITH CARAMELIZED ONIONS (GLUTEN-FREE)


    admin

    Ingredients:
    2 ½ cups Michelles flour mix*** (see below)
    1 tablespoon xanthan gum
    1 teaspoon salt
    ¾ teaspoon pepper
    1 teaspoon crushed rosemary
    1 teaspoon oregano
    2 tablespoons sugar
    1 ½ cups warm water
    2 tablespoons yeast
    1 teaspoon sugar
    2 tablespoons olive oil
    2 eggs


    Ads by Google:




    ARTICLE CONTINUES BELOW ADS
    Ads by Google:



    Directions:
    Combine the first 7 dry ingredients in a bowl and set aside.

    In a mixing bowl combine half of the warm water (¾ cup), the yeast, and 1 teaspoon sugar. Allow the yeast to proof until foamy. Add the remaining ¾ cup water, olive oil, and eggs.

    Using the flat beater attachment, mix the yeast mixture on low and add the reserved flour mixture all at once. Mix on low speed until no lumps remain and the dough resembles a thick batter.

    Grease a 12-inch pizza pan and press the dough evenly to form a thick crust. Allow it to rise uncovered in a warm place, until doubled in bulk (You can warm your oven to 200F, turn it off, open the door for a minute, then put the Focaccia in).

    Remove the Focaccia from the oven. Preheat the oven 425F.

    Just before putting the Focaccia in the oven, top it with caramelized onion (see below**). Bake for 25-30 minutes until it is golden brown. Makes 8 servings.

     

    *** Michelles Flour Mix:
    5 lbs. white rice flour
    30 ounces potato starch (NOT the same as potato flour)


    **Easy Caramelized Onions
    ½ stick butter
    2 large sweet onions, sliced
    1 tablespoon brown sugar
    2 tablespoons balsamic vinegar
    Salt and pepper to taste.

    In a large, heavy-bottomed pan, melt the butter. Add the onions and sauté over medium heat until the onions begin to brown. Add the sugar and increase the heat until the onions begin to caramelize. Add the vinegar and cook for another 2 minutes. Add salt and pepper to taste.


    0


    User Feedback

    Recommended Comments

    There are no comments to display.



    Your content will need to be approved by a moderator

    Guest
    You are commenting as a guest. If you have an account, please sign in.
    Add a comment...

    ×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

      Only 75 emoticons maximum are allowed.

    ×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

    ×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

    ×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


  • Popular Contributors

  • Ads by Google:

  • Who's Online   0 Members, 0 Anonymous, 429 Guests (See full list)

    There are no registered users currently online

  • Related Articles

    admin

    This recipe comes to us from Paula Santos.
    1 kg (2 lb) cooked mashed potatoes
    1 cup white rice flour
    ¾ cup potato starch
    ¼ cup corn starch
    1 tablespoon margarine
    1 tablespoon grated parmesan (optional)
    2 eggs
    salt
    Mix all ingredients with hands. Knead lightly. Shape small portions of the dough into long snakes. On a floured surface, cut snakes into small pieces. Place a few gnocchi in salted boiling water. As the gnocchi rise to the top of the pot, remove them with a slotted spoon. Repeat until all are cooked. Cover with hot tomato sauce and serve. You can he re-heat them using a microwave oven.

    Jefferson Adams
    Cioppino is a classic seafood stew developed by Italian fishermen in San Francisco's North Beach area during the late 19th century. Cioppino is a variation on traditional fish soups and stews of southern Italy. It is commonly made from the catch of the day, which in San Francisco usually means a mix of Dungeness crab, clams, shrimp, scallops, squid, mussels and fish. Cooked in a broth of fresh tomatoes, garlic, and white wine, cioppino has become a famous San Francisco delicacy.
    Made famous at Fisherman's Wharf eateries like Scoma's, Alioto's and Grotto #9, cioppino is a dish that keeps people coming back. However, you don't have to make it all the way to San Francisco to enjoy this hearty, robust and memorable dish. Fall is a great time to make cioppino. Dungeness crab season is just around the corner, and the dish scales well to serve large numbers of guests.
    If you can get good quality fresh fish and seafood, then you can make cioppino, with or without the crab. I like to wait until crab season and go all the way! This recipe is makes enough to serve about 8 to 10 people.
    Ingredients:
    1/4 cup olive oil
    2 onions, chopped
    4 cloves garlic, minced
    ½ cup fresh Italian parsley, chopped
    2 teaspoons dried basil
    1 teaspoon dried oregano
    1 teaspoon dried thyme
    1 (28 ounce) can crushed tomatoes
    1 (8 ounce) can tomato sauce
    1 quart chicken broth (gluten-free)
    ½ cup water
    1 pinch paprika
    1 pinch cayenne pepper
    1 cup white wine
    25 Manilla clams, fresh, cleaned
    25 mussels, fresh, cleaned and de-bearded
    25 shrimp, fresh, cleaned and deveined
    18 scallops, fresh, rinsed
    1½ pounds cod, halibut, or other whitefish fillets, cubed
    2 whole Dungeness crabs, cleaned and cracked
    Or, if adding just meat, about 2 pounds of cooked Dungeness crabmeat
    salt and pepper to taste
    Directions:
    In a large pot over medium heat, heat the olive oil, and saute the onion, garlic until tender. Add parsley, and stir briefly until soft. Add salt and pepper, basil, oregano, thyme, tomatoes, tomato sauce, chicken broth, water, paprika, cayenne pepper.
    Stir well, lower heat, and simmer 30 to 45 minutes, adding wine a little at a time.
    About 15 minutes before serving, add crab. After 5 minutes, add clams, mussels, prawns, scallops, and fish.
    Increase heat a bit and stir gently. When the mussels open, the prawns and crab turn pink, and the cod is flaky, the seafood is done, and your cioppino is ready to serve.
    I like to serve it with fresh, gluten-free bread.


    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 01/10/2014 - Meatballs are another of those many culinary delights I kind of left behind upon going gluten-free, especially at restaurants. I have craved them from time to time ever since, but had yet to satisfy that craving until I came upon this recipe that uses Rice Chex in place of bread crumbs. 
    These simple, easy to make meatballs of beef, pork and other seasonings go a long way toward delivering that satisfaction. They can be made ahead of time, and even frozen. They go great with your favorite pasta and sauce.
    When I have these around at lunchtime, I like to slice them and put them onto toasted gluten-free bread and top them with sauce and Parmesan or Romano and mozzarella cheese and pop them under the broiler for a yummy meatball sandwich.
    Ingredients:
    ½ pound lean ground beef ½ pound ground pork 1 medium onion, minced 2 cloves garlic, minced ½ teaspoon sea salt ¼ teaspoon garlic powder ½ teaspoon onion powder 1 teaspoon dried basil leaves 1 teaspoon dried thyme ¾ teaspoon dried oregano ¾ teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes 1 dash red pepper sauce, as desired, to taste 1½ tablespoons Worcestershire sauce â…“ cup ricotta cheese ½ cup grated Romano cheese ½ cup seasoned finely crushed Rice Chex Directions:
    Heat oven to 400 degrees F (200 degrees C).
    In a mixing bowl, blend beef, salt, onion, garlic, garlic powder, onion powder, basil, thyme, oregano, red pepper flakes, hot pepper sauce, and Worcestershire sauce; mix well.
    Add the ricotta and Parmesan cheeses, and crushed Rice Chex. Mix until evenly blended, then form into 1½-inch meatballs, and place onto a baking sheet.
    The fast way is to bake them until no longer pink in the center, 20 to 25 minutes.
    Sometimes, though, I like to pop them into a crock pot with my favorite sauce, and slow cook them a few hours.
    Either way, serve with your favorite pasta and sauce, or as a sandwich, sliced on toasted gluten-free bread, with sauce and melted mozzarella.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 03/26/2015 - A good eggplant Parmesan is a delight to the eye, to the nose, and to the palate.  It is also powerful weapon in any dinner arsenal. This easy recipe delivers a tasty, delicious version that will replace pangs of hunger with smiles of joy.
    Ingredients: 
    8-10 slices of eggplant, about ½-inch thick ¾ cup of potato flour, rice flour, cornstarch, or general purpose gluten-free flour ¾ cup crushed Rice Chex or gluten-free breadcrumbs ½ cup grated Romano cheese 1 teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon black pepper ½ teaspoon cayenne pepper 1 teaspoon garlic powder 1 teaspoon onion powder 1 teaspoon paprika 1 teaspoon dried oregano 1 teaspoon dried thyme 1 large egg, lightly beaten 2 cups your favorite easy tomato sauce--canned. jarred, whatever might be in the freezer, etc. â…“ cup olive oil 4-6 ounces mozzarella cheese, preferably fresh, cut 8-10 1/4-inch-thick slices Salt and freshly ground pepper to taste Fresh basil leaves, for garnish  Directions:
    Combine breadcrumbs and grated Parmesan in a shallow bowl.
    Combine spices in a bowl and mix.
    Heat the broiler.
    On the stovetop, put the tomato sauce into a medium saucepan, and warm on a rear burner.
    On another burner, heat ½-inch of oil in large cast iron skillet over medium heat. Don't let oil get smoky. If oils smokes, pull it off the burner and let it cool until smoking stops.
    Season both sides of the cutlets with the spice mix of salt, pepper, garlic powder, onion powder, thyme, oregano, paprika, and cayenne.
    Dredge eggplant in gluten-free flour, then dip cutlets in the beaten egg, then dredge in breadcrumb and cheese mixture, turning to coat both sides. Place cutlets on a plate.
    Place cutlets in skillet a few at a time, and cook a two or three minutes on each side, until golden.
    Pull eggplant from skillet and drain briefly on a paper towel.
    Then use a spatula, transfer browned cutlets to a 10x15 inch baking pan.
    Top off oil in the skillet. Cook the remaining cutlets, drain and place in baking pan.
    Top each cutlet with a slice of mozzarella.
    Now, here's where I do things differently than most traditional preparation methods.
    Instead of lining the pan with the tomato sauce, I broil the eggplant alone--about 4 inches from heat source until cheese is melted and lightly browned in spots, 4 to 5 minutes.
    I serve them immediately with warm tomato sauce on the side, and top with grated parmesan or Romano, as desired. This delivers a crunchier eggplant cutlet, and allows guests to add sauce as desired. Garnish with basil leaves.
    You can also put the warm sauce on the plate and top with the broiled cutlas. Or you can do it the traditional way, by putting the sauce in the pan, then putting the cutlets and cheese in and broiling. 
    However you do it, I'm sure you'll make friend with this gluten-free version of eggplant Parmesan.
    For chicken or veal Parmesan, try this recipe.

  • Recent Articles

    Tammy Rhodes
    Celiac.com 04/24/2018 - Did you know in 2017 alone, the United States had OVER TENS OF THOUSANDS of people evacuate their homes due to natural disasters such as fires, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and tsunamis? Most evacuation sites are not equipped to feed your family the safe gluten free foods that are required to stay healthy.  Are you prepared in case of an emergency? Do you have your Gluten Free Emergency Food Bag ready to grab and go?  
    I have already lived through two natural disasters. Neither of which I ever want to experience again, but they taught me a very valuable lesson, which is why I created a Gluten Free Emergency Food Bag (see link below). Here’s my story. If you’ve ever lived in or visited the Los Angeles area, you’re probably familiar with the Santa Ana winds and how bitter sweet they are. Sweet for cleaning the air and leaving the skies a brilliant crystal blue, and bitter for the power outages and potential brush fires that might ensue.  It was one of those bitter nights where the Santa Ana winds were howling, and we had subsequently lost our power. We had to drive over an hour just to find a restaurant so we could eat dinner. I remember vividly seeing the glow of a brush fire on the upper hillside of the San Gabriel Mountains, a good distance from our neighborhood. I really didn’t think much of it, given that it seemed so far from where we lived, and I was hungry! After we ate, we headed back home to a very dark house and called it a night. 
    That’s where the story takes a dangerous turn….about 3:15am. I awoke to the TV blaring loudly, along with the lights shining brightly. Our power was back on! I proceeded to walk throughout the house turning everything off at exactly the same time our neighbor, who was told to evacuate our street, saw me through our window, assuming I knew that our hillside was ablaze with flames. Flames that were shooting 50 feet into the air. I went back to bed and fell fast asleep. The fire department was assured we had left because our house was dark and quiet again. Two hours had passed.  I suddenly awoke to screams coming from a family member yelling, “fire, fire, fire”! Flames were shooting straight up into the sky, just blocks from our house. We lived on a private drive with only one way in and one way out.  The entrance to our street was full of smoke and the fire fighters were doing their best to save our neighbors homes. We literally had enough time to grab our dogs, pile into the car, and speed to safety. As we were coming down our street, fire trucks passed us with sirens blaring, and I wondered if I would ever see my house and our possessions ever again. Where do we go? Who do we turn to? Are shelters a safe option? 
    When our daughter was almost three years old, we left the West Coast and relocated to Northern Illinois. A place where severe weather is a common occurrence. Since the age of two, I noticed that my daughter appeared gaunt, had an incredibly distended belly, along with gas, stomach pain, low weight, slow growth, unusual looking stool, and a dislike for pizza, hotdog buns, crackers, Toast, etc. The phone call from our doctor overwhelmed me.  She was diagnosed with Celiac Disease. I broke down into tears sobbing. What am I going to feed my child? Gluten is everywhere.
    After being scoped at Children's Hospital of Chicago, and my daughters Celiac Disease officially confirmed, I worried about her getting all the nutrients her under nourished body so desperately needed. I already knew she had a peanut allergy from blood tests, but just assumed she would be safe with other nuts. I was so horribly wrong. After feeding her a small bite of a pistachio, which she immediately spit out, nuts would become her enemy. Her anaphylactic reaction came within minutes of taking a bite of that pistachio. She was complaining of horrible stomach cramps when the vomiting set in. She then went limp and starting welting. We called 911.
    Now we never leave home without our Epipens and our gluten free food supplies. We analyze every food label. We are hyper vigilant about cross contamination. We are constantly looking for welts and praying for no stomach pain. We are always prepared and on guard. It's just what we do now. Anything to protect our child, our love...like so many other parents out there have to do every moment of ever day!  
    Then, my second brush with a natural disaster happened, without any notice, leaving us once again scrambling to find a safe place to shelter. It was a warm and muggy summer morning, and my husband was away on a business trip leaving my young daughter and me to enjoy our summer day. Our Severe Weather Alert Radio was going off, again, as I continued getting our daughter ready for gymnastics.  Having gotten used to the (what seemed to be daily) “Severe Thunderstorm warning,” I didn’t pay much attention to it. I continued downstairs with my daughter and our dog, when I caught a glimpse out the window of an incredibly black looking cloud. By the time I got downstairs, I saw the cover to our grill literally shoot straight up into the air. Because we didn’t have a fenced in yard, I quickly ran outside and chased the cover, when subsequently, I saw my neighbor’s lawn furniture blow pass me. I quickly realized I made a big mistake going outside. As I ran back inside, I heard debris hitting the front of our home.  Our dog was the first one to the basement door! As we sat huddled in the dark corner of our basement, I was once again thinking where are we going to go if our house is destroyed. I was not prepared, and I should have been. I should have learned my lesson the first time. Once the storm passed, we quickly realized we were without power and most of our trees were destroyed. We were lucky that our house had minimal damage, but that wasn’t true for most of the area surrounding us.  We were without power for five days. We lost most of our food - our gluten free food.
    That is when I knew we had to be prepared. No more winging it. We couldn’t take a chance like that ever again. We were “lucky” one too many times. We were very fortunate that we did not lose our home to the Los Angeles wildfire, and only had minimal damage from the severe storm which hit our home in Illinois.
      
    In 2017 alone, FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) had 137 natural disasters declared within the United States. According to FEMA, around 50% of the United States population isn’t prepared for a natural disaster. These disasters can happen anywhere, anytime and some without notice. It’s hard enough being a parent, let alone being a parent of a gluten free family member. Now, add a natural disaster on top of that. Are you prepared?
    You can find my Gluten Free Emergency Food Bags and other useful products at www.allergynavigator.com.  

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/23/2018 - A team of researchers recently set out to learn whether celiac disease patients commonly suffer cognitive impairment at the time they are diagnosed, and to compare their cognitive performance with non-celiac subjects with similar chronic symptoms and to a group of healthy control subjects.
    The research team included G Longarini, P Richly, MP Temprano, AF Costa, H Vázquez, ML Moreno, S Niveloni, P López, E Smecuol, R Mazure, A González, E Mauriño, and JC Bai. They are variously associated with the Small Bowel Section, Department of Medicine, Dr. C. Bonorino Udaondo Gastroenterology Hospital; Neurocience Cognitive and Traslational Institute (INECO), Favaloro Fundation, CONICET, Buenos Aires; the Brain Health Center (CESAL), Quilmes, Argentina; the Research Council, MSAL, CABA; and with the Research Institute, School of Medicine, Universidad del Salvador.
    The team enrolled fifty adults with symptoms and indications of celiac disease in a prospective cohort without regard to the final diagnosis.  At baseline, all individuals underwent cognitive functional and psychological evaluation. The team then compared celiac disease patients with subjects without celiac disease, and with healthy controls matched by sex, age, and education.
    Celiac disease patients had similar cognitive performance and anxiety, but no significant differences in depression scores compared with disease controls.
    A total of thirty-three subjects were diagnosed with celiac disease. Compared with the 26 healthy control subjects, the 17 celiac disease subjects, and the 17 disease control subjects, who mostly had irritable bowel syndrome, showed impaired cognitive performance (P=0.02 and P=0.04, respectively), functional impairment (P<0.01), and higher depression (P<0.01). 
    From their data, the team noted that any abnormal cognitive functions they saw in adults with newly diagnosed celiac disease did not seem not to be a result of the disease itself. 
    Their results indicate that cognitive dysfunction in celiac patients could be related to long-term symptoms from chronic disease, in general.
    Source:
    J Clin Gastroenterol. 2018 Mar 1. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000001018.

    Connie Sarros
    Celiac.com 04/21/2018 - Dear Friends and Readers,
    I have been writing articles for Scott Adams since the 2002 Summer Issue of the Scott-Free Press. The Scott-Free Press evolved into the Journal of Gluten Sensitivity. I felt honored when Scott asked me ten years ago to contribute to his quarterly journal and it's been a privilege to write articles for his publication ever since.
    Due to personal health reasons and restrictions, I find that I need to retire. My husband and I can no longer travel the country speaking at conferences and to support groups (which we dearly loved to do) nor can I commit to writing more books, articles, or menus. Consequently, I will no longer be contributing articles to the Journal of Gluten Sensitivity. 
    My following books will still be available at Amazon.com:
    Gluten-free Cooking for Dummies Student's Vegetarian Cookbook for Dummies Wheat-free Gluten-free Dessert Cookbook Wheat-free Gluten-free Reduced Calorie Cookbook Wheat-free Gluten-free Cookbook for Kids and Busy Adults (revised version) My first book was published in 1996. My journey since then has been incredible. I have met so many in the celiac community and I feel blessed to be able to call you friends. Many of you have told me that I helped to change your life – let me assure you that your kind words, your phone calls, your thoughtful notes, and your feedback throughout the years have had a vital impact on my life, too. Thank you for all of your support through these years.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/20/2018 - A digital media company and a label data company are teaming up to help major manufacturers target, reach and convert their desired shoppers based on dietary needs, such as gluten-free diet. The deal could bring synergy in emerging markets such as the gluten-free and allergen-free markets, which represent major growth sectors in the global food industry. 
    Under the deal, personalized digital media company Catalina will be joining forces with Label Insight. Catalina uses consumer purchases data to target shoppers on a personal base, while Label Insight works with major companies like Kellogg, Betty Crocker, and Pepsi to provide insight on food label data to government, retailers, manufacturers and app developers.
    "Brands with very specific product benefits, gluten-free for example, require precise targeting to efficiently reach and convert their desired shoppers,” says Todd Morris, President of Catalina's Go-to-Market organization, adding that “Catalina offers the only purchase-based targeting solution with this capability.” 
    Label Insight’s clients include food and beverage giants such as Unilever, Ben & Jerry's, Lipton and Hellman’s. Label Insight technology has helped the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) build the sector’s very first scientifically accurate database of food ingredients, health attributes and claims.
    Morris says the joint partnership will allow Catalina to “enhance our dataset and further increase our ability to target shoppers who are currently buying - or have shown intent to buy - in these emerging categories,” including gluten-free, allergen-free, and other free-from foods.
    The deal will likely make for easier, more precise targeting of goods to consumers, and thus provide benefits for manufacturers and retailers looking to better serve their retail food customers, especially in specialty areas like gluten-free and allergen-free foods.
    Source:
    fdfworld.com

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/19/2018 - Previous genome and linkage studies indicate the existence of a new disease triggering mechanism that involves amino acid metabolism and nutrient sensing signaling pathways. In an effort to determine if amino acids might play a role in the development of celiac disease, a team of researchers recently set out to investigate if plasma amino acid levels differed among children with celiac disease compared with a control group.
     
    The research team included Åsa Torinsson Naluai, Ladan Saadat Vafa, Audur H. Gudjonsdottir, Henrik Arnell, Lars Browaldh, and Daniel Agardh. They are variously affiliated with the Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Karolinska University Hospital and Division of Pediatrics, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; the Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institute, Sodersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; the Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Diabetes & Celiac Disease Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; and with the Nathan S Kline Institute in the U.S.A.
    First, the team used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS) to analyze amino acid levels in fasting plasma samples from 141 children with celiac disease and 129 non-celiac disease controls. They then crafted a general linear model using age and experimental effects as covariates to compare amino acid levels between children with celiac disease and non-celiac control subjects.
    Compared with the control group, seven out of twenty-three children with celiac disease showed elevated levels of the the following amino acids: tryptophan; taurine; glutamic acid; proline; ornithine; alanine; and methionine.
    The significance of the individual amino acids do not survive multiple correction, however, multivariate analyses of the amino acid profile showed significantly altered amino acid levels in children with celiac disease overall and after correction for age, sex and experimental effects.
    This study shows that amino acids can influence inflammation and may play a role in the development of celiac disease.
    Source:
    PLoS One. 2018; 13(3): e0193764. doi: & 10.1371/journal.pone.0193764