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  • About Me

    Jefferson Adams is a freelance writer living in San Francisco. He has covered Health News for Examiner.com, and provided health and medical content for Sharecare.com. His work has appeared in Antioch Review, Blue Mesa Review, CALIBAN, Hayden's Ferry Review, Huffington Post, the Mississippi Review, and Slate, among others.

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    Jefferson Adams
    Before outdoor grilling becomes a casualty of summer's end, I thought I'd offer up one more great gluten-free grilling recipe, with two delicious sauces.
    Grilled fish is one of my favorite treats. I like to make it in the summer, as it's easy to prepare. For this recipe, I prefer swordfish, although halibut, cod, sea bass, trout,
    Mahi-mahi, red snapper, or any other favorite will do. Basically, this recipe will work with any white fish that will hold up to grilling.
    To make this recipe, first prepare the avocado salsa verde. Next, prepare the beurre blanc. Lastly, grill your favorite white fish. When fish is done, top sauce or salsa of choice, and serve with rice and your favorite steamed vegetables.
    Note: You may also pan fry, or even bake the fish as you like. Just make the beurre blanc sauce is warm.

    Beurre Blanc Sauce
    Ingredients:
    1 to 2 shallots, chopped fine
    1 cup white wine
    2 ounces lemon juice
    1 tablespoon heavy cream
    12 tablespoons (6 ounces) cold unsalted butter, cubed
    Salt and white pepper, to taste
    Directions
    Combine the shallots, white wine, and lemon juice in a non-reactive saucepan over high heat and reduce to 2 tablespoons.
    Add the cream to the reduction. Once the liquid begins to bubble, reduce the heat to low.
    Add the butter, one cube at a time, whisking first on the heat and then off the heat.
    Keep whisking butter into the mixture until it becomes rich and creamy sauce. Add  salt and white pepper to taste. Serve beurre blanc right away, or keep in a thermos and serve later.
    A slightly healthier, though equally delicious option for fish is Avocado salsa verde. I've even been so bold as to make them both and let the quests work it out.
    Salsa Verde
    Ingredients:
    3-4 ripe avocados
    Juice of 1/2 lemon or 1 lime
    ¼ cup cilantro, chopped
    2 cans Herdez salsa verde (7 ounces)
    Salsa Directions:
    Slice avocados into a large bowl.
    Add juice 1 lemon or 2 lime.
    Lightly mash and fold avocados
    Add Herdez salsa verde.
    Fold in cilantro.
    Mix with a fork.


    Jefferson Adams
    These tacos come together so wonderfully in part because of the vibrant, contrasting colors of the salsa and shrimp. The jalapeños and chili powder transform otherwise simple shrimp tacos.
    You can easily control the heat by removing the seeds from the peppers or omitting a pepper, and reducing the amount of chili powder. I tend towards the spicier side, but the shrimp is equally intriguing with a sweet peppadew salsa.
    Ingredients:
    For Salsa:
    1 avocado, cut into chunks
    4 tomatillos, husked and roughly chopped
    1 small red onion, roughly chopped
    2 small jalapeños, chopped
    1 clove garlic, crushed
    1 teaspoon salt
    ⅓ cup cilantro leaves
    For Tacos:
    1 pound medium shrimp
    1 tablespoon chili powder
    1 teaspoons salt
    1 teaspoon pepper
    2 tablespoons olive oil
    8 corn tortillas
    Cilantro and limes for garnish
    Directions:
    Combine the onion, jalapeño, and garlic in a food processor or blender until finely chopped. Add tomatillos, avocado, cilantro, and salt and pulse 4-5 times. Transfer to a bowl and set aside.
    Mix olive oil, chili powder, salt and pepper in a large bowl. Add shrimp and toss until evenly coated. Add half shrimp to a large, heated pan. Cook about 2 minutes per side. Repeat with the remaining shrimp.
    For crispier tortillas, grill directly over stovetop until lightly charred or wrap in a damp towel and microwave for about 30 seconds. Keep tortillas covered until ready to serve.
    Spoon salsa onto each tortilla and top with 3-4 shrimp and cilantro. Serve 1 lime wedge for each two tacos.


    Jefferson Adams
    Good fish tacos almost always deliver happiness at the table. These fish tacos are easy to make and sure to please. The recipe is versatile, so scale and/or improvise as desired.
    Ingredients:
    1½ pounds skinless tilapia, or other whitefish fillets 2 large avocados, (one will be served as garnish) Juice from 4 fresh limes (about 8 ounces) 2 tablespoons olive oil 1 tablespoon mayonnaise 1 small bunch radishes, thinly sliced 3 scallions, thinly sliced 1 bunch fresh cilantro leaves, finely chopped ½ jalapeño chile (ribs and seeds removed, for less heat), minced ¼ teaspoon ground coriander ½ teaspoon ground cumin 10 corn tortillas (6-inch) 2 ounces Cotija cheese, crumbled ½ medium red onion, quartered and sliced thin 2 cups of green or red cabbage, cored and thinly sliced Coarse salt and ground pepper Directions:
    In a blender, combine avocado, one-third of the cilantro, 2 tablespoons lime juice, 2 tablespoons mayonnaise, and 2 tablespoons water; season with salt and pepper. Blend until smooth. Transfer into a small bowl, and set aside. Add more lime juice and/or water as needed.
    Combine the cabbage, onion, and one-third of the cilantro in a large bowl and squeeze a lime half over it. Drizzle with 1 tablespoon olive oil, season with salt and pepper, and toss to combine. Add salt and pepper to taste; set aside.
    Heat tortillas individually in a pan over medium heat. Heat each tortilla until soft and transfer onto aluminum foil. Wrap until serving time.
    In a large nonstick skillet, heat 1 tablespoon oil and two jalapeño halves over medium-high heat; swirl to coat bottom of pan.
    Season fish on both sides with ground cumin and coriander, salt and pepper.
    Cook fish in two batches (starting with larger pieces) until golden brown on all sides, 5 to 6 minutes. Discard jalapeño. Add a splash of additional oil as needed.
    When fish is done, place into warm tortillas, top with salsa verde and serve with cabbage, onion mix and garnish of lime, green onion, radish, cilantro, avocado, crumbled cotija cheese, and additional salsa as desired.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 06/10/2015 - These grilled shrimp tacos are just the thing for the grill. They are sure to be a big hit at your next barbecue or party. They go great with your favorite rice and beans.
    For the Salsa:
    2 shallots 1 jalapeño pepper, quartered and seeded 2 garlic cloves, peeled 1 large tomato, chopped 2 avocados, peeled, seeded and cut into chunks 1 teaspoon salt 1 tablespoon fresh lime juice ¼ cup loosely packed fresh cilantro leaves, coarsely chopped For the Shrimp:
    1½ pounds large or extra large shrimp, peeled and de-veined 1½ tablespoons olive oil 1 teaspoon chili powder 1 teaspoon sal y limon dash cayenne pepper For Serving:
    8 - 10 six-inch corn tortillas About 2 cups finely chopped cabbage 1 cup cilantro, chopped Lime wedges 1 cup yogurt 1 tablespoon mayonaisse Red pepper hot sauce, to taste Instructions:
    For the Salsa:
    Finely chop shallot, jalapeño and garlic. Transfer mixture to medium bowl. Add chopped tomatoes, avocado, salt, lime juice and cilantro and stir to mix well.
    For Zesty Yogurt Sauce:
    In a small bowl, combine yogurt, mayonnaise, red pepper sauce to taste with a dash of lime.
    For the Shrimp:
    Heat grill to medium.
    In a large bowl, mix the olive oil, chili powder, salt, cayenne pepper and shrimp. Stir until shrimp are well-coated.
    Coat the grill with vegetable oil or non-flammable cooking spray.
    Place shrimp on grill and cook until just white and orange, about 1½ to 2 minutes each side. Cover to keep shrimp warm.
    Grill the tortillas until warm and slightly charred, about 20 seconds per side.
    Spoon avocado salsa generously over warm tortillas, then top with 3 shrimp, cabbage and drizzle with zesty yogurt sauce. Serve lime wedges on the side.

  • Recent Articles

    Christina Kantzavelos
    Celiac.com 07/20/2018 - During my Vipassana retreat, I wasn’t left with much to eat during breakfast, at least in terms of gluten free options. Even with gluten free bread, the toasters weren’t separated to prevent cross contamination. All of my other options were full of sugar (cereals, fruits), which I try to avoid, especially for breakfast. I had to come up with something that did not have sugar, was tasty, salty, and gave me some form of protein. After about four days of mixing and matching, I was finally able to come up with the strangest concoction, that may not look the prettiest, but sure tastes delicious. Actually, if you squint your eyes just enough, it tastes like buttery popcorn. I now can’t stop eating it as a snack at home, and would like to share it with others who are looking for a yummy nutritious snack. 
    Ingredients:
    4 Rice cakes ⅓ cup of Olive oil  Mineral salt ½ cup Nutritional Yeast ⅓ cup of Sunflower Seeds  Intriguing list, right?...
    Directions (1.5 Servings):
    Crunch up the rice into small bite size pieces.  Throw a liberal amount of nutritional yeast onto the pieces, until you see more yellow than white.  Add salt to taste. For my POTS brothers and sisters, throw it on (we need an excess amount of salt to maintain a healthy BP).  Add olive oil  Liberally sprinkle sunflower seeds. This is what adds the protein and crunch, so the more, the tastier.  Buen Provecho, y Buen Camino! 

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 07/19/2018 - Maintaining a gluten-free diet can be an on-going challenge, especially when you factor in all the hidden or obscure gluten that can trip you up. In many cases, foods that are naturally gluten-free end up contain added gluten. Sometimes this can slip by us, and that when the suffering begins. To avoid suffering needlessly, be sure to keep a sharp eye on labels, and beware of added or hidden gluten, even in food labeled gluten-free.  Use Celiac.com's SAFE Gluten-Free Food List and UNSAFE Gluten-free Food List as a guide.
    Also, beware of these common mistakes that can ruin your gluten-free diet. Watch out for:
    Watch out for naturally gluten-free foods like rice and soy, that use gluten-based ingredients in processing. For example, many rice and soy beverages are made using barley enzymes, which can cause immune reactions in people with celiac disease. Be careful of bad advice from food store employees, who may be misinformed themselves. For example, many folks mistakenly believe that wheat-based grains like spelt or kamut are safe for celiacs. Be careful when taking advice. Beware of cross-contamination between food store bins selling raw flours and grains, often via the food scoops. Be careful to avoid wheat-bread crumbs in butter, jams, toaster, counter surface, etc. Watch out for hidden gluten in prescription drugs. Ask your pharmacist for help about anything you’re not sure about, or suspect might contain unwanted gluten. Watch out for hidden gluten in lotions, conditioners, shampoos, deodorants, creams and cosmetics, (primarily for those with dermatitis herpetaformis). Be mindful of stamps, envelopes or other gummed labels, as these can often contain wheat paste. Use a sponge to moisten such surfaces. Be careful about hidden gluten in toothpaste and mouthwash. Be careful about common cereal ingredients, such as malt flavoring, or other non-gluten-free ingredient. Be extra careful when considering packaged mixes and sauces, including soy sauce, fish sauce, catsup, mustard, mayonnaise, etc., as many of these can contain wheat or wheat by-product in their manufacture. Be especially careful about gravy mixes, packets & canned soups. Even some brands of rice paper can contain gluten, so be careful. Lastly, watch out for foods like ice cream and yogurt, which are often gluten-free, but can also often contain added ingredients that can make them unsuitable for anyone on a gluten-free diet. Eating Out? If you eat out, consider that many restaurants use a shared grill or shared cooking oil for regular and gluten-free foods, so be careful. Also, watch for flour in otherwise gluten-free spices, as per above. Ask questions, and stay vigilant.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 07/18/2018 - Despite many studies on immune development in children, there still isn’t much good data on how a mother’s diet during pregnancy and infancy influences a child’s immune development.  A team of researchers recently set out to assess whether changes in maternal or infant diet might influence the risk of allergies or autoimmune disease.
    The team included Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, Despo Ierodiakonou, Katharine Jarrold, Sergio Cunha,  Jennifer Chivinge, Zoe Robinson, Natalie Geoghegan, Alisha Ruparelia, Pooja Devani, Marialena Trivella, Jo Leonardi-Bee, and Robert J. Boyle.
    They are variously associated with the Department of Undiagnosed Celiac Disease More Common in Women and Girls International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America; the Respiratory Epidemiology, Occupational Medicine and Public Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; the Section of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; the Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; the Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom; the Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom; and Stanford University in the USA.
    Team members searched MEDLINE, Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Web of Science, Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Literatura Latino Americana em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) for observational studies conducted between January 1946 and July 2013, and interventional studies conducted through December 2017, that evaluated the relationship between diet during pregnancy, lactation, or the first year of life, and future risk of allergic or autoimmune disease. 
    They then selected studies, extracted data, and assessed bias risk. They evaluated data using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE). They found 260 original studies, covering 964,143 participants, of milk feeding, including 1 intervention trial of breastfeeding promotion, and 173 original studies, covering 542,672 participants, of other maternal or infant dietary exposures, including 80 trials of 26 maternal, 32 infant, or 22 combined interventions. 
    They found a high bias risk in nearly half of the more than 250 milk feeding studies and in about one-quarter of studies of other dietary exposures. Evidence from 19 intervention trials suggests that oral supplementation with probiotics during late pregnancy and lactation may reduce risk of eczema. 44 cases per 1,000; 95% CI 20–64), and 6 trials, suggest that fish oil supplementation during pregnancy and lactation may reduce risk of allergic sensitization to egg. GRADE certainty of these findings was moderate. 
    The team found less evidence, and low GRADE certainty, for claims that breastfeeding reduces eczema risk during infancy, that longer exclusive breastfeeding is associated with reduced type 1 diabetes mellitus, and that probiotics reduce risk of infants developing allergies to cow’s milk. 
    They found no evidence that dietary exposure to other factors, including prebiotic supplements, maternal allergenic food avoidance, and vitamin, mineral, fruit, and vegetable intake, influence risk of allergic or autoimmune disease. 
    Overall, the team’s findings support a connection between the mother’s diet and risk of immune-mediated diseases in the child. Maternal probiotic and fish oil supplementation may reduce risk of eczema and allergic sensitization to food, respectively.
    Stay tuned for more on diet during pregnancy and its role in celiac disease.
    Source:
    PLoS Med. 2018 Feb; 15(2): e1002507. doi:  10.1371/journal.pmed.1002507

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 07/17/2018 - What can fat soluble vitamin levels in newly diagnosed children tell us about celiac disease? A team of researchers recently assessed fat soluble vitamin levels in children diagnosed with newly celiac disease to determine whether vitamin levels needed to be assessed routinely in these patients during diagnosis.
    The researchers evaluated the symptoms of celiac patients in a newly diagnosed pediatric group and evaluated their fat soluble vitamin levels and intestinal biopsies, and then compared their vitamin levels with those of a healthy control group.
    The research team included Yavuz Tokgöz, Semiha Terlemez and Aslıhan Karul. They are variously affiliated with the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the Department of Pediatrics, and the Department of Biochemistry at Adnan Menderes University Medical Faculty in Aydın, Turkey.
    The team evaluated 27 female, 25 male celiac patients, and an evenly divided group of 50 healthy control subjects. Patients averaged 9 years, and weighed 16.2 kg. The most common symptom in celiac patients was growth retardation, which was seen in 61.5%, with  abdominal pain next at 51.9%, and diarrhea, seen in 11.5%. Histological examination showed nearly half of the patients at grade Marsh 3B. 
    Vitamin A and vitamin D levels for celiac patients were significantly lower than the control group. Vitamin A and vitamin D deficiencies were significantly more common compared to healthy subjects. Nearly all of the celiac patients showed vitamin D insufficiency, while nearly 62% showed vitamin D deficiency. Nearly 33% of celiac patients showed vitamin A deficiency. 
    The team saw no deficiencies in vitamin E or vitamin K1 among celiac patients. In the healthy control group, vitamin D deficiency was seen in 2 (4%) patients, vitamin D insufficiency was determined in 9 (18%) patients. The team found normal levels of all other vitamins in the healthy group.
    Children with newly diagnosed celiac disease showed significantly reduced levels of vitamin D and A. The team recommends screening of vitamin A and D levels during diagnosis of these patients.
    Source:
    BMC Pediatrics

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 07/16/2018 - Did weak public oversight leave Arizonans ripe for Theranos’ faulty blood tests scam? Scandal-plagued blood-testing company Theranos deceived Arizona officials and patients by selling unproven, unreliable products that produced faulty medical results, according to a new book by Wall Street Journal reporter, whose in-depth, comprehensive investigation of the company uncovered deceit, abuse, and potential fraud.
    Moreover, Arizona government officials facilitated the deception by providing weak regulatory oversight that essentially left patients as guinea pigs, said the book’s author, investigative reporter John Carreyrou. 
    In the newly released "Bad Blood: Secrets and Lies in a Silicon Valley Startup," Carreyrou documents how Theranos and its upstart founder, Elizabeth Holmes, used overblown marketing claims and questionable sales tactics to push faulty products that resulted in consistently faulty blood tests results. Flawed results included tests for celiac disease and numerous other serious, and potentially life-threatening, conditions.
    According to Carreyrou, Theranos’ lies and deceit made Arizonans into guinea pigs in what amounted to a "big, unauthorized medical experiment.” Even though founder Elizabeth Holmes and Theranos duped numerous people, including seemingly savvy investors, Carreyrou points out that there were public facts available to elected officials back then, like a complete lack of clinical data on the company's testing and no approvals from the Food and Drug Administration for any of its tests.
    SEC recently charged the now disgraced Holmes with what it called a 'years-long fraud.’ The company’s value has plummeted, and it is now nearly worthless, and facing dozens, and possibly hundreds of lawsuits from angry investors. Meantime, Theranos will pay Arizona consumers $4.65 million under a consumer-fraud settlement Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich negotiated with the embattled blood-testing company.
    Both investors and Arizona officials, “could have picked up on those things or asked more questions or kicked the tires more," Carreyrou said. Unlike other states, such as New York, Arizona lacks robust laboratory oversight that would likely have prevented Theranos from operating in those places, he added.
    Stay tuned for more new on how the Theranos fraud story plays out.
    Read more at azcentral.com.