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      Frequently Asked Questions About Celiac Disease   04/07/2018

      This Celiac.com FAQ on celiac disease will guide you to all of the basic information you will need to know about the disease, its diagnosis, testing methods, a gluten-free diet, etc.   Subscribe to Celiac.com's FREE weekly eNewsletter   What are the major symptoms of celiac disease? Celiac Disease Symptoms What testing is available for celiac disease?  Celiac Disease Screening Interpretation of Celiac Disease Blood Test Results Can I be tested even though I am eating gluten free? How long must gluten be taken for the serological tests to be meaningful? The Gluten-Free Diet 101 - A Beginner's Guide to Going Gluten-Free Is celiac inherited? Should my children be tested? Ten Facts About Celiac Disease Genetic Testing Is there a link between celiac and other autoimmune diseases? Celiac Disease Research: Associated Diseases and Disorders Is there a list of gluten foods to avoid? Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients) Is there a list of gluten free foods? Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients) Gluten-Free Alcoholic Beverages Distilled Spirits (Grain Alcohols) and Vinegar: Are they Gluten-Free? Where does gluten hide? Additional Things to Beware of to Maintain a 100% Gluten-Free Diet What if my doctor won't listen to me? An Open Letter to Skeptical Health Care Practitioners Gluten-Free recipes: Gluten-Free Recipes
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    ENCOURAGING NEW CELIAC DISEASE DRUG


    Destiny Stone

    Celiac.com 03/12/2010 - According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 3 million Americans suffer from celiac disease. Characterized by small intestinal inflammation, intestinal injury and intolerance to gluten, celiac is  a genetic T-cell mediated auto-immune disease. Those diagnosed with celiac disease know that the only cure is an entirely gluten-free diet for life.  When left untreated, celiac can manifest into life-threatening illnesses such as, heart disease, osteoporosis, and cancer. However, modern science is now presenting us with an alternative to suffering needlessly, and it comes in the shape of a little non-assuming pill called Larazotide Acetate.


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    While celiac disease affects 1 in 133 people, those numbers do not take into account the thousands of other people who are impacted from gluten intolerance and gluten related allergies. Gluten comes in many disguises but can be found primarily in wheat, rye, and barley. Since the Food and Drug Administration has not yet mandated gluten disclosures on labels, many foods are contaminated with hidden gluten. People that suffer from the inability to digest gluten are extremely limited when it comes to dining, and often find themselves eating alone or bringing their own gluten-free food to social events.

    Eating a microscopic amount of gluten, for many gluten sensitive sufferers,  frequently leads to varying degrees of sicknesses including, diarrhea, vomiting, rashes, and insomnia. Some people are more sensitive than others, and those most sensitive to gluten cannot eat at many restaurants due to the chance of cross contamination. Much like a peanut allergy, those gluten sensitive can  get sick from eating gluten-free food that was cooked in the same kitchen as gluten food by means of contamination, or simply from receiving a kiss from a loved one that has traces of gluten on their mouth.

    With so many unsavory reactions to food, the medical community has been attempting to devise a drug for celiacs that allows them to safely digest gluten. A new drug called Larazotide Acetate, has been called 'revolutionary' to the celiac and gluten sensitive community, and may be what celiacs need to live a more normal life. While it is not a cure, Larazotide Acetate has been proven in clinical trials to greatly reduce the negative reactions celiacs have with gluten. Clinical test patients displayed a decrease  in  intestinal damage, from 50% to 15%, when ingesting gluten after taking Larazotide Acetate.

    Larazotide Acetate may very well be the new breakthrough drug of the decade. It offers celiacs and others with gluten sensitivities, the freedom to eat out at restaurants, or go to a friends house for dinner without the physiological and emotional stress that can accrue from worrying about, and getting sick from gluten contaminated food.

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    Guest Heather

    Posted

    I heard about these trials last year (for Larazotide Acetate) and checked out the actual clinical trial site. Well, the disturbing fact about the trials are that ALL the participants were REQUIRED to adhere to a gluten free diet to begin with. Now how do they know the drug itself is actually working if the participants are already gluten free? Wouldn't they already be decreasing the damage to their intestines by being gluten-free alone?! It would automatically throw the testing results off. I wrote and confronted the doctors about this and heard nothing back from them. I'm sure they wished that no one would bring that fact up, which is why my email was left unanswered. I found the trial to be faulty and untrustworthy by that alone.

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    Guest Robert

    Posted

    I heard about these trials last year (for Larazotide Acetate) and checked out the actual clinical trial site. Well, the disturbing fact about the trials are that ALL the participants were REQUIRED to adhere to a gluten free diet to begin with. Now how do they know the drug itself is actually working if the participants are already gluten free? Wouldn't they already be decreasing the damage to their intestines by being gluten-free alone?! It would automatically throw the testing results off. I wrote and confronted the doctors about this and heard nothing back from them. I'm sure they wished that no one would bring that fact up, which is why my email was left unanswered. I found the trial to be faulty and untrustworthy by that alone.

    I gather that the reason for the gluten free diet is that they try and get the 'test subject' as healthy as possible and then try and test the effects of gluten on them. Think about your comments for a moment will you?

    If you know much about coeliac disease then you should know that the damage occurs very quickly with a very small exposure and takes 3 to 6 months in an adult to repair.

     

    What would be the point of having a damaged person take the drug - its not a cure - just a potential way of blocking some of the reaction to gluten (which is a pretty good start if you ask me).

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    Can't wait for this to come on the market. I don't mind eating gluten free (my 9 year old celiac daughter is having a harder time). I just see the drug as a fail safe for cross -contamination and such rather than a cure. I hope it's out soon!

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    Guest Barrett

    Posted

    I'd prefer some research on the other problems that come with having a destroyed small intestine. They are many but few have been researched. I was diagnosed with "ovarian failure" 6 years before I was diagnosed with celiac disease. Too late for me to conceive now.

    How about some research on celiac intestines and hormones? I think that would be more important than being able to eat pizza again.

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    Yes they are testing a drug to block Zonulin which MAY be responsible for the damage in the small intestines. But look up the research - the researchers admit they don't know how it all works yet and they want to make a drug that will block this protein. A reduction of 50% to 15% damage is still DAMAGE! I am sorry but this will not work...when are we going to wake up from this perception that a stupid pill will fix everything - it doesn't! I agree it can be hard sometimes when you go out to eat and I had to learn to cook differently - But I also learned a lot about good nutrition and lets face it the whole population consumes too much wheat!

     

    Think about this - the body makes Zonulin for a reason but people with celiac disease make too much - so they want to totally block it - does that sound like a good idea?

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    Guest Joan

    Posted

    If this drug is just going to reduce reactions to gluten, yet you are still putting gluten into your body and you are allergic to it, how is this going to help? It seems to me that you will still be damaging your body but you won't get the reactions.

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    Guest ali asghar fozouni

    Posted

    I'm from Iran. I am 38 years old and I have celiac disease. Would you please help me and show me the drugs treatment?

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    I gather that the reason for the gluten free diet is that they try and get the 'test subject' as healthy as possible and then try and test the effects of gluten on them. Think about your comments for a moment will you?

    If you know much about coeliac disease then you should know that the damage occurs very quickly with a very small exposure and takes 3 to 6 months in an adult to repair.

     

    What would be the point of having a damaged person take the drug - its not a cure - just a potential way of blocking some of the reaction to gluten (which is a pretty good start if you ask me).

    Couldn't agree more Robert. I think she miss understands the reason for the pill. I'm sure if she thought it through it would make sense.

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    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 10/21/2013 - Holy smoke! Halloween 2013 is descending upon us faster than the Headless Horseman! That means the scramble to find good gluten-free and gluten-safe candy selections is also afoot.
    Here is our latest, most up-to-date list of Gluten-free and Gluten-safe Candy for Halloween 2013.
    Below that we feature a list of UNSAFE, NON–gluten–free candies, as well as a partial list of manufacturers with links to their company websites.
    Please remember that this list is not complete, or definitive, and should only be used as a guideline. Before consuming any candy on the list, be sure to gauge your purchases according to your own sensitivity levels, or those of your children.
    Check manufacturer websites for official information on any specific products.
    Gluten-free and Gluten-safe Candy List for Halloween 2013:
    3 Musketeers fun size
    3 Musketeers Mint with dark chocolate
    A
    Act II Popcorn Balls
    Albert’s Gummy Eyeballs
    Albert’s Iced Halloween pops (lollipops)
    Alien Pop, Baseball Pop, Basketball Pop, Boo Pop, Carousel Pop, ColorBlaster Pop, Football Pop, Happy Heart Pop, Hoppin’ Pop, Lickin’ Lips Pop, Lolliday Pop, Lollinotes, Pop-A-Bear, Soccer Pop, Alien Glow Pop, Buggin’ Glow Pop, Burstin Bits, and Ghostly Glow Pop
    Almond Joy
    Almond Joy fun size bars
    Altoids (except for Altoids Smalls Peppermint)
    Amanda's Own Confections Chocolate shapes and chocolate lollipops
    Annie's Organic Bunny Fruit snacks
    Applehead, Grapehead, Cherryhead
    B
    Baby Ruth original and fun size
    Barrels of Candy
    Bazooka Big Mix (includes bubble gum, bubble gum filled candy, candy chews, and bubble gum filled lollipops)
    Bazooka Ring Pops
    Bazooka Push Pops
    Bazooka Baby Bottle Pops
    Betty Crocker Fruit by the Foot Wicked Webs Berry Wave mini feet
    Betty Crocker Halloween fruit flavored snacks, including Fruit Gushers, Fruit Roll–ups, and Mini Rolls
    Bit•O•Honey
    Big Blow bubblegum
    Black Forest Gummy Tarantulas
    Black Forest Gummy Fun Bugs Juicy Oozers
    Bubbly lollipop and gum
    Butterfinger bar, original and fun size
    C
    Cadbury Adams Swedish Fish
    Cadbury Adams Sour Patch Kids and Sour Patch Extreme
    Candy Checkers (made for Target)
    Caramel Apple Pops (made by Tootsie Roll)
    Charleston Chew original and fun size
    Charms Blow Pops and Blow Pop Minis – may contain milk or soy
    Charms Candy Carnival Package – Blow Pops, Sugar Babies, Zip a Dee mini pops, Sugar Daddy, Pops, Sugar Mama Caramel, Tear Jerkers sour bubble gum, Blow Pop Bubble Gum – may contain milk or soy
    Charms Fluffy Stuff Spider Web cotton candy
    Chewy Atomic Fireballs
    Chewy Lemonheads and Friends
    Chupa Chups Fruit Lollipops
    Circus Peanuts by Spangler
    Clark Bars
    Colombina Scary Eyeballs bubblegum
    Colombina Fizzy Pops
    Comix Mix Candy Sticks – Tom and Jerry, Flintstones, Scooby
    Doo, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Popeye
    Cracker Jack caramel coated popcorn and peanuts
    Crispy Cat Mint Coconut Candy Bar
    Crispy Cat Toasted Almond Candy Bar
    Crispy Cat Chocolate Marshmallow Candy Bar
    D
    Disney Halloween Candy Mix – jelly beans, gummies, candy bracelets and characters from Cars, Tinkerbell and Toy Story
    Dots Gumdrops – including Candy Corn Dots, Ghost Dots, and Bat Dots
    Dove pieces – Dark Chocolate, Milk Chocolate, Peanut Butter Milk Chocolate, Caramel Milk Chocolate
    Dubble Bubble bubblegum
    Dum Dum Chewy Pops
    Dum Dum Lollipops (including Shrek Pops)
    F
    Farley’s Kiddie Mix - Smarties, SweetTarts, Now and Later, Jaw Breakers, Super Bubble and Lolli-pops
    Ferrara Pan Caramels
    Ferrara Pan Lemonhead & Friends candy mix – including Applehead, Cherryhead, Grapehead, Chewy Lemonhead & Friends, Chewy Atomic Fireball, and Red Hots
    Florida’s Natural Healthy Treats Nuggets, Sour String, Fruit Stiks
    Fright Fingers Popcorn Kit
    Frankford’s Bugs Gummy Candy
    Frankford’s Gummy Body Parts
    Frankford’s Marshmallow Pals
    Fun Dip
    Fun Dip Sour
    G
    Game Night boxes of candy game pieces (includes Operation, Sorry!, Monopoly, Life, and Clue)
    Goldenberg's peanut chews
    Goobers
    Grave Gummies (Yummy Gummies)
    Gummy Brush Paint Shop
    Gummy Pirate Choppers
    H
    Haribo Gold-Bears
    Heath milk chocolate English toffee bar and snack size - contains almonds
    Hershey’s Bliss (Milk Chocolate, Milk Chocolate with Almonds, Milk Chocolate with Meltaway Center, White Chocolate with Meltaway Center, Milk Chocolate with Raspberry Meltaway Center, Dark Chocolate) – No gluten ingredients, but not on Hershey’s official gluten-free list.
    Hershey’s Kisses (Candy Corn flavored candy, Caramel, Caramel Apple flavored filling, Milk Chocolate, Chocolate Meltaway, Pumpkin Spice, Hugs, Hugs & Kisses, Cherry Cordial Creme, Milk Chocolate with Almonds, Special Dark)
    Hershey’s Milk Chocolate bars and snack-size bars
    Hershey’s Milk Chocolate with Almonds snack-size bars
    Hershey’s Nuggets (Milk Chocolate, Milk Chocolate with Almonds, Milk Chocolate with Toffee and Almonds, Special Dark, Special Dark with Almonds)
    Hot Tamales
    Hot Tamales Spray
    Hubba Bubba Gum
    Humphrey Popcorn Balls
    I
    Ice Cream Dipper (Blue Raspberry, Strawberry)
    J
    Jelly Belly beans – gluten–free, dairy–free
    Jolly Rancher hard candy and Doubles Candy
    Jolly Rancher Hard Candy Stix, Lollipops and Fruit Chews
    Jr. Mints fun size – may contain eggs
    Just Born Jelly Beans
    Just Born marshmallow treats
    K
    Kellogg’s Spongebob Squarepants fruit flavored snacks
    Kraft Caramels
    Kraft Jet–Puffed Boo Mallows and Ghost Mallows
    Kraft Swedish Fish
    Kraft Sour Patch Kids and Sour Patch Extreme
    L
    Laffy Taffy Plain, Stretchy & Tangy and Rope
    Lemonheads
    Lifesavers
    LifeSavers Gummies including Big Ring Gummies, Sweet ‘n’ Sour, and Scary Assortment
    Lollipop Paint Shop
    M
    M&M’s – original, peanut, peanut butter
    Mars M&M's – except pretzel M&M's
    Mars Dove chocolate products
    Mars Munch Nut bar
    Mars Snickers, Snickers Dark bars, fun size and mini’s – may contain almonds
    Mary Janes
    Mallo Cup
    Marvel Heroes Candy Sticks (Hulk, Spiderman, Wolverine)
    Mega Warheads
    Melster Peanut Butter Kisses
    Mike and Ike
    Mike and Ike Spray
    Mini Mentos
    Mini Sour Dudes Straws
    Monstaz Pops (jack–o–lantern lollipops)
    Monster Hunt plastic monster eggs filled with candy bones, skulls and pumpkins (made for Target)
    Mounds
    Mounds dark chocolate fun size bars
    Mr. Goodbar
    N
    Necco’s Sky Bar 4 in 1 chocolate bar
    Necco Wafers
    Necco Mary Janes
    Necco Mary Jane Peanut Butter Kisses – does contain peanuts
    Necco Sweethearts Conversation Hearts (available for Valentine's Day only)
    Necco Canada Mint & Wintergreen Lozenges
    Necco Haviland Thin Mints and Candy Stix
    Necco Clark Bars
    Necco Skybars
    Necco Haviland Peppermint & Wintergreen Patties
    Necco Candy Eggs
    Necco Talking Pumpkins (available at Halloween only)
    Necco Squirrel Nut Caramels and Squirrel Nut Zippers
    Necco Banana Split and Mint Julep Chews
    Necco Ultramints
    Nestle Milk Chocolate fun size bars
    Nestle Baby Ruth
    Nestle Bit–O–Honey
    Nestle Butterfinger (NOT Butterfinger Crisp or Butterfinger Stixx)
    Nestle Goobers – does contain peanuts
    Nestle Nips (both regular and sugar–free)
    Nestle Oh Henry!
    Nestle Raisinets – made on equipment that processes peanuts
    Nestle Sno–Caps
    Nestle Wonka Pixy Stix
    Nestle Wonka Laffy Taffy
    Nestle Wonka Lik–M–Aid Fun Dip
    Nestle Wonka Spree
    Nik-L-Nip wax bottles with juice
    Now and Later
    O
    Oh Henry!
    Operation Gummy Candy
    P
    Palmer Peanut Butter Cups – does contain peanuts
    Pay Day peanut caramel bar snack size
    Peanut M&M’s
    Pearson’s Bun candy – maple and roasted peanuts
    Pearson’s Mint Patties,
    Pearson’s Nut Goodies
    Pearson's Salted Nut Rolls
    Peeps Jack–o–lanterns, Ghosts, Peeps Pumpkins and Chocolate Mousse Cats – “Gluten Free”
    Pez candy – “Gluten Free”
    Pop Rocks
    Popcorn Expressions Kettle Corn Snack Bags
    Pixie Stix
    Pure Fun Halloween Pure Pops
    R
    Rain Blo Bubble Gum Eyes of Terror
    Raisinets
    Razzles candy gum
    Red Hots
    Reese’s Fast Break candy bars and snack size
    Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups snack size and miniatures
    Reese’s Pieces
    Reese’s Select Peanut Butter Cremes
    Reese’s Select Clusters
    Reese’s Whipps
    Riviera Spooky Candy Rings
    S
    Sidewalk Chalk
    Sixlets
    Skeleton Pops (lollipops)
    Skittles includes Original, Sour, Wild Berry, Fizzl’d Fruits, and Crazy Core, including fun-size
    Smarties – (the small pastel–colored candies sold in rolls and made by Ce De). Also Candy Money, Candy Necklace, Easter Smarties, Giant Smarties, Giant Smarties Pops, Love Hearts, Mega Smarties, Smarties in a Pouch, Tropical Smarties, Smarties Double Lollies, Smarties Mega Lollies, Smarties Parties, Smarties Pops, and X-TREME Sour Smarties. Manufacturer states: These products contains NO: gluten, milk, egg, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, wheat, peanuts, or soy. (US only, NOT gluten-free in Canada).
    Snickers
    Snickers Fudge bar
    Sno-Caps
    Sno-Cone
    Soda Pop
    Sour Patch
    Spooky Candy Rings (eyeballs, Frankenstein heads and other shapes on rings)
    Starburst Fruit Chews and fun-size
    Starburst Gummibursts and Sour Gummibursts
    Sugar Babies
    Sugar Daddy Caramel Pops
    Super Bubble bubble gum
    Surf Sweets Gummy Worms
    Surf Sweets Gummy Swirls
    Surf Sweets Gummy Bears
    Surf SweetsFruity Bears
    Surf Sweets Jelly Beans
    Surf Sweets Sour Worms
    Surf Sweets Sour Berry Bears
    Swedish Fish
    Sweethearts conversation hearts Forbidden Fruits (candy packaging of The Twilight Saga, New Moon the movie)
    Sweet’s Candy Corn Taffy
    T
    Tootsie Caramel Apple Pops
    Tootsie Pops – original and mini
    Tootsie Rolls Midgies and snack bars
    Transformers Canpeasron's salted nut rolldy Mix – gummy shields, fruit chews, candy shields, gum rocks
    Twist and Glow, Twist and Glow Heart, Twist and Glow Pumpkin
    W
    Warheads – Extreme Sour hard candy and Sour QBZ chewy cubes
    Wonka Bottlecaps
    Wonka Chocolate Laffy Taffy
    Wonka Giant Chewy Nerds Jelly Beans
    Wonka Giant Pixy Stix
    Wonka Gobstopper Everlasting
    Wonka Gobstopper Chewy
    Wonka Fruit Tart Chews
    Wonka Fun Dip and Fun Dip Sour
    Wonka Laffy Taffy Ropes
    Wonka Mix–Ups
    Wonka Monster Mix–Ups – SweetTarts Skulls and Bones, Spooky Nerds, Howlin’ Laffy Taffy
    Wonka Nerds – carry a cross contamination warning on the Spooky Nerds orange and fruit punch flavors
    Wonka Pixy Stix
    Wrigley's Gum

    X
    X–scream Mouth Morphers Fruit Gushers
    Y
    York Peppermint Patties Pumpkins
    Z
    Zed Candy Skulls and Bones
    With all these selections, finding some good, gluten–free candy should be a snap. As always, be sure to read labels, as some ingredients can vary.
    **WARNING! THESE UNSAFE CANDIES CONTAIN OR MAY CONTAIN GLUTEN:
    AIRHEADS
    Packaging states that Airheads are: “Manufactured in a facility that processes wheat flour.”
    Airheads.com FAQs state that: “Airheads do not contain gluten; however, they are processed in a facility that uses wheat flour, so the company does not guarantee that Airheads are gluten-free.
    Airheads Xtremes Rolls contains wheat flour
    ANNABELLE’S
    Rocky Road – contains barley malt and wheat flour
    BRACH'S
    All Brach's candy should be considered NOT gluten–free! Please be careful, as I have seen Brach's candies included on gluten-free safe lists!
    CADBURY ADAMS
    Sour Patch Xploderz
    CHUCKLES
    Chuckles Ju Jubes
    FARLEY'S AND SATHERS
    Harvest Mix and Candy Corn – This product is made by Brach’s. See the Brach’s listings.
    Heide candies – Jujyfruits, Jujubes, Red Raspberry Dollars, Red Hot Dollars Wild Cherry, Heide Gummi Bears
    Super Bubble and Super Bubble Blast
    Trolli Gummi Bears, Trolli Sour Brite (Frite) Crawlers
    “Packaged on equipment that packages products containing traces of milk, wheat, egg, peanuts, tree nuts and/or soy protein.”
    FERRARA PAN
    Lemonhead, Red Hots, Chewy Lemonhead and Friends, Tropical Chewy Lemonhead and Friends, Applehead, Grapehead, Cherryhead
    Ferrara Pan has established an Allergen Policy which calls for the segregation of allergen-containing products from those products which do not contain allergens. The Allergen Policy also calls for the segregation of different allergen-containing products and ingredients from each other.”

    FRANKFORD
    Frankford Fun Size Mix (Peanut Butter, Caramel and Crispy Chocolate Covered Candies) Crispy Candies
    Gummy Body Parts
    SpongeBob Gummy Krabby Patties
    GOETZE
    Goetze’s Caramel Creams – Contain wheat flour, milk, and soy.
    HARIBO
    Black Licorice Wheels
    Brixx
    Fruity Pasta
    Konfekt and Pontefract Cakes
    Red Licorice Wheels
    Sour S’ghetti
    HERSHEY
    Kit Kat – contains wheat
    Reese's Minis
    Reese’s Peanut Butter Pumpkins
    Twizzlers – contains wheat
    Whoppers – contains barley malt and wheat flour
    Hershey’s Bliss (Milk Chocolate, Milk Chocolate with Almonds, Milk Chocolate with Meltaway Center, White Chocolate with Meltaway Center, Milk Chocolate with Raspberry Meltaway Center, Dark Chocolate) – No gluten ingredients, but not on Hershey’s official gluten-free list.
    Hershey's Good & Plenty
    Hershey's Milk Duds
    Hershey’s Mr. Goodbar fun size
    Hershey’s Rolo chocolate covered caramels
    MARS and WRIGLEY
    Milky Way – contains barley malt
    Twix – contains wheat
    NESTLE
    Butterfinger Crisp or Butterfinger Stixx – contains wheat flour
    Crunch – contains barley malt, and is “made on equipment that also processes wheat.”
    Hundred Grand Bar – contains barley malt,and is “made on equipment that also processes wheat.”
    Wonka Oompas and the Wonka Bar are NOT gluten–free.
    PALMER
    Palmer Bag of Boo’s fudge bars
    Palmer Tricky Treats (mix of Googly Eyes, Boneheads, and Pumpkin Patch chocolate candies)
    Palmer Trick or Treat Mix
    Palmer Peppermint Patties
    RUSSELL STOVER'S – Russell Stover's products are produced on equipment that also processes peanuts, tree nuts, eggs and wheat gluten.
    WONKA
    Wonka Bar
    Wonka Chewy Runts
    Wonka Chewy Spree
    Wonka Giant and Mini Chewy SweeTarts
    Wonka Nerds
    Wonka Oompas
    Wonka Runts
    Wonka Runts Chewy
    Wonka SweetTarts
    Wonka Sweetarts (regular)
    Wonka Sweetarts Chew
    Wonka Sweetarts Chewy Twists
    Wonka Sweetarts Giant Chewy
    Wonka Sweetarts Mini Chewy
    Wonka Shockers
    Wonka Sweetarts Gummy Bugs – contains wheat/gluten
    Wonka Sweetarts Rope – contains wheat/gluten
    Wonka Sweetarts Shockers
    Wonka Tart N Tinys
    Wonka Tart N Tinys Chew
    Wonka SweetTarts Boo Bag Mix
    Sources and Additional Resources:
    A more comprehensive list of safe and unsafe candies for Halloween can be found at celiacfamily.com. About.com Celiaccentral.com DivineCaroline.com Surefoodliving.com Foodallergyfeast Medpedia Here is a partial list of major candy manufacturers and how to contact them: Hershey's – 800–468–1714. Here's a link toHershey's official gluten-free list. Jelly Belly – 800–522–3267 Just Born – 888–645–3453 Just Born Gluten-free FAQs Mars Chocolate – 800–627–7852 Necco – 781–485–4800 Nestle USA – 800–225–2270 Pearson's – 800–328–6507 Tootsie Roll – 773–838–3400

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 03/06/2014 - Celiac disease is associated with various nutritional and reproductive issues, and increased risk of thyroid disease, kidney failure and certain cancers.
    For reasons yet unknown, over the last forty years, celiac disease, gluten intolerance and irritable bowel syndrome, have climbed to epidemic proportions.
    Is the rapid worldwide increase in celiac disease, gluten intolerance and irritable bowel syndrome a result of the rising use of Monsanto's glyphosate herbicide, sold as Roundup?
    Yes, according to a new US peer-reviewed paper from Dr. Anthony Samsel and Dr. Stephanie Seneff. Their research indicates that glyphosate is the primary cause of an emerging epidemic of celiac disease, gluten intolerance and irritable bowel syndrome. Their review appears in the Journal of Interdisciplinary Toxicology.
    According to Samsel and Seneff, glyphosate, the active ingredient in the herbicide, Roundup, "is the most important causal factor" in the global epidemic of celiac disease, gluten intolerance and irritable bowel syndrome.
    Stay tuned for more detailed summary of the nature, scope, methodology, and findings of the study itself. In the meantime, read the complete original review at sustainablepulse.com.

  • Recent Articles

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/19/2018 - Previous genome and linkage studies indicate the existence of a new disease triggering mechanism that involves amino acid metabolism and nutrient sensing signaling pathways. In an effort to determine if amino acids might play a role in the development of celiac disease, a team of researchers recently set out to investigate if plasma amino acid levels differed among children with celiac disease compared with a control group.
     
    The research team included Åsa Torinsson Naluai, Ladan Saadat Vafa, Audur H. Gudjonsdottir, Henrik Arnell, Lars Browaldh, and Daniel Agardh. They are variously affiliated with the Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Karolinska University Hospital and Division of Pediatrics, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; the Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institute, Sodersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; the Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden; the Diabetes & Celiac Disease Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; and with the Nathan S Kline Institute in the U.S.A.
    First, the team used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS) to analyze amino acid levels in fasting plasma samples from 141 children with celiac disease and 129 non-celiac disease controls. They then crafted a general linear model using age and experimental effects as covariates to compare amino acid levels between children with celiac disease and non-celiac control subjects.
    Compared with the control group, seven out of twenty-three children with celiac disease showed elevated levels of the the following amino acids: tryptophan; taurine; glutamic acid; proline; ornithine; alanine; and methionine.
    The significance of the individual amino acids do not survive multiple correction, however, multivariate analyses of the amino acid profile showed significantly altered amino acid levels in children with celiac disease overall and after correction for age, sex and experimental effects.
    This study shows that amino acids can influence inflammation and may play a role in the development of celiac disease.
    Source:
    PLoS One. 2018; 13(3): e0193764. doi: & 10.1371/journal.pone.0193764

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/18/2018 - To the relief of many bewildered passengers and crew, no more comfort turkeys, geese, possums or other questionable pets will be flying on Delta or United without meeting the airlines' strict new requirements for service animals.
    If you’ve flown anywhere lately, you may have seen them. People flying with their designated “emotional support” animals. We’re not talking genuine service animals, like seeing eye dogs, or hearing ear dogs, or even the Belgian Malinois that alerts its owner when there is gluten in food that may trigger her celiac disease.
    Now, to be honest, some of those animals in question do perform a genuine service for those who need emotional support dogs, like veterans with PTSD.
    However, many of these animals are not service animals at all. Many of these animals perform no actual service to their owners, and are nothing more than thinly disguised pets. Many lack proper training, and some have caused serious problems for the airlines and for other passengers.
    Now the major airlines are taking note and introducing stringent requirements for service animals.
    Delta was the first to strike. As reported by the New York Times on January 19: “Effective March 1, Delta, the second largest US airline by passenger traffic, said it will require passengers seeking to fly with pets to present additional documents outlining the passenger’s need for the animal and proof of its training and vaccinations, 48 hours prior to the flight.… This comes in response to what the carrier said was a 150 percent increase in service and support animals — pets, often dogs, that accompany people with disabilities — carried onboard since 2015.… Delta said that it flies some 700 service animals a day. Among them, customers have attempted to fly with comfort turkeys, gliding possums, snakes, spiders, and other unusual pets.”
    Fresh from an unsavory incident with an “emotional support” peacock incident, United Airlines has followed Delta’s lead and set stricter rules for emotional support animals. United’s rules also took effect March 1, 2018.
    So, to the relief of many bewildered passengers and crew, no more comfort turkeys, geese, possums or other questionable pets will be flying on Delta or United without meeting the airlines' strict new requirements for service and emotional support animals.
    Source:
    cnbc.com

    admin
    WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE?
    Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition that affects around 1% of the population. People with celiac disease suffer an autoimmune reaction when they consume wheat, rye or barley. The immune reaction is triggered by certain proteins in the wheat, rye, or barley, and, left untreated, causes damage to the small, finger-like structures, called villi, that line the gut. The damage occurs as shortening and villous flattening in the lamina propria and crypt regions of the intestines. The damage to these villi then leads to numerous other issues that commonly plague people with untreated celiac disease, including poor nutritional uptake, fatigue, and myriad other problems.
    Celiac disease mostly affects people of Northern European descent, but recent studies show that it also affects large numbers of people in Italy, China, Iran, India, and numerous other places thought to have few or no cases.
    Celiac disease is most often uncovered because people experience symptoms that lead them to get tests for antibodies to gluten. If these tests are positive, then the people usually get biopsy confirmation of their celiac disease. Once they adopt a gluten-free diet, they usually see gut healing, and major improvements in their symptoms. 
    CLASSIC CELIAC DISEASE SYMPTOMS
    Symptoms of celiac disease can range from the classic features, such as diarrhea, upset stomach, bloating, gas, weight loss, and malnutrition, among others.
    LESS OBVIOUS SYMPTOMS
    Celiac disease can often less obvious symptoms, such fatigue, vitamin and nutrient deficiencies, anemia, to name a few. Often, these symptoms are regarded as less obvious because they are not gastrointestinal in nature. You got that right, it is not uncommon for people with celiac disease to have few or no gastrointestinal symptoms. That makes spotting and connecting these seemingly unrelated and unclear celiac symptoms so important.
    NO SYMPTOMS
    Currently, most people diagnosed with celiac disease do not show symptoms, but are diagnosed on the basis of referral for elevated risk factors. 

    CELIAC DISEASE VS. GLUTEN INTOLERANCE
    Gluten intolerance is a generic term for people who have some sort of sensitivity to gluten. These people may or may not have celiac disease. Researchers generally agree that there is a condition called non-celiac gluten sensitivity. That term has largely replaced the term gluten-intolerance. What’s the difference between celiac disease and non-celiac gluten-sensitivity? 
    CELIAC DISEASE VS. NON-CELIAC GLUTEN SENSITIVITY (NCGS)
    Gluten triggers symptoms and immune reactions in people with celiac disease. Gluten can also trigger symptoms in some people with NCGS, but the similarities largely end there.

    There are four main differences between celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity:
    No Hereditary Link in NCGS
    Researchers know for certain that genetic heredity plays a major role in celiac disease. If a first-degree relative has celiac disease, then you have a statistically higher risk of carrying genetic markers DQ2 and/or DQ8, and of developing celiac disease yourself. NCGS is not known to be hereditary. Some research has shown certain genetic associations, such as some NCGS patients, but there is no proof that NCGS is hereditary. No Connection with Celiac-related Disorders
    Unlike celiac disease, NCGS is so far not associated with malabsorption, nutritional deficiencies, or a higher risk of autoimmune disorders or intestinal malignancies. No Immunological or Serological Markers
    People with celiac disease nearly always test positive for antibodies to gluten proteins. Researchers have, as yet, identified no such antobodies or serologic markers for NCGS. That means that, unlike with celiac disease, there are no telltale screening tests that can point to NCGS. Absence of Celiac Disease or Wheat Allergy
    Doctors diagnose NCGS only by excluding both celiac disease, an IgE-mediated allergy to wheat, and by the noting ongoing adverse symptoms associated with gluten consumption. WHAT ABOUT IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME (IBS) AND IRRITABLE BOWEL DISEASE (IBD)?
    IBS and IBD are usually diagnosed in part by ruling out celiac disease. Many patients with irritable bowel syndrome are sensitive to gluten. Many experience celiac disease-like symptoms in reaction to wheat. However, patients with IBS generally show no gut damage, and do not test positive for antibodies to gliadin and other proteins as do people with celiac disease. Some IBS patients also suffer from NCGS.

    To add more confusion, many cases of IBS are, in fact, celiac disease in disguise.

    That said, people with IBS generally react to more than just wheat. People with NCGS generally react to wheat and not to other things, but that’s not always the case. Doctors generally try to rule out celiac disease before making a diagnosis of IBS or NCGS. 
    Crohn’s Disease and celiac disease share many common symptoms, though causes are different.  In Crohn’s disease, the immune system can cause disruption anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract, and a diagnosis of Crohn’s disease typically requires more diagnostic testing than does a celiac diagnosis.  
    Crohn’s treatment consists of changes to diet and possible surgery.  Up to 10% of Crohn's patients can have both of conditions, which suggests a genetic connection, and researchers continue to examine that connection.
    Is There a Connection Between Celiac Disease, Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity and Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Large Number of Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients Sensitive To Gluten Some IBD Patients also Suffer from Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Many Cases of IBS and Fibromyalgia Actually Celiac Disease in Disguise CELIAC DISEASE DIAGNOSIS
    Diagnosis of celiac disease can be difficult. 

    Perhaps because celiac disease presents clinically in such a variety of ways, proper diagnosis often takes years. A positive serological test for antibodies against tissue transglutaminase is considered a very strong diagnostic indicator, and a duodenal biopsy revealing villous atrophy is still considered by many to be the diagnostic gold standard. 
    But this idea is being questioned; some think the biopsy is unnecessary in the face of clear serological tests and obvious symptoms. Also, researchers are developing accurate and reliable ways to test for celiac disease even when patients are already avoiding wheat. In the past, patients needed to be consuming wheat to get an accurate test result. 
    Celiac disease can have numerous vague, or confusing symptoms that can make diagnosis difficult.  Celiac disease is commonly misdiagnosed by doctors. Read a Personal Story About Celiac Disease Diagnosis from the Founder of Celiac.com Currently, testing and biopsy still form the cornerstone of celiac diagnosis.
    TESTING
    There are several serologic (blood) tests available that screen for celiac disease antibodies, but the most commonly used is called a tTG-IgA test. If blood test results suggest celiac disease, your physician will recommend a biopsy of your small intestine to confirm the diagnosis.
    Testing is fairly simple and involves screening the patients blood for antigliadin (AGA) and endomysium antibodies (EmA), and/or doing a biopsy on the areas of the intestines mentioned above, which is still the standard for a formal diagnosis. Also, it is now possible to test people for celiac disease without making them concume wheat products.

    BIOPSY
    Until recently, biopsy confirmation of a positive gluten antibody test was the gold standard for celiac diagnosis. It still is, but things are changing fairly quickly. Children can now be accurately diagnosed for celiac disease without biopsy. Diagnosis based on level of TGA-IgA 10-fold or more the ULN, a positive result from the EMA tests in a second blood sample, and the presence of at least 1 symptom could avoid risks and costs of endoscopy for more than half the children with celiac disease worldwide.

    WHY A GLUTEN-FREE DIET?
    Currently the only effective, medically approved treatment for celiac disease is a strict gluten-free diet. Following a gluten-free diet relieves symptoms, promotes gut healing, and prevents nearly all celiac-related complications. 
    A gluten-free diet means avoiding all products that contain wheat, rye and barley, or any of their derivatives. This is a difficult task as there are many hidden sources of gluten found in the ingredients of many processed foods. Still, with effort, most people with celiac disease manage to make the transition. The vast majority of celiac disease patients who follow a gluten-free diet see symptom relief and experience gut healing within two years.
    For these reasons, a gluten-free diet remains the only effective, medically proven treatment for celiac disease.
    WHAT ABOUT ENZYMES, VACCINES, ETC.?
    There is currently no enzyme or vaccine that can replace a gluten-free diet for people with celiac disease.
    There are enzyme supplements currently available, such as AN-PEP, Latiglutetenase, GluteGuard, and KumaMax, which may help to mitigate accidental gluten ingestion by celiacs. KumaMax, has been shown to survive the stomach, and to break down gluten in the small intestine. Latiglutenase, formerly known as ALV003, is an enzyme therapy designed to be taken with meals. GluteGuard has been shown to significantly protect celiac patients from the serious symptoms they would normally experience after gluten ingestion. There are other enzymes, including those based on papaya enzymes.

    Additionally, there are many celiac disease drugs, enzymes, and therapies in various stages of development by pharmaceutical companies, including at least one vaccine that has received financial backing. At some point in the not too distant future there will likely be new treatments available for those who seek an alternative to a lifelong gluten-free diet. 

    For now though, there are no products on the market that can take the place of a gluten-free diet. Any enzyme or other treatment for celiac disease is intended to be used in conjunction with a gluten-free diet, not as a replacement.

    ASSOCIATED DISEASES
    The most common disorders associated with celiac disease are thyroid disease and Type 1 Diabetes, however, celiac disease is associated with many other conditions, including but not limited to the following autoimmune conditions:
    Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: 2.4-16.4% Multiple Sclerosis (MS): 11% Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: 4-6% Autoimmune hepatitis: 6-15% Addison disease: 6% Arthritis: 1.5-7.5% Sjögren’s syndrome: 2-15% Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy: 5.7% IgA Nephropathy (Berger’s Disease): 3.6% Other celiac co-morditities include:
    Crohn’s Disease; Inflammatory Bowel Disease Chronic Pancreatitis Down Syndrome Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Lupus Multiple Sclerosis Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Psoriasis Rheumatoid Arthritis Scleroderma Turner Syndrome Ulcerative Colitis; Inflammatory Bowel Disease Williams Syndrome Cancers:
    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (intestinal and extra-intestinal, T- and B-cell types) Small intestinal adenocarcinoma Esophageal carcinoma Papillary thyroid cancer Melanoma CELIAC DISEASE REFERENCES:
    Celiac Disease Center, Columbia University
    Gluten Intolerance Group
    National Institutes of Health
    U.S. National Library of Medicine
    Mayo Clinic
    University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/17/2018 - Could the holy grail of gluten-free food lie in special strains of wheat that lack “bad glutens” that trigger the celiac disease, but include the “good glutens” that make bread and other products chewy, spongey and delicious? Such products would include all of the good things about wheat, but none of the bad things that might trigger celiac disease.
    A team of researchers in Spain is creating strains of wheat that lack the “bad glutens” that trigger the autoimmune disorder celiac disease. The team, based at the Institute for Sustainable Agriculture in Cordoba, Spain, is making use of the new and highly effective CRISPR gene editing to eliminate the majority of the gliadins in wheat.
    Gliadins are the gluten proteins that trigger the majority of symptoms for people with celiac disease.
    As part of their efforts, the team has conducted a small study on 20 people with “gluten sensitivity.” That study showed that test subjects can tolerate bread made with this special wheat, says team member Francisco Barro. However, the team has yet to publish the results.
    Clearly, more comprehensive testing would be needed to determine if such a product is safely tolerated by people with celiac disease. Still, with these efforts, along with efforts to develop vaccines, enzymes, and other treatments making steady progress, we are living in exciting times for people with celiac disease.
    It is entirely conceivable that in the not-so-distant future we will see safe, viable treatments for celiac disease that do not require a strict gluten-free diet.
    Read more at Digitaltrends.com , and at Newscientist.com

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 04/16/2018 - A team of researchers recently set out to investigate whether alterations in the developing intestinal microbiota and immune markers precede celiac disease onset in infants with family risk for the disease.
    The research team included Marta Olivares, Alan W. Walker, Amalia Capilla, Alfonso Benítez-Páez, Francesc Palau, Julian Parkhill, Gemma Castillejo, and Yolanda Sanz. They are variously affiliated with the Microbial Ecology, Nutrition and Health Research Unit, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, National Research Council (IATA-CSIC), C/Catedrático Agustín Escardin, Paterna, Valencia, Spain; the Gut Health Group, The Rowett Institute, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK; the Genetics and Molecular Medicine Unit, Institute of Biomedicine of Valencia, National Research Council (IBV-CSIC), Valencia, Spain; the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire UK; the Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, URV, Tarragona, Spain; the Center for regenerative medicine, Boston university school of medicine, Boston, USA; and the Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu and CIBERER, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain
    The team conducted a nested case-control study out as part of a larger prospective cohort study, which included healthy full-term newborns (> 200) with at least one first relative with biopsy-verified celiac disease. The present study includes 10 cases of celiac disease, along with 10 best-matched controls who did not develop the disease after 5-year follow-up.
    The team profiled fecal microbiota, as assessed by high-throughput 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, along with immune parameters, at 4 and 6 months of age and related to celiac disease onset. The microbiota of infants who remained healthy showed an increase in bacterial diversity over time, especially by increases in microbiota from the Firmicutes families, those who with no increase in bacterial diversity developed celiac disease.
    Infants who subsequently developed celiac disease showed a significant reduction in sIgA levels over time, while those who remained healthy showed increases in TNF-α correlated to Bifidobacterium spp.
    Healthy children in the control group showed a greater relative abundance of Bifidobacterium longum, while children who developed celiac disease showed increased levels of Bifidobacterium breve and Enterococcus spp.
    The data from this study suggest that early changes in gut microbiota in infants with celiac disease risk could influence immune development, and thus increase risk levels for celiac disease. The team is calling for larger studies to confirm their hypothesis.
    Source:
    Microbiome. 2018; 6: 36. Published online 2018 Feb 20. doi: 10.1186/s40168-018-0415-6