Celiac.com 01/04/2013 - Currently, doctors must still use invasive techniques to distinguish between uncomplicated and complicated forms of celiac disease.
In an effort to find a non-invasive approach to the issue, a research team recently set out to investigate the potential use of novel serum parameters, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-17, IL-22, sCD25, sCD27, granzyme-B, sMICA and sCTLA-4 in patients diagnosed with active celiac disease, celiac disease on a GFD, Refractory coeliac disease (RCD) type I and II, and enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL).
Their investigation revealed elevated levels of the pro-inflammatory IL-8, IL-17 and sCD25 in both active celiac disease and in refractory celiac disease, types I and II.
They also found that RCDII patients displayed higher serum levels of soluble granzyme-B and IL-6 in comparison to active celiac disease patients. Furthermore, EATL patients showed higher levels of IL-6 as compared to all other groups. Otherwise, the team found no differences between RCDI and active celiac disease or RCDII.
These novel serum parameters show distinct immunological differences in RCDII and EATL, compared with uncomplicated celiac disease and RCDI.