Celiac.com - 06/24/2016 - What are the main factors facing children with celiac disease as they transition into teenagers and young adults? There isn't much good data on the transition and transfer of care in adolescents and teens with celiac disease.
Recently, a team of 17 physicians from 10 countries, and two representatives from patient organizations examined the literature on transition from childhood to adulthood in celiac disease. Their The Prague consensus report looks to shine some light on the best options for providing optimal transition into adult healthcare for patients with celiac disease.
For their study, the team searched Medline (Ovid) and EMBASE for a period covering 1900 and September 2015. To assess evidence in retrieved reports, they used the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation method.
The current consensus report aims to help healthcare personnel manage celiac disease in the adolescent and young adult, and provide optimal care and transition into adult healthcare for patients with this disease. In adolescence, patients with celiac disease should gradually assume exclusive responsibility for their care, although parental support is still important. Patients should talk with their doctors about dietary adherence and consequences of non-adherence during transition and beyond.
In most adolescents and young adults, routine small intestinal biopsy is not needed to reconfirm a childhood diagnosis of celiac disease based on European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) or North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) criteria, However, a biopsy may be considered where pediatric diagnostic criteria have not been fulfilled, such as, in a patient without biopsy at diagnosis, when additional endomysium antibody tests have not been performed to confirm 10-fold positivity of tissue transglutaminase antibodies, or when a no biopsy strategy has been adopted in an asymptomatic child.
The research team members are variously affiliated with the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, the Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden, the Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, the Division of Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, the Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy, the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), San Diego, California, USA, the Celiac Disease Foundation, Los Angeles, California, USA, the Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University, New York, New York, USA, the Division of Gastroenterology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA, the Primary Care and General Practice, School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Durham University, Stockton on Tees, UK, the Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Munich, Germany, with Hungary, representing the Association of European Coeliac Societies, (AOECS), with the Department of Gastroenterology and Centre for Immune Regulation, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway, the Department of Paediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Immunology Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA, Columbia University Medical Center-Division of Paediatric Gastroenterology, New York, New York, USA, Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, School of Medicine & Public Health, Newcastle, Australia Academic Unit of Gastroenterology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital & University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK, the Institute of Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Liver Diseases Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, the Department of Medical Translational Sciences & European Laboratory for the Investigation of Food Induced Diseases, University Federico II, Naples, Italy, and the Hans Christian Andersen Children's Hospital, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, Denmark.