(Celiac.com 08/13/2000) Because celiac disease has emerged as a public health problem, Swedish researchers conducted a study to analyze the trends in the occurrence of symptomatic celiac disease in Swedish children from 1973 to 1997, and to explore any temporal relationship to changes in infant dietary patterns. The researchers established a population-based prospective incidence register of celiac disease in 1991, and collected data retrospective date from 1973. A total of 2,151 cases met their diagnostic criteria, and were used in the study.
This study demonstrates that the celiac disease epidemic is in part the result of a change in three factors within the area of infant feeding, including the amount of gluten given, the age of gluten introduction, and whether breastfeeding was ongoing or not when it was introduced. There may also be additional factors involved, and the search for them should be intensified.
Ivarsson A, Persson LA, Nystrom L, et al
Acta Paediatr. 2000 Feb;89(2):165-71