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    Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients)


    Scott Adams


    • This list focuses on safe gluten-free foods and ingredients within the USA and Canada (last updated 08-29-2013)


    Acacia Gum
    Acesulfame K
    Acesulfame Potassium
    Acetanisole
    Acetophenone
    Acorn Quercus
    Adipic Acid
    Adzuki Bean
    Acacia Gum
    Agar
    Agave
    Albumen
    Alcohol (Distilled Spirits - Specific Types)
    Alfalfa
    Algae
    Algin
    Alginic Acid
    Alginate
    Alkalized Cocoa
    Allicin
    Almond Nut
    Alpha-amylase
    Alpha-lactalbumin
    Aluminum
    Amaranth
    Ambergris
    Ammonium Hydroxide
    Ammonium Phosphate
    Ammonium Sulphate
    Amylose
    Amylopectin
    Annatto
    Annatto Color
    Apple Cider Vinegar
    Arabic Gum
    Arrowroot
    Artichokes
    Artificial Butter Flavor
     Artificial Flavoring
    Ascorbic Acid
    Aspartame (can cause IBS symptoms)
    Aspartic Acid
    Aspic
    Astragalus Gummifer
    Autolyzed Yeast Extract
    Avena Sativia (Oats3)
    Avena Sativia Extract (from Oats3)
    Avidin
    Azodicarbonamide
    Baking Soda
    Balsamic Vinegar
    Beeswax
    Beans
    Bean, Adzuki
    Bean, Hyacinth
    Bean, Lentil
    Bean, Mung
    Bean Romano (Chickpea)
    Bean Tepary
    Benzoic acid
    Besan (Chickpea)
    Beta Glucan (from Oats3)
    Betaine
    Beta Carotene
    BHA
    BHT
    Bicarbonate of Soda
    Biotin
    Blue Cheese
    Brown Sugar
    Buckwheat
    Butter (check additives)
    Butylated Hydroxyanisole
    Butyl Compounds
    Calcium Acetate
    Calcium Carbonate
    Calcium Caseinate
    Calcium Chloride
    Calcium Disodium
    Calcium Hydroxide
    Calcium Lactate
    Calcium Pantothenate
    Calcium Phosphate
    Calcium Propionate
    Calcium Silicate
    Calcium Sorbate
    Calcium Stearoyl Lactylate
    Calcium Stearate
    Calcium Sulfate
    Calrose
    Camphor
    Cane Sugar
    Cane Vinegar
    Canola (Rapeseed)
    Canola Oil (Rapeseed Oil)
    Caprylic Acid
    Carageenan Chondrus Crispus
    Carbonated Water
    Carboxymethyl Cellulose
    Caramel Color
    Caramel Flavoring
    Carmine
    Carnauba Wax
    Carob Bean
    Carob Bean Gum
    Carob Flour
    Carrageenan
    Casein
    Cassava Manihot Esculenta
    Castor Oil
    Catalase
    Cellulose1
    Cellulose Ether
    Cellulose Gum
    Cetyl Alcohol
    Cetyl Stearyl Alcohol
    Champagne Vinegar
    Channa (Chickpea)
    Chana Flour (Chickpea Flour)
    Cheeses - (most, but check ingredients)
    Chestnuts
    Chickpea
    Chlorella
    Chocolate Liquor
    Choline Chloride
    Chromium Citrate
    Chymosin
    Citric Acid
    Citrus Red No. 2
    Cochineal
    Cocoa
    Cocoa Butter
    Coconut
    Coconut Vinegar
    Collagen
    Colloidal Silicon Dioxide
    Confectioner's Glaze
    Copernicia Cerifera
    Copper Sulphate
    Corn
    Corn Gluten
    Corn Masa Flour
    Corn Meal
    Corn Flour
    Corn Starch
    Corn Sugar
    Corn Sugar Vinegar
    Corn Syrup
    Corn Syrup Solids
    Corn Swetener
    Corn Vinegar
    Corn Zein
    Cortisone
    Cotton Seed
    Cotton Seed Oil
    Cowitch
    Cowpea
    Cream of Tartar
    Crospovidone
    Curds
    Cyanocobalamin
    Cysteine, L
    Dal (Lentils)
    D-Alpha-tocopherol
    Dasheen Flour (Taro)
    Dates
    D-Calcium Pantothenate
    Delactosed Whey
    Demineralized Whey
    Desamidocollagen
    Dextran
    Dextrin
    Dextrimaltose
    Dextrose
    Diglycerides
    Dioctyl Sodium
    Dioctyl Sodium Solfosuccinate
    Dipotassium Phosphate
    Disodium Guanylate
    Disodium Inosinate
    Disodium Phosphate
    Distilled Alcohols
    Distilled Vinegar
    Distilled White Vinegar
    Dutch Processed Cocoa
    EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid)
    Eggs
    Egg Yolks
    Elastin
    Ester Gum
    Ethyl Alcohol
    Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid
    Ethyl Maltol
    Ethyl Vanillin
    Expeller Pressed Canola Oil
    FD&C Blue No. 1 Dye
    FD&C Blue No. 1 Lake
    FD&C Blue No. 2 Dye
    FD&C Blue No. 2 Lake
    FD&C Green No. 3 Dye
    FD&C Green No. 3 Lake
    FD&C Red No. 3 Dye
    FD&C Red No. 40 Dye
    FD&C Red No. 40 Lake
    FD&C Yellow No. 5 Dye
    FD&C Yellow No. 6 Dye
    FD&C Yellow No. 6 Lake
    Ferric Orthophosphate
    Ferrous Gluconate
    Ferrous Fumerate
    Ferrous Lactate
    Ferrous Sulfate
    Fish (fresh)
    Flaked Rice
    Flax
    Folacin
    Folate
    Flavoring
    Flavoring Extracts
    Folic Acid-Folacin
    Food Starch
    Food Starch Modified
    Formaldehyde
    Fructose
    Fruit (including dried)
    Fruit Vinegar
    Fumaric Acid
    Galactose
    Garbanzo Beans
    Gelatin
    Glucoamylase
    Gluconolactone
    Glucose
    Glucose Syrup
    Glutamate (free)
    Glutamic Acid
    Glutamine (amino acid)
    Glutinous Rice
    Glutinous Rice Flour
    Glycerides
    Glycerin
    Glycerol Monooleate
    Glycol Monosterate
    Glycol
    Glycolic acid
    Gram flour (chick peas)
    Grape Skin Extract
    Grits, Corn
    Guar Gum
    Gum Acacia
    Gum Arabic
    Gum Base
    Gum Tragacanth
    Hemp
    Hemp Seeds
    Herbs
    Herb Vinegar
    Hexanedioic Acid
    High Fructose Corn Syrup
    Hominy
    Honey
    Hops
    Horseradish (Pure)
    HPP
    HVP
    Hyacinth Bean
    Hydrogen Peroxide
    Hydrolyzed Caseinate
    Hydrolyzed Meat Protein
    Hydrolyzed Plant Protein
    Hydrolyzed Protein
    Hydrolyzed Soy Protein
    Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein
    Hydroxypropyl Cellulose
    Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose
    Hypromellose
    Illepe
    Iodine
    Inulin
    Invert Sugar
    Iron Ammonium Citrate
    Isinglass
    Isolated Soy Protein
    Isomalt
    Job's Tears
    Jowar (Sorghum)
    Karaya Gum
    Kasha (roasted buckwheat)
    Keratin
    K-Carmine Color
    K-Gelatin
    Koshihikari (rice)
    Kudzu
    Kudzu Root Starch
    Lactalbumin Phosphate
    Lactase
    Lactic Acid
    Lactitol
    Lactose
    Lactulose
    Lanolin
    Lard
    L-cysteine
    Lecithin
    Lemon Grass
    Lentils
    Licorice
    Licorice Extract
    Lipase
    L-leucine
    L-lysine
    L-methionine
    Locust Bean Gum
    L-tryptophan
    Magnesium Carbonate
    Magnesium Hydroxide
    Magnesium Oxide
    Maize
    Maize Waxy
    Malic Acid
    Maltitol
    Maltodextrin (except in pharmaceuticals)
    Maltol
    Maltose
    Manganese Sulfate
    Manioc
    Masa
    Masa Flour
    Masa Harina
    Meat (fresh)
    Medium Chain Triglycerides
    Menhaden Oil
    Methyl Cellulose2
    Microcrystalline Cellulose
    Micro-particulated Egg White Protein
    Milk
    Milk Protein Isolate
    Millet
    Milo (Sorghum)
    Mineral Oil
    Mineral Salts
    Mixed Tocopherols
    Modified Food Starch
    Modified Starch
    Modified food Starch
    Molybdenum Amino Acid Chelate
    Monocalcium Phosphate
    Monoglycerides
    Mono and Diglycerides
    Monopotassium Phosphate
    Monosaccharides
    Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)
    Monostearates
    MSG
    Mung Bean
    Musk
    Mustard Flour
    Myristic Acid
    Natural Flavoring
    Natural Flavors
    Natural Smoke Flavor
    Niacin-Niacinamide
    Neotame
    Niacin
    Niacinamide
    Nitrates
    Nitrous Oxide
    Non-fat Milk
    Nuts (except wheat, rye & barley)
    Nut, Acron
    Nut, Almond
    Oats3
    Oils and Fats
    Oleic Acid
    Oleoresin
    Olestra
    Oleyl Alcohol/Oil
    Orange B
    Oryzanol
    Palmitic Acid
    Pantothenic Acid
    Papain
    Paprika
    Paraffin
    Patially Hydrogenated Cottonseed Oil
    Patially Hydrogenated Soybean Oil
    Peas
    Pea - Chick
    Pea - Cow
    Pea Flour
    Pea Starch
    Peanuts
    Peanut Flour
    Pectin
    Pectinase
    Peppermint Oil
    Peppers
    Pepsin
    Peru Balsam
    Petrolatum
    PGPR (Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate)
    Phenylalanine
    Phosphoric Acid
    Phosphoric Glycol
    Pigeon Peas
    Polenta
    Polydextrose
    Polyethylene Glycol
    Polyglycerol
    Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate (PGPR)
    Polysorbates
    Polysorbate 60
    Polysorbate 80
    Potassium Benzoate
    Potassium Caseinate
    Potassium Citrate
    Potassium Iodide
    Potassium Lactate
    Potassium Matabisulphite
    Potassium Sorbate
    Potatoes
    Potato Flour
    Potato Starch
    Povidone
    Prinus
    Pristane
    Propolis
    Propylene Glycol
    Propylene Glycol Monosterate
    Propyl Gallate
    Protease
    Psyllium
    Pyridoxine Hydrochloride
    Quinoa
    Ragi

    Raisin Vinegar
    Rape
    Recaldent
    Reduced Iron
    Rennet
    Rennet Casein
    Resinous Glaze
    Reticulin
    Riboflavin
    Rice
    Rice (Enriched)
    Rice Flour
    Rice Starch
    Rice Syrup
    Rice Vinegar
    Ricinoleic Acid
    Romano Bean (chickpea)
    Rosematta
    Rosin
    Royal Jelly
    Saccharin
    Saffron
    Sago
    Sago Palm
    Sago Flour
    Sago Starch
    Saifun (bean threads)
    Salt
    Seaweed
    Seeds (except wheat, rye & barley)
    Seed - Sesame
    Seed - Sunflower
    Shea
    Sherry Vinegar
    Silicon Dioxide
    Smoke Flavoring
    Soba (be sure its 100% buckwheat)
    Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate
    Sodium Acetate
    Sodium Alginate
    Sodium Ascorbate
    Sodium Benzoate
    Sodium Caseinate
    Sodium Citrate
    Sodium Erythrobate
    Sodium Hexametaphosphate
    Sodium Lactate
    Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
    Sodium Metabisulphite
    Sodium Nitrate
    Sodium Phosphate
    Sodium Polyphosphate
    Sodium Silaco Aluminate
    Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate
    Sodium Sulphite
    Sodium Stannate
    Sodium Tripolyphosphate
    Sorbic Acid
    Sorbitan Monostearate
    Sorbitol-Mannitol (can cause IBS symptoms)
    Sorghum
    Sorghum Flour
    Soy
    Soybean
    Soy Lecithin
    Soy Protein
    Soy Protein Isolate
    Spices (pure)
    Spirits (Specific Types)
    Spirit Vinegar
    Starch (the single word ingredient is, by law, cornstarch)
    Stearates
    Stearamide
    Stearamine
    Stearic Acid
    Stearyl Lactate
    Stevia
    Subflower Seed
    Succotash (corn and beans)
    Sucralose
    Sucrose
    Sulfosuccinate
    Sulfites
    Sulfur Dioxide
    Sweet Chestnut Flour
    Tagatose
    Tallow
    Tapioca
    Tapioca Flour
    Tapioca Starch
    Tara Gum
    Taro
    Tarro
    Tarrow Root
    Tartaric Acid
    Tartrazine
    TBHQ is Tetra or Tributylhydroquinone
    Tea
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Teff
    Teff Flour
    Tepary Bean
    Textured Vegetable Protein
    Thiamin Hydrochloride
    Thiamine Mononitrate
    Thiamine Hydrochloride
    Titanium Dioxide
    Tofu (Soy Curd)
    Tolu Balsam
    Torula Yeast
    Tragacanth
    Tragacanth Gum
    Triacetin
    Tricalcium Phosphate
    Tri-Calcium Phosphate
    Trypsin
    Turmeric (Kurkuma)
    TVP
    Tyrosine
    Urad/Urid Beans
    Urad/Urid Dal (peas) Vegetables
    Urad/Urid flour
    Urd
    Vinegar (All except Malt)
    Vanilla Extract
    Vanilla Flavoring
    Vanillin
    Vinegars (Specific Types - Except Malt Vinegar)
    Vitamin A (retinol)
    Vitamin A Palmitate
    Vitamin B1
    Vitamin B-12
    Vitamin B2
    Vitamin B6
    Vitamin D
    Vitamin E Acetate
    Waxy Maize
    Whey
    Whey Protein Concentrate
    Whey Protein Isolate
    White Vinegar
    Wines
    Wine Vinegars (& Balsamic)
    Wild Rice
    Xanthan Gum
    Xylitol
    Yam Flour
    Yeast (except brewer's yeast)
    Yogurt (plain, unflavored)
    Zinc Oxide
    Zinc Sulfate

    • 1) Cellulose is a carbohydrate polymer of D-glucose. It is the structural material of plants, such as wood in trees. It contains no gluten protein.
    • 2) Methyl cellulose is a chemically modified form of cellulose that makes a good substitute for gluten in rice-based breads, etc.
    • 3) Recent research indicates that oats may be safe for people on gluten-free diets, although many people may also have an additional, unrelated intolerance to them. Cross contamination with wheat is also a factor that you need to consider before choosing to include oats in your diet.

    Edited by admin


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    Recommended Comments



    Guest Sharon McGlone

    Posted

    Good staple list to refer to!

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    This site is a life saver for me. I have only been diagnosed with celiac disease since March 2007, and I am still trying to get familiar with the 'safe foods.' Thanks you so much.

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    Guest Solange Milan

    Posted

    Thanks again!

     

    This is so helpful.

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    My son was just diagnosed in May and this will be so helpful. Thanks!

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    AWESOME!!! Thank you so much! I own a small vegan/vegetarian cafe in Baltimore, and I can now offer customers gluten free items! Hope more restaurants follow...

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    Guest A very thankful mother!!!

    Posted

    I have been trying for ten years to figure out what was wrong with my son. Finally after ten years of unsure doctors, lotion that stings skin that was like leather, and a extended malnourished looking belly we finally know what has made him a year and a half behind in his growth and was threatening the life of my son. In April of 2007 he was finally diagnosed with celiac disease. With the help of your lists and a change of diet, he no longer has skin of leather, no longer is always starving and is finally gaining weight. Thank you so much for your time in making these lists. Also, because of his diagnosis, I changed my diet to match his and have lost forty pounds because of it. Thank you so much.

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    Guest cindy coughlin

    Posted

    This was really helpful because there are a lot of ingredients listed on items that I was unsure of as being safe or not. Thanks!

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    Guest Betty Eckard

    Posted

    This list is just what I needed.

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    Guest patsy muse

    Posted

    My age 9 granddaughter has just been put on a gluten free diet for her weight--she is overweight. This was first hit on correct foods.

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    Guest cheryl shilhan

    Posted

    I have spent hours trying to find out is cellulose gum was safe for me. thank you for the research you did on this--you are in my favorites now.

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    Oh my gosh... I am so glad that I found this site--this is god sent! I have celiac , and I am really sick and don't know anything, so please keep this updated...

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    Guest Maggie Burke

    Posted

    Excellent. Thank you.

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    Guest Terry Marinello

    Posted

    Excellent job. Our catering/personal chef business is slowly getting more celiac customers, so we try to research as much as possible on all reliable sites.

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    Thank you very much...there are so many ingredients in everything and it is hard to figure out sometimes if it is good or not.

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    Guest Dana L. Altazan

    Posted

    Thank you so very much. I have a newly diagnosed 2 year old that is a very picky eater. This list will be extremely helpful!

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    Guest Carol Litfin

    Posted

    Wonderful information. As long as I have had this condition (since 1990), I still have trouble at the store trying to remember the good versus bad ingredients.

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    This is wonderful. Years ago I had to search everywhere and trial and error to find out this information. We need to go back on the gluten free diet because now instead of food sensitivity it is ceiliac disease for 2 children.

     

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    Guest Lorinda Bessler

    Posted

    Thanks so much for this list...it will help a lot.

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    I finally found it - an update list. Thank you this will be a BIG help.

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    Guest Susan Mitola

    Posted

    Nice, easy breakdown on what food products are safe.

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    Guest dr.javaid

    Posted

    This is the list I was looking for long time,thanks

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    I have been waiting for a Website like this for a long time, excellent, very helpful.

    Thanks.

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    Guest Victoria

    Posted

    I was diagnosed with fibromyalgia. I since found out that inflammation feeds off gluten if you have an intolerance to it. Thank You for the time put in to this!! You are truly helping so many people!!!

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    In 1994 I was diagnosed with celiac disease, which led me to create Celiac.com in 1995. I created this site for a single purpose: To help as many people as possible with celiac disease get diagnosed so they can begin to live happy, healthy gluten-free lives. Celiac.com was the first site on the Internet dedicated solely to celiac disease. In 1998 I founded The Gluten-Free Mall, Your Special Diet Superstore!, and I am the co-author of the book Cereal Killers, and founder and publisher of Journal of Gluten Sensitivity.

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    Bakery On Main started in the small bakery of a natural foods market on Main Street in Glastonbury, Connecticut. Founder Michael Smulders listened when his customers with Celiac Disease would mention the lack of good tasting, gluten-free options available to them. Upon learning this, he believed that nobody should have to suffer due to any kind of food allergy or dietary need. From then on, his mission became creating delicious and fearlessly unique gluten-free products that were clean and great tasting, while still being safe for his Celiac customers!
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    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 06/20/2018 - Currently, the only way to manage celiac disease is to eliminate gluten from the diet. That could be set to change as clinical trials begin in Australia for a new vaccine that aims to switch off the immune response to gluten. 
    The trials are set to begin at Australia’s University of the Sunshine Coast Clinical Trials Centre. The vaccine is designed to allow people with celiac disease to consume gluten with no adverse effects. A successful vaccine could be the beginning of the end for the gluten-free diet as the only currently viable treatment for celiac disease. That could be a massive breakthrough for people with celiac disease.
    USC’s Clinical Trials Centre Director Lucas Litewka said trial participants would receive an injection of the vaccine twice a week for seven weeks. The trials will be conducted alongside gastroenterologist Dr. James Daveson, who called the vaccine “a very exciting potential new therapy that has been undergoing clinical trials for several years now.”
    Dr. Daveson said the investigational vaccine might potentially restore gluten tolerance to people with celiac disease.The trial is open to adults between the ages of 18 and 70 who have clinically diagnosed celiac disease, and have followed a strict gluten-free diet for at least 12 months. Anyone interested in participating can go to www.joinourtrials.com.
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    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 06/19/2018 - Could baking soda help reduce the inflammation and damage caused by autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, and celiac disease? Scientists at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University say that a daily dose of baking soda may in fact help reduce inflammation and damage caused by autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, and celiac disease.
    Those scientists recently gathered some of the first evidence to show that cheap, over-the-counter antacids can prompt the spleen to promote an anti-inflammatory environment that could be helpful in combating inflammatory disease.
    A type of cell called mesothelial cells line our body cavities, like the digestive tract. They have little fingers, called microvilli, that sense the environment, and warn the organs they cover that there is an invader and an immune response is needed.
    The team’s data shows that when rats or healthy people drink a solution of baking soda, the stomach makes more acid, which causes mesothelial cells on the outside of the spleen to tell the spleen to go easy on the immune response.  "It's most likely a hamburger not a bacterial infection," is basically the message, says Dr. Paul O'Connor, renal physiologist in the MCG Department of Physiology at Augusta University and the study's corresponding author.
    That message, which is transmitted with help from a chemical messenger called acetylcholine, seems to encourage the gut to shift against inflammation, say the scientists.
    In patients who drank water with baking soda for two weeks, immune cells called macrophages, shifted from primarily those that promote inflammation, called M1, to those that reduce it, called M2. "The shift from inflammatory to an anti-inflammatory profile is happening everywhere," O'Connor says. "We saw it in the kidneys, we saw it in the spleen, now we see it in the peripheral blood."
    O'Connor hopes drinking baking soda can one day produce similar results for people with autoimmune disease. "You are not really turning anything off or on, you are just pushing it toward one side by giving an anti-inflammatory stimulus," he says, in this case, away from harmful inflammation. "It's potentially a really safe way to treat inflammatory disease."
    The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health.
    Read more at: Sciencedaily.com

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 06/18/2018 - Celiac disease has been mainly associated with Caucasian populations in Northern Europe, and their descendants in other countries, but new scientific evidence is beginning to challenge that view. Still, the exact global prevalence of celiac disease remains unknown.  To get better data on that issue, a team of researchers recently conducted a comprehensive review and meta-analysis to get a reasonably accurate estimate the global prevalence of celiac disease. 
    The research team included P Singh, A Arora, TA Strand, DA Leffler, C Catassi, PH Green, CP Kelly, V Ahuja, and GK Makharia. They are variously affiliated with the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India; Innlandet Hospital Trust, Lillehammer, Norway; Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; Gastroenterology Research and Development, Takeda Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cambridge, MA; Department of Pediatrics, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy; Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York; USA Celiac Disease Center, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York; and the Department of Gastroenterology and Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    For their review, the team searched Medline, PubMed, and EMBASE for the keywords ‘celiac disease,’ ‘celiac,’ ‘tissue transglutaminase antibody,’ ‘anti-endomysium antibody,’ ‘endomysial antibody,’ and ‘prevalence’ for studies published from January 1991 through March 2016. 
    The team cross-referenced each article with the words ‘Asia,’ ‘Europe,’ ‘Africa,’ ‘South America,’ ‘North America,’ and ‘Australia.’ They defined celiac diagnosis based on European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines. The team used 96 articles of 3,843 articles in their final analysis.
    Overall global prevalence of celiac disease was 1.4% in 275,818 individuals, based on positive blood tests for anti-tissue transglutaminase and/or anti-endomysial antibodies. The pooled global prevalence of biopsy-confirmed celiac disease was 0.7% in 138,792 individuals. That means that numerous people with celiac disease potentially remain undiagnosed.
    Rates of celiac disease were 0.4% in South America, 0.5% in Africa and North America, 0.6% in Asia, and 0.8% in Europe and Oceania; the prevalence was 0.6% in female vs 0.4% males. Celiac disease was significantly more common in children than adults.
    This systematic review and meta-analysis showed celiac disease to be reported worldwide. Blood test data shows celiac disease rate of 1.4%, while biopsy data shows 0.7%. The prevalence of celiac disease varies with sex, age, and location. 
    This review demonstrates a need for more comprehensive population-based studies of celiac disease in numerous countries.  The 1.4% rate indicates that there are 91.2 million people worldwide with celiac disease, and 3.9 million are in the U.S.A.
    Source:
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Jun;16(6):823-836.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2017.06.037.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 06/16/2018 - Summer is the time for chips and salsa. This fresh salsa recipe relies on cabbage, yes, cabbage, as a secret ingredient. The cabbage brings a delicious flavor and helps the salsa hold together nicely for scooping with your favorite chips. The result is a fresh, tasty salsa that goes great with guacamole.
    Ingredients:
    3 cups ripe fresh tomatoes, diced 1 cup shredded green cabbage ½ cup diced yellow onion ¼ cup chopped fresh cilantro 1 jalapeno, seeded 1 Serrano pepper, seeded 2 tablespoons lemon juice 2 tablespoons red wine vinegar 2 garlic cloves, minced salt to taste black pepper, to taste Directions:
    Purée all ingredients together in a blender.
    Cover and refrigerate for at least 1 hour. 
    Adjust seasoning with salt and pepper, as desired. 
    Serve is a bowl with tortilla chips and guacamole.