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  • Scott Adams
    Scott Adams

    Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients)

    Reviewed and edited by a celiac disease expert.

      This list focuses on unsafe/forbidden foods and ingredients (non-gluten-free) for those with celiac disease (USA and Canada)


    Caption: Image: CC--Steve Snodgrass

    A
    Abyssinian Hard (Wheat triticum durum)
    Alcohol (Spirits - Specific Types)
    Atta Flour

    B
    Barley Grass (can contain seeds)
    Barley Hordeum vulgare
    Barley Malt
    Beer (most contain barley or wheat)
    Bleached Flour
    Bran
    Bread Flour
    Brewer's Yeast
    Brown Flour
    Bulgur (Bulgar Wheat/Nuts)
    Bulgur Wheat

    C
    Cereal Binding
    Chilton
    Club Wheat (Triticum aestivum subspecies compactum)
    Common Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
    Cookie Crumbs
    Cookie Dough
    Cookie Dough Pieces
    Couscous
    Criped Rice

    D
    Dinkle (Spelt)
    Disodium Wheatgermamido Peg-2 Sulfosuccinate
    Durum wheat (Triticum durum)

    E
    Edible Coatings
    Edible Films
    Edible Starch
    Einkorn (Triticum monococcum)
    Emmer (Triticum dicoccon)
    Enriched Bleached Flour
    Enriched Bleached Wheat Flour
    Enriched Flour

    F
    Farik
    Farina
    Farina Graham
    Farro
    Filler
    Flour (normally this is wheat)
    Freekeh
    Frikeh
    Fu (dried wheat gluten)

    G
    Germ
    Graham Flour
    Granary Flour
    Groats (barley, wheat)

    H
    Hard Wheat
    Heeng
    Hing
    Hordeum Vulgare Extract
    Hydroxypropyltrimonium Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

    K
    Kamut (Pasta wheat)
    Kecap Manis (Soy Sauce)
    Ketjap Manis (Soy Sauce)
    Kluski Pasta

    M
    Maida (Indian wheat flour)
    Malt
    Malted Barley Flour
    Malted Milk
    Malt Extract
    Malt Syrup
    Malt Flavoring
    Malt Vinegar
    Macha Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
    Matza
    Matzah
    Matzo
    Matzo Semolina
    Meripro 711
    Mir

    N
    Nishasta

    O
    Oriental Wheat (Triticum turanicum)
    Orzo Pasta

    P
    Pasta
    Pearl Barley
    Persian Wheat (Triticum carthlicum)
    Perungayam
    Poulard Wheat (Triticum turgidum)
    Polish Wheat (Triticum polonicum)

    R
    Rice Malt (if barley or Koji are used)
    Roux
    Rusk
    Rye

    S
    Seitan
    Semolina
    Semolina Triticum
    Shot Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
    Small Spelt
    Spirits (Specific Types)
    Spelt (Triticum spelta)
    Sprouted Wheat or Barley
    Stearyldimoniumhydroxypropyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein
    Strong Flour
    Suet in Packets

    T
    Tabbouleh
    Tabouli
    Teriyaki Sauce
    Timopheevi Wheat (Triticum timopheevii)
    Triticale X triticosecale
    Triticum Vulgare (Wheat) Flour Lipids
    Triticum Vulgare (Wheat) Germ Extract
    Triticum Vulgare (Wheat) Germ Oil

    U
    Udon (wheat noodles)
    Unbleached Flour

    V
    Vavilovi Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
    Vital Wheat Gluten

    W
    Wheat, Abyssinian Hard triticum durum
    Wheat Amino Acids
    Wheat Bran Extract
    Wheat, Bulgur
    Wheat Durum Triticum
    Wheat Germ Extract
    Wheat Germ Glycerides
    Wheat Germ Oil
    Wheat Germamidopropyldimonium Hydroxypropyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein
    Wheat Grass (can contain seeds)
    Wheat Nuts
    Wheat Protein
    Wheat Starch
    Wheat Triticum aestivum
    Wheat Triticum Monococcum
    Wheat (Triticum Vulgare) Bran Extract
    Whole-Meal Flour
    Wild Einkorn (Triticum boeotictim)
    Wild Emmer (Triticum dicoccoides)

    The following items may or may not contain gluten depending on where and how they are made, and it is sometimes necessary to check with the manufacturer to find out:

    • Amp-Isostearoyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein2
    • Artificial Color2
    • Baking Powder2
    • Clarifying Agents2
    • Coloring2
    • Dry Roasted Nuts2
    • Emulsifiers2
    • Enzymes2
    • Fat Replacer2
    • Gravy Cubes2
    • Ground Spices2
    • Hydrolyzed Wheat Gluten2
    • Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein2
    • Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein Pg-Propyl Silanetriol2
    • Hydrolyzed Wheat Starch2
    • Hydrogenated Starch Hydrolysate2
    • Hydroxypropylated Starch2
    • Miso2
    • Natural Juices2
    • Non-dairy Creamer2
    • Pregelatinized Starch2
    • Protein Hydrolysates2
    • Seafood Analogs2
    • Seasonings2
    • Sirimi2
    • Soba Noodles2
    • Soy Sauce2
    • Soy Sauce Solids2
    • Sphingolipids2
    • Stabilizers2
    • Starch1, 2
    • Stock Cubes2
    • Suet2
    • Tocopherols2
    • Vegetable Broth2
    • Vegetable Gum2
    • Vegetable Protein2
    • Vegetable Starch2
    • Vitamins2
    • 1) If this ingredient is made in North America it is likely to be gluten-free.
    • 2) Can utilize a gluten-containing grain or by-product in the manufacturing process, or as an ingredient.

    Edited by Scott Adams


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    Recommended Comments



    The extremely specific information, with citations, is exceedingly helpful to this biomedical scientist who also has celiac disease. You are doing a real service; please keep it up!

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    I have several family members who have been diagnoses with Celiac. I however have not had an official testing for the disease but feel my symptoms warrant a change of diet to gluten free. This list is absolutely amazing.

    Thank you!

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    This is by far the best list of unsafe foods for those with celiac I have ever seen! I have been living gluten free for 6 years and now with this detailed list I can be sure I am safe with what I am eating. Thank you!

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    THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU!!!! I have only recently found out that I'm gluten intolerant. Your articles are helping me learn, navigate, & understand the information that's out there. The list of different additives that contain gluten is very helpful!!!

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    This is so helpful to keep on hand - I just wish there was an easier way to know about the items that may or may not contain gluten - which the Scott Adams site can't do nothing about - it's the manufacture - take for instance albacore tuna has vegetable oil; Well I had to contact bumble bee, Starkist... to find out if the veggie oil was gluten-free - which by the way is gluten-free!- Scott Adams thanks for this great site laa : )

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    I, too, am self-diagnosed. I had joint pain since I was a child. Now I no longer have any achy joints. My immune system is also a lot stronger, too. Thanks for your specific, up-to-date info.

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    Thank-You! I have a son that I self-diagnosed when he was 2. He has been healthy since changing his diet...He is now 6. Information about celiac disease, at the time we diagnosed him, was sketchy at best, as to what we needed to avoid eating. This list is so helpful and clear! Thanks again!

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  • About Me

    Celiac.com's Founder and CEO, Scott was diagnosed with celiac disease  in 1994, and, due to the nearly total lack of information available at that time, was forced to become an expert on the disease in order to recover. Scott launched the site that later became Celiac.com in 1995 "To help as many people as possible with celiac disease get diagnosed so they can begin to live happy, healthy gluten-free lives."  In 1998 he founded The Gluten-Free Mall which he sold in 2014. He is co-author of the book Cereal Killers, and founder and publisher of Journal of Gluten Sensitivity.

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