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Influence of HLA-DQ2 and DQ8 on Severity in Celiac Disease

Celiac.com 03/14/2012 - A group of researchers recently studied the ways in which HLA-DQ2 and DQ8 might influence the severity of celiac disease. Specifically, the team wanted to study HLA-DQA1 and DQB1 profiles in adults with different forms of celiac disease, including adults with complicated and potential celiac disease, the most seriously affected, and those with the best preserved histologic end of the pathologic celiac spectrum.

Photo: CC - rdecomThe researchers included F. Biagi, P.I. Bianchi, C. Vattiato, A. Marchese, L. Trotta, C. Badulli, A. De Silvestri, M. Martinetti, and G.R. Corazza. They are affiliated with the Coeliac Centre/First Department of Internal Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Italy. 

Patients with complicated celiac disease showed more HLA-DQB1*02 homozygosity than those with uncomplicated celiac disease.

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The team conducted HLA-DQA1 and DQB1 molecular typing for 218 adults with celiac disease. Of these, 169 had uncomplicated celiac disease, 27 had complicated celiac disease, and 22 had potential celiac disease. They used 224 healthy stem cell donors as a control group.

The team analyzed HLA-DQA1 and DQB1 gene polymorphism using polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primers and/or reverse polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific oligonucleotides. They found, as expected, that the frequency of HLA-DQB1*02 allele, DQB1*02 homozygosity, and DQB1*0302 gene were statistically different in the four groups.

However, multivariate analysis showed that patients with potential celiac disease have a higher frequency of both HLA-DQB1*0302 and HLA-DQB1*0603 alleles, along with a reduced frequency of DQB1*02 homozygosity, as compared with patients with uncomplicated and complicated CD.

The increased frequency of DQB1*0302 coupled with the reduced frequency of DQB1*02 homozygosity in potential celiac disease supports the idea that variations in clinical/pathologic expressions of celiac disease might reflect different immune system triggers. This observation could impact the way in which celiac disease is understood and studied in the future.

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3 Responses:

 
angelie
Rating: ratingfullratingfullratingfullratingfullratingfull Unrated
said this on
19 Mar 2012 7:03:21 PM PDT
I learn more.

 
Daiane
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said this on
19 Mar 2012 8:08:54 PM PDT
Excellent

 
Rhonda Jared
Rating: ratingfullratingfullratingfullratingfullratingfull Unrated
said this on
03 Apr 2012 12:42:07 PM PDT
2 copies of HLADQ8, 0302. Not sure what that means - allergy or celiac?




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I wish you lived near here, I have the greatest massage therapist she does Swedish style, She can loosen up the stressed tight muscles wonderfully, I am prone to getting knots in my shoulders and neck, so I have to have them worked out once a month otherwise they start to limit mobility and hurt.

Oh, I did.... was referred to pt which hasn't helped at all. My muscles are super tight and they supposedly are causing the back pain. No idea what originally caused the problem but it started a couple years ago and has just gotten worse.

Than you for your replies. You have given me a lot of think about?

Maybe you should have your back checked by a doctor, if the pain is constant and is not improving. You could be developing another AI issue like Ankylosing Spondylitis. At least consider trying to find the cause (compressions fractures, slipped disk, whatever).

A smart woman, our cycling lady is! I would heed her advice.