No popular authors found.
Ads by Google:

Categories

No categories found.


Get Celiac.com's E-Newsletter





Ads by Google:


Follow / Share


  FOLLOW US:
Twitter Facebook Google Plus Pinterest RSS Podcast Email  Get Email Alerts
SHARE:

Popular Articles

No popular articles found.
Celiac.com Sponsors:

Do Autoantibodies Play a Pathogenic Role in Celiac-associated Thrombophilia?

Celiac.com 06/03/2013 - Thrombophilias are defined as a group of inherited or acquired disorders that increase a person’s risk of developing thrombosis (abnormal “blood clotting”) in the veins or arteries.

Photo: CC--OberazziPeople with celiac disease may present with thromboembolic features that have multiple contributing factors, such as hyperhomocysteinemia, B12 andor folate deficiency, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase mutations, and protein C and S deficiency due to vitamin K deficiency.

However, there has been no research into how the well known thrombogenic factors, antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin and antiprothrombin relate to celiac disease.

A team of researchers recently studied the thrombophilic network of autoantibodies in celiac disease.

The research team included Aaron Lerner1, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Yinon Shapira, Boris Gilburd, Sandra Reuter, Idit Lavi and Yehuda Shoenfeld.

They are variously affiliated with Epidemiology and Community Medicine, and the Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit in the Carmel Medical Center of the B. Rappaport School of Medicine at the Technion-Israel institute of Technology in Haifa, Israel, with the Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune Diseases at Sheba Medical Center in Tel-Ashomer, Israel, and with Aira e.v./Aesku.Kipp Institute in Wendelsheim, Germany.

For their study, the team assessed blood autoantibody levels in 248 people, and then classified them into one of three groups.

Group 1 included 70 children with confirmed celiac disease. They averaged 7.04 years of age (±4.3 years), with a male to female ratio of 1.06 to 1.

Ads by Google:

Group 2 was a healthy control group that included 88 children, averaging 6.7 years of age (±4.17 years), with a male to female ratio 0.87 to 1.

The team then compared the pediatric population to group 3, which included 90 adults who were family members (parents) of group 1 (age: 34.6 ±11.35 years, male to female ratio 1.2). The check antibodies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results showed average optical density levels of serum antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin immunoglobulin G antibodies of 32.4 ±19.4, 3.6 ±2.5 and 16.1 ±15.8 absorbance units in groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively (P less than 0.0001), with 45.7%, 0% and 7.8% of groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively positive for the antibody (P less than 0.01).

Average optical density levels of serum antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin immunoglobulin M antibodies were 14.2 ±8.7, 6.7 ±6.4 and 12.4 ±15.5 absorbance units in groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively (P less than 0.0001), with 7.1%, 3.4% and 9.9% of groups 1, 2 and 3 positive for the antibody.

Average optical density levels of serum antiprothrombin and antiphospholipid immunoglobulin G antibodies were higher in groups 1 and 3 compared with 2 (P less than 0.005) and in groups 1 and 2 compared with 3 (P less than 0.01), respectively.

Groups 1, 2 and 3 tested positive for antiphospholipid immunoglobulin G antibodies (groups 1 and 2 compared with 3) . Celiac disease blood samples contain a higher antiprothrombin immunoglobulin G level compared with controls.

These results suggest that increased exposure of phospholipids or new epitopes representing autoantigens have their origins in the intestinal injury, endothelial dysfunction, platelet abnormality and enhanced apoptosis recently described in celiac disease.

Those autoantibodies might play a pathogenic role in celiac-associated thrombophilia, and may also make good targets for possible preventive anticoagulant therapy.

Source:

Celiac.com welcomes your comments below (registration is NOT required).












Related Articles



1 Response:

 
Helen
Rating: ratingfullratingfullratingfullratingemptyratingempty Unrated
said this on
11 Jun 2013 10:41:49 AM PDT
This seems like a very interesting article. Unfortunately, it will take me quite a while to make sense of it - with a lot of help from Wikipedia. I have biopsy and blood test confirmed coeliac disease and my grandmother died from a type of leukaemia associated with lack of platelets. I have often wondered if she had undiagnosed coeliac disease.




Rate this article and leave a comment:
Rating: * Poor Excellent
Your Name *: Email (private) *:




In Celiac.com's Forum Now:


It seems like you really need a concrete or near concrete answer so I would say maybe you ought to get the gene testing. Then you can decide on the gluten challenge. Thanks! I am convinced our dogs are there waiting for us. Meanwhile they are playing, running, laughing, barking & chas...

I can't help thinking that all of this would be so much easier if the doctor I went to 10 years ago would have done testing for celiac, rather than tell me I probably should avoid gluten. He was looking to sell allergy shots and hormone treatment, he had nothing to gain from me being diagnosed ce...

Most (90%-95%) patients with celiac disease have 1 or 2 copies of HLA-DQ2 haplotype (see below), while the remainder have HLA-DQ8 haplotype. Rare exceptions to these associations have been occasionally seen. In 1 study of celiac disease, only 0.7% of patients with celiac disease lacked the HLA al...

This is not quite as cut & dried as it sounds. Although rare, there are diagnosed celiacs who do not have either of those genes. Ravenwoodglass, who posted above, is one of those people. I think she has double DQ9 genes? Am I right Raven? My point is, that getting the gene testing is not an...

Why yes it is! jmg and myself are NCIS, I mean NCGS specialist/experts or is it NCGI people ourselves. posterboy,