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Gluten-Free Diet Recommended for Patients with Serum IgA Endomysial Antibodies but Normal Duodenal Villi Biopsy
The following abstract was submitted to celiac.com directly by William Dickey, Ph.D., a leading celiac disease researcher and gastroenterologist who practices at Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 2005; 40: 1240-3.
Dickey W, Hughes DF, McMillan SA.
Celiac.com 09/27/2005 - What does a positive endomysial antibody (EmA) test mean if the biopsy does not show villous atrophy? The authors studied 35 patients where this was the case. In the authors practice, these patients account for 10% of all EmA positives.
Firstly, the lack of villous atrophy did not necessarily mean a normal biopsy: 14 patients had excess inflammatory cells (lymphocytes) consistent with a mild abnormality of gluten sensitivity.
After discussion, 27 patients opted to take a gluten-free diet from the first biopsy: 26 of these had clinical improvement. Seven of eight patients who persisted with a normal diet developed villous atrophy on follow-up biopsies.
The authors conclude that a positive EmA result indicates gluten sensitivity even if biopsies do not show villous atrophy. While a biopsy remains important as a baseline reference, these patients should be offered a gluten-free diet to allow clinical improvement and prevent the development of villous atrophy. There may be no such thing as a "false positive" EmA, although the authors emphasise that the same conclusion cannot yet be applied to tissue transglutaminase antibody results.
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Does a Gluten-free Diet Help Asymptomatic Patients with Serologic Markers of Celiac Disease?
A team of researchers recently set out to assess the benefits of a gluten-free diet for people whose blood screens show markers for celiac disease, but who show no physical symptoms.... [READ MORE]
Assessing Celiac Disease in Patients with Positive Tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies and Negative Endomysial Antibodies
A group of researchers recently set out to study cases of positive tissue transglutaminase antibodies with negative endomysial antibodies to determine whether or not such cases amount to celiac disease.... [READ MORE]
Gluten-free Diet and Quality of Life in Patients with Screen-detected Celiac Disease
The following Medline abstract describes
a unique study that was done on the quality of life of two groups of people
with celiac disease: One that was diagnosed as the result of having symptoms,
and the other which had little or no symptoms and whose diagnosis was
reached via screen-detection.... [READ MORE]
In 1994 I was diagnosed with celiac disease, which led me to create Celiac.com in 1995. I created this site for a single purpose: To help as many people as possible with celiac disease get diagnosed so they can begin to live happy, healthy gluten-free lives. Celiac.com was the first site on the Internet dedicated solely to celiac disease. In 1998 I foundedÂ The Gluten-Free Mall, Your Special Diet Superstore!, and I am the co-author of the book Cereal Killers, and founder and publisher of Journal of Gluten Sensitivity.View all articles by Scott Adams