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Diabetes and Celiac Disease

This category contains summaries of research articles that deal with diabetes and it's association with celiac disease. Most of the articles are research summaries that include the original source of the summary.

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    New Journal of Pediatrics study deals with diabetic kids with celiac disease.
    Children who have both type 1 diabetes and celiac disease, and who also delay a gluten-free diet are about as healthy as kids with type 1 diabetes alone, according to a report in the Journal of Pediatrics.


    To screen or not to screen diebetics for celiac disease?
    Modern scientists agree that scientific evidence connects celiac disease with Type 1 Diabetes. What scientists fail to agree on is what to do about the connection between the two autoimmune diseases. Some scientists promote celiac screening for all patients with type 1 Diabetes, while other scientists disagree.


    Photo: CC/Horia Varlan
    There is mounting evidence that people with Type 1 diabetes are at high risk for celiac disease. Even with that knowledge, it is estimated that 97% of people with celiac disease go undiagnosed, which begs the question,  'should there be routine screening for celiac disease in those with type 1 diabetes'? Dr. Speiser and Dr. Rosenzweig explore the question  the further.

    Researchers have found that celiac disease often precedes Type 1 diabetes in children with both conditions, and that up to 10% of children with Type 1 have clinical celiac disease, according to findings presented at Gastro 2009 in London, UK by T. Hansson of Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden.

    Scientists at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute and the University of Ottawa found that nearly half of patients with type 1 diabetes showed an abnormal immune response to wheat proteins.

    Could a reduced level of antibodies against infectious agents indicate a protective role for such infections in T1DM development in susceptible individuals? Recent research points in that direction.

    People with certain genetic markers may be more likely to develop adverse gut-reactions, which may help trigger the development of other immune problems, such as Type 1 diabetes, according to Dr. Fraser Scott, a member of the research team and a senior scientist at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute.

    Due to seemingly low rates of beta-cell autoimmunity among children with celiac disease, there is no need to screen these children for diabetes-related antibodies, according to a report by Italian doctors in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

    About 10% of children and 2% of adults with Type 1 diabetes also have celiac disease, as compared to just 1% of the general population. Moreover, celiac disease and diabetes are known to have a common genetic susceptibility locus in the HLA system, specifically, HLA class II alleles on chromosome six.

    This study investigated the effect of screening detected celiac disease in type I diabetic children in a multi-center case-control fashion. The research team consisted of B Rami, Z Sumni, E Schober et al from Austria, Czech Republic, and Slovenia, among other European countries. The team compared 98 diabetics with silent celiac disease to 196 control diabetics without celiac matched for age, sex, diabetes duration. Mean age at diabetes diagnosis was 6.5 yrs, celiac diagnosis was 10.0 yrs. HbA1c, hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis, insulin dosage, body-mass index, and height did not differ between cases and controls. After diagnosis of celiac disease, weight gain was diminished in boys with celiac disease compared to their controls.

    Celiac.com 08/14/2007 - A study on the effects of a gluten-free diet versus a gluten-enriched diet

    Celiac.com 07/10/2007 - Studies have shown children with Type 1 diabetes to have a greater risk

    Celiac.com 06/08/2007 - This study shows that celiac disease is as common among British Columbians

    Celiac.com 12/28/2006 - The American Diabetes Associations (ADA) Clinical Practice Recommendation

    Celiac.com 11/07/2006 – In the first multi-country population based study of its kind, Dani

    Arch Dis Child 2004;89:871-876. Celiac.com 07/12/2005 – Australian researchers have determi

    Diabetologia. 2005 Apr 14 Celiac.com 04/29/2005 – According to Italian researchers an impr

    Celiac.com 02/25/2005 - Today a team of scientists at Alba Therapeutics Corporation and the Unive

    Diabetes Care 2004;27:1294-1298. Celiac.com 11/29/2004 - In an effort to determine the prevalence

    Celiac.com 10/28/2004 - The following study demonstrates a connection between the length of time

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