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The Funny Pages - Tickle Me Elbow - The Original

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Bunnie! As I was sitting down to dinner, I suddenly yelled, "Ah!! Bunnie's tooth! I meant to post her a response, and forgot!" So, I rushed through, wolfing down great, heaping ladles of food, shovelling it in, throwing back me wine, and I'm here. :):rolleyes:

I've had this situation a couple of times - - once, a big hunk of filling came off a back molar (Friday at 5 pm), and more recently, a filling started to crumble apart, little by little (also Friday night, 6 pm.....unbelievable).....no pain in either case. I carefully chewed my food on the opposite side all weekend, and got into my dentist Monday afternoon. I would think you'll be okay until then . . . . ..

Now! Wasn't that incredible advice worth waiting for?? <_<:lol:

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Bunnie! As I was sitting down to dinner, I suddenly yelled, "Ah!! Bunnie's tooth! I meant to post her a response, and forgot!" So, I rushed through, wolfing down great, heaping ladles of food, shovelling it in, throwing back me wine, and I'm here. :):rolleyes:

I've had this situation a couple of times - - once, a big hunk of filling came off a back molar (Friday at 5 pm), and more recently, a filling started to crumble apart, little by little (also Friday night, 6 pm.....unbelievable).....no pain in either case. I carefully chewed my food on the opposite side all weekend, and got into my dentist Monday afternoon. I would think you'll be okay until then . . . . ..

Now! Wasn't that incredible advice worth waiting for?? <_<:lol:

i make sure I heve dental insurance for all of my llamas, especially fluffy. on thanksgiving I swallowed half my tooth and filling and didn't even notice. I just chewed my thanksgiving dinner on the other side. This tooth thing is very common among psillies, due to our situation, and deterioration of the enamel. If you are in your golden (or silver) years, I suggest gold caps. it may be expensive, but if you ever need to pay for anything expensive and are short on cash ( like gluten-free foods!) you can simply offer your teeth as payment. Marlene Dietrich actually pulled out all her molars so she could have a beautiful jawline. Then when she got a double chin she put a silver chain around it to lift it up.

So Chins up!

BTW whats this thing about me ahving an identity crisis? I know exactly who i am I am who I am , I only have one question:

Do Llamas get celiac?????

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Phermented Phlora and de-phlaming posh phig candle phyres phrantically

oh BRILLIANT JULES!!!!!!!!!! :lol: x 10

You can't DO this to me!!! You know I'm just too nosy fer me own good !

Soooooze . . .. . . . .. did you finally meet one of the guys that you've been putting off a set-up with??... . . . ....and he's amazing??? Oh, I DO hope so .. . . . ..

Nope, but, it involves the first great love of my life......... :wub: Who is now just about to sign the divorce papers....... ;)

that's all I'll say, for now :P

What kind of hint is that?

Could be that Llamalady is having an identity crisis and thinks she's a duck

One thing I did notice is the name of the creator of the video........Burton Earny.........Burt and Ernie........SESAME STREET! I think this is a very important clue to our mysterious Llamalady!

*SNACKLE* :lol: x 10

I know, what in hell are these hints she gives us?????? :wacko:

You know, there's someone with a tooth situation over here!!!! Can I get some attention please?

*bunnie hopping around w/ broken tooth, just shameful.

gahhhhhhh! :lol: :lol: Poor Bunnie!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

I agree with the advice given, I'd just wait if it doesn't hurt.....I have a mouth full of amalgams and don't seem to suffer too much from it but......who knows? maybe I"d have an entirely different personality if I didn't have them? :lol::unsure:

Does this have anything to do with A$$hat?.........Did he have a date with Lorraina Bobbit?

oh my gaaaaaaaawd!!!!!!!!! Your mouth to God's ear, you silly!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! :lol: :lol: :lol:

what joy that gave me!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

i make sure I heve dental insurance for all of my llamas, especially fluffy. on thanksgiving I swallowed half my tooth and filling and didn't even notice. I just chewed my thanksgiving dinner on the other side. This tooth thing is very common among psillies, due to our situation, and deterioration of the enamel. If you are in your golden (or silver) years, I suggest gold caps. it may be expensive, but if you ever need to pay for anything expensive and are short on cash ( like gluten-free foods!) you can simply offer your teeth as payment. Marlene Dietrich actually pulled out all her molars so she could have a beautiful jawline. Then when she got a double chin she put a silver chain around it to lift it up.

So Chins up!

:blink: WHAT? did she really do this?

I think Llamas DO get Celiac, if fed a constant gluten-filled diet, didn't we cover this before??? :lol:

I have a friend named Fluffy Kat :lol:

Hey, we discussed Jess's rehearsal period, I think, but not the play? Remember, it was all the half-empty wine glasses on her headboard, and her exhaustion :lol:

SILLIES!!!!!!!!! New Year's Day............ :wub: that's all I'm sayin' for now

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Marlene Dietrich actually pulled out all her molars so she could have a beautiful jawline.

Holy crap....... . . have always heard rumours about the personality of this strange, tragic diva of the silver screen..... . ..She must have been very disappointed in the results of her extraction project. Can you imagine how your jawline would look after ripping all the big molars outta yer face? :blink:

Huge. Swollen..... . .... Purple and black. For a long time. And then, forever recessed, pocketed. . . . . . ...

EWWW!

:lol:

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SILLIES!!!!!!!!! New Year's Day............ :wub: that's all I'm sayin' for now

I'm on the edge o'me seat B)

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Holy crap....... . . have always heard rumours about the personality of this strange, tragic diva of the silver screen..... . ..She must have been very disappointed in the results of her extraction project. Can you imagine how your jawline would look after ripping all the big molars outta yer face? :blink:

Huge. Swollen..... . .... Purple and black. For a long time. And then, forever recessed, pocketed. . . . . . ...

EWWW!

:lol: :lol: Yes, crazy.........um, is she the one who always wanted to be alone? became quite reclusive and was rarely seen again? Oh wait - that was the gluten-brained Greta Garbo. Bless her, I am just SURE she was a gluten brain.....

I'm on the edge o'me seat B)

GAH!!!!!!!!!! You're telling me!!!!! I have to wait until THURSDAY for this!!!!!!!!!! :lol: (saw him today, that's all I'm sayin') B)

I love to torture me sillies :lol:

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Bunnie! As I was sitting down to dinner, I suddenly yelled, "Ah!! Bunnie's tooth! I meant to post her a response, and forgot!" So, I rushed through, wolfing down great, heaping ladles of food, shovelling it in, throwing back me wine, and I'm here. :):rolleyes:

I've had this situation a couple of times - - once, a big hunk of filling came off a back molar (Friday at 5 pm), and more recently, a filling started to crumble apart, little by little (also Friday night, 6 pm.....unbelievable).....no pain in either case. I carefully chewed my food on the opposite side all weekend, and got into my dentist Monday afternoon. I would think you'll be okay until then . . . . ..

Now! Wasn't that incredible advice worth waiting for?? <_<:lol:

Of course! Well, at least it's Saturday! I think I'll be fine. Did your dentist remove the amalgam safely and get you new pearly white stuff instead of the EVIL mercury?

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Hee! Sillies--I'm watching "Failure to Launch" right now......if you've ever seen it, the phirst 5 minuts or so of the philm IS me phamily!!! :lol: Uncanny--it's like somebody's been spyin' on us :P

Too phunny :lol:

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GAH!!!!!!!!!! You're telling me!!!!! I have to wait until THURSDAY for this!!!!!!!!!! :lol: (saw him today, that's all I'm sayin') B)

TELL US MORE!! :lol: Did you sit and chatter away wif him? What did he smell like? How big were his thumbs??

Did your dentist remove the amalgam safely and get you new pearly white stuff instead of the EVIL mercury?

Yes, exactly! Nice, strong, white stuff, both times.......very little drilling.

Not cheap, though. . . . .... :angry:

Hee! Sillies--I'm watching "Failure to Launch" right now......if you've ever seen it, the phirst 5 minuts or so of the philm IS me phamily!!! :lol: Uncanny--it's like somebody's been spyin' on us

OMG.....Patti! You got Mathhew Machonnahey hangin' around yer place??? Gonna hafta plan another trip down Philly way, fo sho... . . . . . .. !!

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Hello Psillies!!!! Hope everyone had a very Merry Christmas, Happy Hanukkah and fun whatever you did. I've missed so much (but I sense Psusie met a boy :D)

Christmas was lovely (but a MAR-A-THON) EGADS! For those of you who know me taste in movies, it was a Tudor Christmas. Kurt gave me both Elizabeth movies and the DVD of Season 1 of the Tudors from Showtime (it's gooooddddd!!!!!!!!).

I have major tendonitis in both shoulders (medication side effect) so I'm sleeping a lot and talking pain meds. Blech- hope it goes away soon! I hope everyone is well- need a Lisa summary and Susie's frothy drink!

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Of course! Well, at least it's Saturday! I think I'll be fine. Did your dentist remove the amalgam safely and get you new pearly white stuff instead of the EVIL mercury?

:huh: Um.....have had SEVERAL amalgam fillings removed, the normal way, not in the "safe protocol" and filled w/ pearly white glue stuff.......never felt any different before or after the fillings ;) Never noticed or cared that old, decayed mercury was slipping down me throat :ph34r:

Hee! Sillies--I'm watching "Failure to Launch" right now......if you've ever seen it, the phirst 5 minuts or so of the philm IS me phamily!!! :lol: Uncanny--it's like somebody's been spyin' on us :P

Too phunny

wait - first five minutes - is that in the furniture store? testing the La-z-boys? that's all I can remember about the beginning - - are you saying that in your family, you go furniture shopping a lot??? :lol:

TELL US MORE!! Did you sit and chatter away wif him? What did he smell like? How big were his thumbs??

:lol: :lol: In the thirty years I've known him, he has always smelled delish......and, we chattered away for two hours with his two DAUGHTERS there.......thumbs are beyond adequate, thank you ;)

Don't get too excited - - the papers ain't signed yet and.....I'm a bit jaded about not-quite-divorced A$$HATS <_<

and he only lives here three days a week....

sillies - - he is going to be my FRIEND, as I grew up down the street from him and trust and know him immensely ;)I have made out with two of his six brothers :ph34r: in high school/college...... :lol: :lol: *snort*

We have a long history together, and that is quite comforting, but we haven't spent time together in 15 years.........

and I am a CRANKY old lady :lol:

but I do love to titillate me sillies :lol:

My house is lying to me - - it says 70 degrees (bikini weather for Nik) on thermostat - - is about 40 outside - - fingers are blue and can barely type.........SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO cold :blink:

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:o

:lol:

:lol:

Did you guys see Llama Lady's signature????? it says

"psilly page member"

:lol:

and it says

"celiac (duh)"

*snort*

:lol:

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:o

but WAIT!!!!!! I've known my friend for MORE than 30 years, I've just realized how OLD I am, it's more like......THIRTY-FOUR years

:huh:

BEVEL!!!!!!!!!! HALLOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! :wub: we've missed you!!

I MUST watch this Tudors series, everyone loves it......

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Bunnie, hunnie, I got no advice. Never had a cavity :rolleyes:

The cast party was at Oliver's house. OMG!! Remember me telling you about Allen Cove from my walks and the houses so big they look like three houses put together??? ONE OF THOSE! Kitchen the size of my kitchen and dining room put together, formal dining room, sitting area around the fireplace, huge picture windows onto the cove, laundry/butler's pantry/spare kitchen something, utility/mudroom, and then there's the upstairs!!

Gads.

Susie! Leave him alone! You play it totally cool and let him chase you. You are well worth catching and you need to let him figure that out.

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Hi everybody! Too tired to do much more than that......hi.....will catch up later :)

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Hi, Bevvie!!! Sorry about yer shoulders. . . . . . ...this sucks. But you sound wonderful!! :):wub:

"Psilly page member". :lol: Way to go, LL!!

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One more fun thing for you.

My neighbor, who was also in the play, was waiting for me to get ready to leave (we carpooled) and he looked over at one of the moms and said "hey, she looks just like one of the pink ladies in grease!" To which I responded Dashiell's mom? Yeah, looks just like her...

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:lol:

to all of you 8 members reading now, I haven't found what I am looking for.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2fBj2wsimvQ

i'm looking for a reliepf from this bl0ating...

i really care about your tooth bunnie, but i care about these things first:

1:Llamas :D

2:myself :lol:

3:explosions (of my belly):unsure:

4:Fritos :P

5:COKE (the soda you nimrods!) :rolleyes:

6:the mercury I swallowed... or at least I think I did...? :D

7:Psillies

8:new year resolutions

9:finding the perfect gluten-free, nut free cookie (or pie or cake!)

10:bunnie's teeth

...

...

...

...

99999999999: Patrick Swazye :P

Llama

Llady

Ps. psawer, or another mod out there, can you add a llama smiley to the smiley list?

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Ps. psawer, or another mod out there, can you add a llama smiley to the smiley list?

Could you, perhaps, describe desired llama smiley? A furry snout? An eared grin?

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Bevel :wub: Poopy cow on yer shoulder pain but a Tudor Christmas sounds fab, and Jonathan Rhys-Meyers es el hubba-hubba!!!! Laminate list ;)

Hugs to you and pheel better soon!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

One more fun thing for you.

My neighbor, who was also in the play, was waiting for me to get ready to leave (we carpooled) and he looked over at one of the moms and said "hey, she looks just like one of the pink ladies in grease!" To which I responded Dashiell's mom? Yeah, looks just like her...

:lol: She was a Pink Lady!!!!

Loved her in Empty Nest, that used to be one of my fave shows way back when.

Sorry Bunnie, I know nawt of things related to teefs/toofs. But hopefully you got some good advice suggestions from everyone else.

Hi Theresa!!!!

Llama lady, activated charcoal might provide temporary relief from bloating. It binds to and soaks up all the gaseaousness. I use it when I get the dreaded gas bomb bloat and it usually does the trick. Other than that I tend ot stay away from the phoods that cause me the belly bloat (different for everybody)

I see Ptaughaughm, hee hee.

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:lol: She was a Pink Lady!!!!

Loved her in Empty Nest, that used to be one of my fave shows way back when.

Mine too! Loved Christie McNichol! :)

Her son is a great kid (which is the way I judge all adults - by how their kids turned out). She teaches acting workshops at one of the other theaters on the island (dang we're an artsy bunch).

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i really care about your tooth bunnie, but i care about these things first:

hey....the psillies came in at 7th place.......not too bad :P

I been thinkin about Llama Llady's wackl Llama/duck video and the Bert and Ernie/Sesame Street reference.........duck.......sesame street..........can mean only one thing................LlamaLlady is Big Bird!!!!! :lol:

Bev's psillie psummary to follow.......

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OK........flashback to the day before Christmas Eve day......

pretty much anything can be successfully crocked

Em's posh dress tucked in her knickers? :o

phrigid mornings

Cacklevilly and Snackleborough

What's a Chesmus? :huh:

Dysfunctional Christmas carols :ph34r:

Frothy the Juiceman....need an inebriated emoticon*hic*

Nik's Chinese laundry

Al tracking Santa

Jess's official holiday song of Sillieville ♫♪....a Queen Amanda proclamation

Gia-knit?... :unsure: ....knocking over kids to get to the computer, and...... :o flashing?

Nicki and her mulled wine.....and more mulled wine......and more mulled wine (batch #3?...are you sure?)....and more........................*hic*

gluten-free goodies and drool faces..........creme de menthe brownies for breakfast?

Sillie love proclamations :wub:

Weeze's wee barf episode

Li'l drunken Twa...*hic*

day-after-Christmas comas

Happy Boxing Day!

Happy Birthday, Jack!

Suzie has 2 yrs to find and divorce her husband

Psillies back in the bosom ^_^

Movies and more movies

more goodies, more spirits, more chips............miserable sillies

healthy brownie salad

MIL is gone!.......damage minimal....one dead radio and one dented fender

Llama Llady poop in! :o

Phermented Phlora

Henry VIII's psillie writing proves Psillies are royalty :P

Psillie dreams.......Nik....you were supposed to tell us the dream! <_<

Suzie has portentious dream and then finds lost love

So basically.......psillies ate, and ate, drank, got a little sillie, got a little sentimental, ate more, drank more, feeling tired, bleh, and bloated, and finally......coma induced psillie dreams

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WHAT??? why are you BLOWING OUT yer candles phrantically??????????

you silly, you are supposed to keep them LIT longer. :lol: That was the whole point of me candle-use lecture.

I got two HUGE posh candles for christmas, lit one this morning early as knew it had to burn for several hours. Smells lurvely.

NO psilly!!!!!!!!!!

The new posh candles had been burning for 3 hrs when I read your lecture! :o ......measured 'em and realised they were 3 INCHES WIDE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ABORTED BURNING IMMEDIATELY!!!!!

Um, jealous of yer HUGE posh ones <_<:lol:

last night I dreamed I was with Patrick Swayze and his wife, on some small boat in the Caribbean, they made me call in "late" to work at some receptionist job I had, and wouldn't let me go back to shore..... : They were really lovely, just wouldn't let me go back and told me it made no sense to go in late.

The waters were that really gorgeous, clear blue, with large creatures swimming beneath.....

what does it mean???????

OH!!!

I am sad about Patrick :( ........ I fell in love with him in Dirty Dancing (possibly in my top 5 of all time fave movies)

NO IDEA what this dream meant BUT...GAHHH!!!!!!!!!!!!! Forgot to tell ALL about me dream with SOOZLE in it.......

'WE' (Soozle and I ) were private detectives ...*giggle*......we were based in my home town, we had a little red car, and a dusty ( :lol: ) office with our surnames etched into the glass pane in the door ...'' B & C Private Investigators''

Oh dear gaaaawd, we were crap :lol:

Constantly arguing over WHO drove the little red car (Susan's so pushy, you know??) and our surveillance methods, WHAT phood to take on a 'stake out' :lol:

What does that mean????? :unsure:

Nope, but, it involves the first great love of my life......... :wub: Who is now just about to sign the divorce papers....... ;)

SILLIES!!!!!!!!! New Year's Day............ that's all I'm sayin' for now

Wracking me brain to see if you've ever mentioned your first great love ..... NOT 'R' (one daughter)

Are you meeting him New Years eve????? :unsure:

Tell us the first letter of his name PLEEEEEEAAAAASE!!!!!!!!!! :lol:

**********************************

Llama Laydee's posts crack me up !! :lol: ......she plays wiv us!!

Oh me Bevel!!!!! {{{{{hugs}}}}}} :wub: (I love her!)

GAH! Crumblin' fillings in yer teef, ...happened many a time :ph34r: (& I ain't even got the excuse of coeliac and bad teef......p'raps I'm just 'terribly afflicted' by 'British teef')

Over here, you can buy 'temporary filling' paste at the pharmacy 'til you can get to a dentist.

Drowning in a sea of Turkey here...... cats are like ''pleeeeease. we'd like some fish/other meat NOW''

...... so we're having roast CHICKEN TODAY (HURRAH!!!!).....with christmassy trimmings (roast parsnips, sprouts etc...etc)

No gym 'til aft New Year....no point EVEN attempting selph control 'til that's out of the way I say!!!!

OMG!! Almost phorgot!!!!, My bestest EVER friend (who moved away from London to the countryside - so I only see her every couple of months now) MADE me a hamper WITH home made fudges, chutneys AND jams (all fruit and veg she grew in her garden herself!)....presented BEAUTIFULLY with muslin tops to the jars with ribbons ........SO FANTASTIC!!!

It's the thought that's gone into it that pleases me SO! (NOT the amount spent!).........I am out of MY MIND with GLEE for it!!!!!!!!!!!!! :lol:

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Mornin', Psillies!

Nik! What a bee-ooootiful gift from yer bestest friend! :wub: So special. . . . .....

Nicola and Susan, Private Investigations Incorporated. . . . .... :lol::lol:

Can just see you two crammed into a tiny car, careening along those crazed London Streets. . .. . ...

So basically.......psillies ate, and ate, drank, got a little sillie, got a little sentimental, ate more, drank more, feeling tired, bleh, and bloated, and finally......coma induced psillie dreams

Yup.....nuthin' new over the holidays 'round here . .. ...

:lol:

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    Serve is a bowl with tortilla chips and guacamole.

    Dr. Ron Hoggan, Ed.D.
    Celiac.com 06/15/2018 - There seems to be widespread agreement in the published medical research reports that stuttering is driven by abnormalities in the brain. Sometimes these are the result of brain injuries resulting from a stroke. Other types of brain injuries can also result in stuttering. Patients with Parkinson’s disease who were treated with stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus, an area of the brain that regulates some motor functions, experienced a return or worsening of stuttering that improved when the stimulation was turned off (1). Similarly, stroke has also been reported in association with acquired stuttering (2). While there are some reports of psychological mechanisms underlying stuttering, a majority of reports seem to favor altered brain morphology and/or function as the root of stuttering (3). Reports of structural differences between the brain hemispheres that are absent in those who do not stutter are also common (4). About 5% of children stutter, beginning sometime around age 3, during the phase of speech acquisition. However, about 75% of these cases resolve without intervention, before reaching their teens (5). Some cases of aphasia, a loss of speech production or understanding, have been reported in association with damage or changes to one or more of the language centers of the brain (6). Stuttering may sometimes arise from changes or damage to these same language centers (7). Thus, many stutterers have abnormalities in the same regions of the brain similar to those seen in aphasia.
    So how, you may ask, is all this related to gluten? As a starting point, one report from the medical literature identifies a patient who developed aphasia after admission for severe diarrhea. By the time celiac disease was diagnosed, he had completely lost his faculty of speech. However, his speech and normal bowel function gradually returned after beginning a gluten free diet (8). This finding was so controversial at the time of publication (1988) that the authors chose to remain anonymous. Nonetheless, it is a valuable clue that suggests gluten as a factor in compromised speech production. At about the same time (late 1980’s) reports of connections between untreated celiac disease and seizures/epilepsy were emerging in the medical literature (9).
    With the advent of the Internet a whole new field of anecdotal information was emerging, connecting a variety of neurological symptoms to celiac disease. While many medical practitioners and researchers were casting aspersions on these assertions, a select few chose to explore such claims using scientific research designs and methods. While connections between stuttering and gluten consumption seem to have been overlooked by the medical research community, there is a rich literature on the Internet that cries out for more structured investigation of this connection. Conversely, perhaps a publication bias of the peer review process excludes work that explores this connection.
    Whatever the reason that stuttering has not been reported in the medical literature in association with gluten ingestion, a number of personal disclosures and comments suggesting a connection between gluten and stuttering can be found on the Internet. Abid Hussain, in an article about food allergy and stuttering said: “The most common food allergy prevalent in stutterers is that of gluten which has been found to aggravate the stutter” (10). Similarly, Craig Forsythe posted an article that includes five cases of self-reporting individuals who believe that their stuttering is or was connected to gluten, one of whom also experiences stuttering from foods containing yeast (11). The same site contains one report of a stutterer who has had no relief despite following a gluten free diet for 20 years (11). Another stutterer, Jay88, reports the complete disappearance of her/his stammer on a gluten free diet (12). Doubtless there are many more such anecdotes to be found on the Internet* but we have to question them, exercising more skepticism than we might when reading similar claims in a peer reviewed scientific or medical journal.
    There are many reports in such journals connecting brain and neurological ailments with gluten, so it is not much of a stretch, on that basis alone, to suspect that stuttering may be a symptom of the gluten syndrome. Rodney Ford has even characterized celiac disease as an ailment that may begin through gluten-induced neurological damage (13) and Marios Hadjivassiliou and his group of neurologists and neurological investigators have devoted considerable time and effort to research that reveals gluten as an important factor in a majority of neurological diseases of unknown origin (14) which, as I have pointed out previously, includes most neurological ailments.
    My own experience with stuttering is limited. I stuttered as a child when I became nervous, upset, or self-conscious. Although I have been gluten free for many years, I haven’t noticed any impact on my inclination to stutter when upset. I don’t know if they are related, but I have also had challenges with speaking when distressed and I have noticed a substantial improvement in this area since removing gluten from my diet. Nonetheless, I have long wondered if there is a connection between gluten consumption and stuttering. Having done the research for this article, I would now encourage stutterers to try a gluten free diet for six months to see if it will reduce or eliminate their stutter. Meanwhile, I hope that some investigator out there will research this matter, publish her findings, and start the ball rolling toward getting some definitive answers to this question.
    Sources:
    1. Toft M, Dietrichs E. Aggravated stuttering following subthalamic deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease--two cases. BMC Neurol. 2011 Apr 8;11:44.
    2. Tani T, Sakai Y. Stuttering after right cerebellar infarction: a case study. J Fluency Disord. 2010 Jun;35(2):141-5. Epub 2010 Mar 15.
    3. Lundgren K, Helm-Estabrooks N, Klein R. Stuttering Following Acquired Brain Damage: A Review of the Literature. J Neurolinguistics. 2010 Sep 1;23(5):447-454.
    4. Jäncke L, Hänggi J, Steinmetz H. Morphological brain differences between adult stutterers and non-stutterers. BMC Neurol. 2004 Dec 10;4(1):23.
    5. Kell CA, Neumann K, von Kriegstein K, Posenenske C, von Gudenberg AW, Euler H, Giraud AL. How the brain repairs stuttering. Brain. 2009 Oct;132(Pt 10):2747-60. Epub 2009 Aug 26.
    6. Galantucci S, Tartaglia MC, Wilson SM, Henry ML, Filippi M, Agosta F, Dronkers NF, Henry RG, Ogar JM, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. White matter damage in primary progressive aphasias: a diffusion tensor tractography study. Brain. 2011 Jun 11.
    7. Lundgren K, Helm-Estabrooks N, Klein R. Stuttering Following Acquired Brain Damage: A Review of the Literature. J Neurolinguistics. 2010 Sep 1;23(5):447-454.
    8. [No authors listed] Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Weekly clinicopathological exercises. Case 43-1988. A 52-year-old man with persistent watery diarrhea and aphasia. N Engl J Med. 1988 Oct 27;319(17):1139-48
    9. Molteni N, Bardella MT, Baldassarri AR, Bianchi PA. Celiac disease associated with epilepsy and intracranial calcifications: report of two patients. Am J Gastroenterol. 1988 Sep;83(9):992-4.
    10. http://ezinearticles.com/?Food-Allergy-and-Stuttering-Link&id=1235725 
    11. http://www.craig.copperleife.com/health/stuttering_allergies.htm 
    12. https://www.celiac.com/forums/topic/73362-any-help-is-appreciated/
    13. Ford RP. The gluten syndrome: a neurological disease. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Sep;73(3):438-40. Epub 2009 Apr 29.
    14. Hadjivassiliou M, Gibson A, Davies-Jones GA, Lobo AJ, Stephenson TJ, Milford-Ward A. Does cryptic gluten sensitivity play a part in neurological illness? Lancet. 1996 Feb 10;347(8998):369-71.

    Jefferson Adams
    Celiac.com 06/14/2018 - Refractory celiac disease type II (RCDII) is a rare complication of celiac disease that has high death rates. To diagnose RCDII, doctors identify a clonal population of phenotypically aberrant intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs). 
    However, researchers really don’t have much data regarding the frequency and significance of clonal T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements (TCR-GRs) in small bowel (SB) biopsies of patients without RCDII. Such data could provide useful comparison information for patients with RCDII, among other things.
    To that end, a research team recently set out to try to get some information about the frequency and importance of clonal T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements (TCR-GRs) in small bowel (SB) biopsies of patients without RCDII. The research team included Shafinaz Hussein, Tatyana Gindin, Stephen M Lagana, Carolina Arguelles-Grande, Suneeta Krishnareddy, Bachir Alobeid, Suzanne K Lewis, Mahesh M Mansukhani, Peter H R Green, and Govind Bhagat.
    They are variously affiliated with the Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, and the Department of Medicine at the Celiac Disease Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA. Their team analyzed results of TCR-GR analyses performed on SB biopsies at our institution over a 3-year period, which were obtained from eight active celiac disease, 172 celiac disease on gluten-free diet, 33 RCDI, and three RCDII patients and 14 patients without celiac disease. 
    Clonal TCR-GRs are not infrequent in cases lacking features of RCDII, while PCPs are frequent in all disease phases. TCR-GR results should be assessed in conjunction with immunophenotypic, histological and clinical findings for appropriate diagnosis and classification of RCD.
    The team divided the TCR-GR patterns into clonal, polyclonal and prominent clonal peaks (PCPs), and correlated these patterns with clinical and pathological features. In all, they detected clonal TCR-GR products in biopsies from 67% of patients with RCDII, 17% of patients with RCDI and 6% of patients with gluten-free diet. They found PCPs in all disease phases, but saw no significant difference in the TCR-GR patterns between the non-RCDII disease categories (p=0.39). 
    They also noted a higher frequency of surface CD3(−) IELs in cases with clonal TCR-GR, but the PCP pattern showed no associations with any clinical or pathological feature. 
    Repeat biopsy showed that the clonal or PCP pattern persisted for up to 2 years with no evidence of RCDII. The study indicates that better understanding of clonal T cell receptor gene rearrangements may help researchers improve refractory celiac diagnosis. 
    Source:
    Journal of Clinical Pathologyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jclinpath-2018-205023