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      Frequently Asked Questions About Celiac Disease   09/30/2015

      This Celiac.com FAQ on celiac disease will guide you to all of the basic information you will need to know about the disease, its diagnosis, testing methods, a gluten-free diet, etc.   Subscribe to FREE Celiac.com email alerts What are the major symptoms of celiac disease? Celiac Disease Symptoms What testing is available for celiac disease? - list blood tests, endo with biopsy, genetic test and enterolab (not diagnostic) Celiac Disease Screening Interpretation of Celiac Disease Blood Test Results Can I be tested even though I am eating gluten free? How long must gluten be taken for the serological tests to be meaningful? The Gluten-Free Diet 101 - A Beginner's Guide to Going Gluten-Free Is celiac inherited? Should my children be tested? Ten Facts About Celiac Disease Genetic Testing Is there a link between celiac and other autoimmune diseases? Celiac Disease Research: Associated Diseases and Disorders Is there a list of gluten foods to avoid? Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients) Is there a list of gluten free foods? Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients) Gluten-Free Alcoholic Beverages Distilled Spirits (Grain Alcohols) and Vinegar: Are they Gluten-Free? Where does gluten hide? Additional Things to Beware of to Maintain a 100% Gluten-Free Diet Free recipes: Gluten-Free Recipes Where can I buy gluten-free stuff? Support this site by shopping at The Celiac.com Store.

Missed Diagnosis?
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4 posts in this topic

This is my first post here, but I've learned so much by reading here over the past month or so.

My 7yo son was diagnosed via endoscopy last year with a slight gluten sensitivity that was causing acid reflux. Up until that point, I hadn't really given gluten much thought, but we decided the whole family should go gluten free to support my son. At that point, problems that had plagued me my whole life cleared up, including bloating, constipation, and joint pain. I followed a 95% gluten-free diet since last October. I would eat breading on chicken, restaurant french fries, etc with no problem, other than some bloating for an hour or two. Then over the last 8 months, my symptoms started to get much worse whenever I would consume small amounts of gluten. It progressed to stomach cramps, itching on my torso, and a "punched in the gut" feeling. Also, I started reacting to much smaller amounts of gluten than I did previously. When I mentioned this to my son's pediatric GI doc a few weeks ago, he strongly encouraged me to get tested for celiac. Knowing that i have the disease will impact my son's treatment and prognosis for the future.

However, the adult doc I was referred to doesn't seem to be as knowledgeable about celiac and gluten issues. Even though i have been mostly gluten free for over a year, she didn't agree that we should do a prolonged gluten challenge before testing. Instead, she wanted to test as soon as possible, and scheduled my endo 8 days into my gluten challenge (I should be grateful, as that 8 days were the sickest I can ever remember being).

Here were my symptoms for the 8 Day Gluten Challenge:

  • bloating
  • "soft poop" & cramps
  • stomach ache
  • flu-like muscle and joint stiffness
  • sore fingers
  • acne
  • itchy skin
  • fatigue/"brain fog"
  • nagging headache
  • Hunger

So, my bloodwork (drawn 7 days into the challenge) was normal (IgG=<.4, IgA=1.0, TTG=.4, EMA IgA=negative, total serum IGA= 222), and the biopsies (she took 5 from stomach and 4 from duodenum) were normal with the exception of "minimal inflammation consistent with a phase of acute erosive gastritis). No damaged villi found = NO CELIAC!

While I should be happy, I can't help feeling like this isn't accurate. I am a little angry at myself for not advocating more strongly for a longer gluten challenge than 8 days. I have read how hard it is to diagnose celiac disease under normal conditions, but after a year mostly gluten free, I have no confidence that 8 days was enough.

I know it shouldn't matter if I have a diagnosis or not, because given the way I felt for those 8 days, I will never knowingly ingest gluten again. However, I wanted a specific "label" on my symptoms, so I would have a response ready when well-meaning but clueless friends and family push gluten on me. ("Oh, you and your fad diet!" or "A little bit won't kill you." Umm...yes, yes it will.). Also, if I definitively DON"T have it, then I know i don't need to worry about contaminated fryers, lipsticks, etc. After all, I don't outwardly react from those things and if it's just a simple intolerance, then no harm done. But if I don't react outwardly, but do have celiac, then the potential from harm is much greater.

My next step might be a gene test from enterolabs, but I can't decide if it's worth the money. Pros: we would know if my son has the celiac gene, I would know that I have to be SUPER anal about gluten cross contamination, etc. Cons: Cost

Sorry for rambling. If you have any thoughts and opinions on my situation, i'd love to hear them. i guess my basic question now is: what next? How gluten intolerant am i, really?! What do I say to others who don't understand how I can get so sick from gluten but get a negative diagnosis? (See, it's all in your head).

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imo 8 days is no where near enough even for someone who has been gluten light. Its a very big possibility that your tests were false negatives.

Get the genetic test. Not only will it help you and your son, but also any close related family members (parents and siblings).

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Your son got his celiac genes from either you or his father. Since you have serious Celiac Disease symptoms that improve when gluten-free - my guess is they came from you.

Your intestine has most likely healed from your efforts which is very good news. That the brief gluten challenge was hell together with inflammation in the digestive track and a child with Celiac Disease is enough info to confirm you need to remain gluten free.

It is no one's business what necessitates the need for you to be gluten-free. Simply say you can never ingest gluten again. Doing so will cause numerous serious health problems.

Tighten up your gluten-free diet and I would guess the inflammation will continue to reverse and your health will continue to improve.

If you still find you need a diagnosis - do another challlenge down the road - minimum of 6 weeks.

I'd guess as your health improves it will become easier too simply state I need to be completely gluten-free and not worry about what others think. Also, as time passes family and friends will likely see improvements in you as well and will realize this is not a passing phase for you and your son - it is the only way to stay healthy.

Hang in there :)

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I think from your description that you most probably have celiac....and it's no one's business how you came to know that. Simply tell people that you have celiac. That's that. They don't need to know the particulars. The challenge wasn't long enough for positive tests, so you will need to accept that you have celiac but cannot definitely prove it; however, you know with quite a bit of certainty that that is exactly what you have. Who is going to challenge you on this?

As for the gene test, if it will give you peace of mind, then do it. However, since 30-40% of the population carries the genes, it doesn't prove much. However, again, if it makes you feel better in order to tell people you have celiac, then perhaps it would be a good idea down the road when you feel like spending the money.

After I figured out for myself that I had celiac (I had a classic case) at the age of 47 and adopted a gluten-free diet immediately, the gastro I was referred to apologized profusely after going through my extensive medical file. He said that if I had been referred to him 30 years before, he would have made a diagnose strictly based on the symptoms. It was too late for a blood test since I'd been gluten free for six months, but he said he was 99.9% positive I had it. I did have my son tested for celiac, and he tested positive. That was clearly enough evidence for me, and, without any qualms, I tell people that I have celiac. They also have witnessed how extremely ill I become if I accidentally ingest even the smallest amount of gluten. The medical means we currently have for testing for celiac aren't perfect, so, please, feel free to say that you have celiac. It harms no one...and will make others more careful when it comes to dining with you.

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