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Jefferson Adams posted an article in Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, Bone Density and Celiac DiseaseCeliac.com 12/24/2018 - People with celiac disease, including adults with subclinical celiac disease, have low bone mineral density (BMD), deteriorated bone microarchitecture and meta-analysis show an increased risk of fracture. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) against transglutaminase 2 (IgA TG2) is a highly reliable marker to detect celiac disease. A team of researchers recently set out to explore the prevalence of positive IgA TG2 and celiac disease in patients with distal radius and ankle fracture compared to community-based controls. For their study case-controlled study, the researchers enrolled our hundred patients aged 40 years or above with distal fractures. The team used the National Population Registry to identify about 197 control subjects who had never suffered a fracture. The team measured BMD, and noted any comorbidities, medications, physical activity, smoking habits, body mass index (BMI) and nutritional factors. Blood analysis to detect common causes of secondary osteoporosis was performed. They found that about 2.5% of the fracture patients had positive IgA TG2, compared to 1% in the control group. The odds ratio, adjusted for sex and age, of having positive IgA TG2 was 2.50 (95% CI 0.54–11.56). They found that patients with fractures had no significantly greater odds of celiac disease than control subjects. However, results do indicate that positive IgA TG2 is more common in fracture patients than in control subjects. This study does not point to any need for universal screening for celiac disease in fracture patients, but it does support the current clinical practice in Norway of looking for celiac disease in patients with fracture, osteoporosis and other risk factors for celiac disease. Read more at Tandfonline.com https://doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2018.1509122 The research team included Anja M. Hjelle, Ellen Apalset, Pawel Mielnik, Roy M. Nilsen, Knut E. A. Lundin & Grethe S. Tell. They are variously affiliated with the the Department of Rheumatology, Division of Medicine, District General Hospital of Førde, Førde, Norway; Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; the Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; the Bergen group of Epidemiology and Biomarkers in Rheumatic Disease (BeABird), Department of Rheumatology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway; the Department of Rheumatology, Division of Medicine, District General Hospital of Førde, Førde, Norway; the Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway; the Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway; KG Jebsen Coeliac Disease Research Centre, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; and the Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
Jefferson Adams posted an article in Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, Bone Density and Celiac DiseaseCeliac.com 05/01/2018 - Celiac disease is marked by a variety of intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms. One of the most common and best described expressions of celiac disease outside the gut is the presence of osteopenia and osteoporosis, which make for a higher fracture risk. A team of researchers recently set out to see if a gluten-free diet (GFD) improves bone mineralization. The research team included MB Zanchetta, AF Costa, V Longobardi, R Mazure, F Silveira, MP Temprano, H Vázquez, C Bogado, SI Niveloni, E Smecuol, ML Moreno, A González, E Mauriño, JR Zanchetta, and JC Bai. They are variously associated with the Instituto de Diagnóstico e Investigaciones Metabólicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Research Institute, Universidad del Salvador, Buenos Aires, Argentina; the Department of Medicine, Dr C. Bonorino Udaondo Gastroenterología Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina; and with Consejo de Investigaciones en Salud, Health Ministry, Buenos Aires City Government, Buenos Aires, Argentina. These researchers previously identified a significant deterioration of bone microarchitecture in premenopausal women with newly diagnosed celiac disease using high‐resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT). In that study, the team also compared 1‐year results with those of a control group of healthy premenopausal women of similar age and BMI in order to assess whether the micro-architectural parameters of treated celiac patients had reached the values expected for their age. While that study showed that a year on a gluten-free diet had improved most of the women’s bone parameters, it also showed that those parameters continued to be significantly lower than those of healthy control subjects. In a recent paper, the team describes the results of their study that offers data to show improvements bone mineralization microarchitecture in celiac patients after three years on a gluten-free diet. Source: Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Oct 6. pii: S1542-3565(17)31200-4. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2017.09.054.