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Carol Fenster, Ph.D. posted an article in Spring 2006 IssueCeliac.com 09/08/2018 - On a recent trip to Hawaii I was often attracted to a particular entrée on the menu of several restaurants. It went by many different names, but basically the dish was fish dredged in a mixture of spices and pulverized nuts to produce a chunky crust. Since Hawaii is the home of macadamia nuts, this popular nut was often used. I love fish and I’m very fond of macadamia nuts, so I was particularly enticed by this entrée but I was wary because I know that many chefs like to use panko (Japanese bread crumbs) and add flour to such mixtures even though it isn’t absolutely necessary and is often not mentioned in the entrée’s description on the menu. So, I found myself engaged in a very typical conversation with the waiter. It went something like this: Me: I’m wondering about the nut mixture used to coat the fish. Is there wheat flour or bread crumbs in it? Waiter: I don’t know, but I’ll check with the chef and let you know. Me to husband: I better choose another entrée just in case he/she comes back with bad news. Waiter: The chef says there is (flour or bread crumbs or both) mixed in with the nuts and spices. Sorry. Me: That’s fine. Thanks for checking on that for me. Instead, I’ll have the… After I returned from this otherwise fabulous trip, I vowed to create my version of this entrée so I could have it at home whenever I wanted. I will share it here with you, but first a little background on macadamia nuts. Macadamia Nuts Though expensive, macadamia nuts are a treat and Hawaii is well known for this delicious nut. If macadamia nuts are too expensive or not available in your area, you can use slivered almonds instead. Despite their sometimes “bad” reputation, nuts offer important nutrients and good, healthy fat. But the real reason I was attracted to this dish was the crunchy texture that is so important to me in my gluten-free diet. The best way to crush the macadamia nuts is to put them in a small coffee grinder or food processor and grind just until they reach a coarsely chopped stage. Don’t grind them any further or you might end up with “mush” instead of pulverized nuts. To prevent the nuts from sticking together, I grind them with a small amount of cornstarch. Some of you may never have traveled to Hawaii. Others, like me, may not get a chance to return to Hawaii for a long time but at least we can bring a little bit of the islands to our dinner table with this tempting dish. Macadamia-Crusted Snapper with Pineapple Salsa Ingredients: 4 fish fillets (red snapper, mahi mahi, or firm-flesh fillets--about 6 ounces each) 4 tablespoons olive oil, divided 1 teaspoon ground ginger 1 teaspoon ground coriander 1 teaspoon paprika, plus some for dusting 1 teaspoon salt ½ teaspoon freshly ground pepper 1 cup coarsely ground macadamia nuts or almonds (ground with ¼ cup cornstarch) Additional salt and pepper to taste Salsa Ingredients: 1 can (8 ounces) pineapple tidbits, drained ½ cup finely diced red bell pepper ½ cup chopped fresh cilantro ¼ cup finely diced red onion 1 tablespoon fresh lime juice 1 tablespoon rice vinegar 1 teaspoon olive oil 1 serrano chile pepper, seeded and finely diced ¼ teaspoon salt ¼ teaspoon sugar Directions: At least an hour before dinner, combine all of the salsa ingredients in a small serving bowl, cover, and let sit at room temperature. Preheat the oven to 400°F. Lightly grease a baking dish or sheet large enough to hold the fish fillets side by side and at least 2 inches apart. Use 1 tablespoon of the olive oil or you may line the pan with aluminum oil and lightly coat with cooking spray. Grind the nuts and cornstarch together. Evenly spread the nut mixture on a large dinner plate. Combine remaining 3 tablespoons of the oil, ginger, coriander, and paprika. Brush each filet with this mixture; sprinkle both sides with salt and pepper. Dredge each fillet in the nuts, pressing mixture on fish with your fingers to cover it evenly on both sides. Gently transfer fish to prepared baking dish. Sprinkle with a dusting of paprika. Bake fish fillets until they are cooked through and the nut crust is golden brown, anywhere from 10 to 15 minutes or more depending on the thickness of the fish. Season with additional salt and pepper to taste. Serve immediately with 1/3 cup of Pineapple Salsa per serving. Serves 4. You don’t have to save this nut crust for fish. It works great on chicken fillets, too. Plan ahead by grinding more nuts than you need then freezing the remainder. That way, it’s just a simple step to mix in the necessary spices or whatever else the recipe calls for.
Celiac.com 10/19/2010 - The plane soared above the vast, blue Pacific Ocean as the gorgeous state of Hawaii loomed beneath it. When we descended into our tropical destination of Maui, my stomach was a bundle of excited energy, with visions of walks along the beautiful sandy beaches and lounging poolside, soaking in the sun’s rays. My husband and I’d planned this trip for months—budgeted for the most cost effective airfare, researched affordable hotels, packed swimsuits and summer clothing for our family of five. Yet, as every person with celiac disease understands, traveling has its hidden dangers of gluten-contaminated food, restaurants that aren’t attuned to the needs of food intolerance sufferers, and the common question of: what am I going to eat when I’m away from my comfort zone, away from my home? Our adventure began in a resort on the Ka‘anapali Shores of Maui, as the sun was setting and a warm breeze rustled through the swaying palm trees. While my family mapped out their wish list of activities to embark on during our paradise vacation, I brainstormed what I’d eat in the land of sugar cane, flowered leis, and tropical fruits. As the warm sun rose each morning, I ate the breakfast bars I’d packed in my suitcase along with a cup of Hawaiian Kona coffee, which we purchased after arriving. For coffee lovers, I highly recommend it, www.konacoffee.com. Kona coffee was available at the hotel gift shop, grocery store, and sold as whole beans packaged at the local Starbucks. Although my diet for the week relied heavily on grilled chicken salads, fresh fruits, vegetables, and almonds, I also sampled local restaurants with my family. We were interested in venues that offered a children’s menu, had a welcoming and fun atmosphere, and were possibly places providing a chance for exploration and cultural experience. Cheeseburger in Paradise Anyone who’s ever listened to the song, “Cheeseburger in Paradise” by Jimmy Buffet, will understand my desire to eat at the restaurant. Maui’s Cheeseburger in Paradise is located on Front Street in beautiful Lahaina. The two story restaurant sits beside the water, as a cool breeze wafts through a windowless dining area, while patrons enjoy cocktails and their signature burgers and steak fries. When I spoke to the hostesses, dressed in festive grass skirts, I was informed that they did not have a gluten-free menu, but could accommodate gluten intolerant guests by serving burgers without buns and salads. Although I contemplated ordering one of the grilled salads, I ultimately decided upon the signature Cheeseburger in Paradise, minus the bun, and a basket of sweet potato fries. I might have been tempted to try the steak fries as well, but learned from my server that they are flavored with a seasoning salt containing gluten. It was a pleasant experience and my only wish was that I’d have brought a license plate to hang on the restaurant wall with others from across the country. If interested, check out their website at, www.cheeseburgerland.com. Old Lahaina Luau Also located on Front Street in Lahaina, Hawaii, this Luau is worth attending if only for the traditional Hawaiian Hula performance. The Old Lahaina Luau is a family affair located beside the ocean, providing a beautiful sunset view, as ceremony and tradition are celebrated following pre-dinner learning activities for both adults and children. Upon entering the Luau, girls are presented with a flower for their hair and everyone is given a fresh flower lei. Adults are offered the signature island alcoholic beverage, a Mai tai—it is up to the patron whether or not to accept it. Before attending the Luau we called in advance and requested a gluten-free menu. This gluten-free request was confirmed by my server when I arrived. Additionally, I was presented with a complete food ingredient list by him for the buffet. I would advise anyone with a gluten intolerance to request a gluten-free meal because while reading the ingredient list, I discovered most of the dishes contained soy sauce. As I joined my family in choosing fresh fruits, salad, and vegetables from the buffet line, my server placed a warm, freshly prepared gluten-free meal of grilled chicken breasts and steamed vegetables where I was seated. Overall, it was an amazing night and a wonderful time to experience a traditional Lu‘au while enjoying a delicious meal. For more information or to make a reservation: www.oldlahainaluau.com. Pacific Whale Foundation Lana‘i Snorkel and Dolphin Watch Eco-Adventure The non-profit Pacific Whale Foundation offers several eco-adventures for people wishing to experience the marine life of Hawaii. We chose to take the five hour Snorkel and Dolphin Cruise, which provided a continental breakfast, barbeque lunch, and refreshments. After departing from Lahaina Harbor, snorkel gear and flippers in hand, we sailed patiently through the choppy waters of the Pacific Ocean in search of dolphins. We weren’t disappointed when about an hour into our adventure we spotted several spinner dolphins spectacularly jumping out of the pristine blue water to entertain us. In preparation for this voyage, I called ahead to inquire about food offerings and was assured that a gluten-free meal would be provided to me. I came to find out, while on the cruise, that it was basically a standard meal for all passengers, in which I was to choose only the food that didn’t contain gluten. As I live with a family who normally consumes gluten, this picking and choosing was not uncommon to me. For breakfast, I sampled fresh pineapple and passed on the banana bread. For lunch, I ate barbecued chicken with lettuce and tomato. As a service to vegetarians, a veggie burger is provided upon request. I would certainly recommend this cruise for people that are interested in dolphin sightings or who want to be introduced to snorkeling. For those who have celiac disease, I’d also suggest bringing along some extra snacks. For more information, www.pacificwhale.org. Hard Rock Café Maui In an effort to introduce my children to the cultural likes of good old rock and roll, I suggested that we eat dinner at the Hard Rock Café, located in the Old Lahaina Center, of Maui. I was happy to find that a children’s menu was available, but slightly disappointed to learn that a gluten-free menu wasn’t. Our server, however, was more than helpful, willing to look at food ingredients in the computer for me and alert me to items containing gluten. Unfortunately, the nachos I’d been craving contained wheat, so I instead ordered a cheeseburger, minus the bun. It was my second cheeseburger of the week and I was truly unable eat a quarter of it because it was such a generous portion. The atmosphere was lively and loud, nothing less than what I’d expect from a Hard Rock Café. It was a fun night out and I was happy to leave with a Hard Rock Café Maui tee-shirt from the restaurant gift shop. If you’re looking for a quieter venue and are interested in seafood, there is a Bubba Gump Shrimp Company located directly across the street from the Hard Rock Café, providing shrimp and lots of Forrest Gump memorabilia. Hard Rock Café’s website is www.hardrock.com. Bubba Gump Shrimp’s website is www.bubbagump.com. Our vacation to Maui was primary restricted to the beautiful Ka‘anapali Shores and town of Lahaina, therefore I didn’t explore a lot of the island, nor did I locate any grocery stores providing a gluten-free selection. This is not to say that they don’t exist, rather, that I was not able to shop at one. I’d recommend travelers to take their own gluten-free snacks, as long as they are approved through the agricultural inspection. Hawaii is a state full of fresh produce, including savory pineapple, seafood, and sweet potatoes, which provide many healthful options for those with celiac disease. My family also enjoyed the thirst quenching and tasty shaved ice, www.ululanisshaveice.com, and the extremely delicious frozen treat, gelato, and its dairy-free counterpart, sorbetto, www.onogelatocompany.com. For the residents of Maui, I appreciate your understanding and willingness to accommodate my gluten intolerance. To you I say, “mahalo.”