No popular authors found.
Ads by Google:

Categories

No categories found.


Get Celiac.com's E-Newsletter





Ads by Google:


Follow / Share


  FOLLOW US:
Twitter Facebook Google Plus Pinterest RSS Podcast Email  Get Email Alerts
SHARE:

Popular Articles

No popular articles found.
Celiac.com Sponsors:

Breast Feeding and Celiac Disease

This article comes to us from Karoly Horvath, M.D., khorvath@POL.NET, who is one of the two directors of the celiac center at University of Maryland in Baltimore.

Breast milk contains antibodies against all the antigens the mothers immune system has met prior to or during the pregnancy and has produced antibodies to them.

This system is the wisdom of nature and this is the way that mothers milk protects babies from all the antigens (infectious agents, toxins etc.) occurring in the environment where the mother lives. These antigens without this protection may enter the body through the digestive or respiratory systems. The best example is that breast milk protects babies from bacteria causing diarrheas in the underdeveloped countries.

Ads by Google:

The antibodies are produced by the cells (plasma cells) localized in the gut and the lung. These cells are migrating to the lactating breast-tissue for hormonal trigger (enteromammal plasma cell circle) and they continue producing these antibodies in the breast. These antibodies appear in the breast milk. In brief, the breast milk may contain all the antibodies the mother has in her digestive and respiratory systems. The function of these antibodies is to block the entrance of antigens infectious agents, toxins, allergens etc) across the digestive or respiratory tract of babies.

In case of CD, it means that if the mother has circulating antibodies to gliadin, these antibodies appear in the milk. If the breast fed baby ingests gliadin (or the mother ingests accidentally and traces of gliadin appear in the milk) the antibodies in the milk blocks the gliadin and it will not able to cross the intestinal wall and meet with the babys immunosystem. Theoretically, the breast-fed infant do not have any immunoreaction to gliadin. If the mother accidentally ingests gliadin during breast feeding it is likely that the concentration of antigliadin antibodies become higher in the breast milk.

To answer the question: the antibodies in breast milk are protective and do not "trigger" celiac disease in genetically predisposed babies. There are several data showing that breast-feeding has a protective effect in case of celiac disease. Furthermore, it is well documented that breast-feeding in the first year of life decreases the risk of allergies by 50% in babies whose parents have allergies.

As far as the reaction after weaning concerned: it is also known that babies may have some reaction (loose stool or spit up or discomfort) transiently after introducing a new food, however, this is a temporary symptom and not allergy or immunoreaction to the food. It is likely that their digestive system should accommodate to the new foods.

Celiac.com welcomes your comments below (registration is NOT required).












Related Articles



Comments




Rate this article and leave a comment:
Rating: * Poor Excellent
Your Name *: Email (private) *:




In Celiac.com's Forum Now:


Oh my goodness the flat palms on the hands! l have a pic on my computer of this, l took a home TTG test and the company asked me to send to a pic of the result, l kept looking at the fat pads on the edges of my palms by the thumbs Nothing there, they start to look deflated and dehydrated sometim...

I'm sorry you are feeling so badly! Muscle and joint aches can be caused by a lot of different things - including vitamin D deficiency. I think most people (doctors included) don't think of celiac as the most likely diagnosis when your complaints are muscle. My point is sometimes you can't do ...

I suppose having short fingers, or one that's super short, could be a sign of stunted growth which could be a sign of Celiac, but I certainly have never heard of short pinkies as a sign of it. If you have short ones too it makes more sense to me that it's just a genetic trait, but who knows. I do...

I think you have 3 questions: 1. Why am I losing weight? 2. What is the cause of the anemia? 3. Do I have celiac? Since your symptoms are new and there is a high suspicion for celiac, you should have a repeated blood test for celiac with the full panel. Anti - TTG - IgA and Ig...

Personally I would do the blood test first. It's far cheaper and easier. You need to have the full celiac panel done... I'm sure someone else will pipe in exactly what that is. Even though you had part of the blood panel done years ago doesn't mean your results will be the same. And a complete pa...