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What is tropical sprue?*
In 1994 I was diagnosed with celiac disease, which led me to create Celiac.com in 1995. I created this site for a single purpose: To help as many people as possible with celiac disease get diagnosed so they can begin to live happy, healthy gluten-free lives. Celiac.com was the first site on the Internet dedicated solely to celiac disease. In 1998 I foundedÂ The Gluten-Free Mall, Your Special Diet Superstore!, and I am the co-author of the book Cereal Killers, and founder and publisher of Journal of Gluten Sensitivity.View all articles by Scott Adams
Tropical sprue is a disease which causes a food absorption problem, especially with fat. The high risk places for catching tropical sprue are Southeast Asia and South America, and it is not normally found in Africa. The cause is not fully understood, but may be due to a viral infection, and/or from dietary factors. The symptoms are diarrhea (pale large stools), a sore tongue, loss of appetite, and weight loss. In the latter stages of the disease, a patient may develop ostemalacia (softening of the bones), peripheral neutitis, edematous swelling of the extremities, and megaloblasiticAnemia can be corrected by intracenous transfusions if necessary, and iron can be administered if there are any signs of iron-deficiency anemia in addition to megaloblastic anemia. Tropical sprue must be distinguished from gluten sensitivity. It is said that the damage form tropical sprue does not get as severe as that of celiac disease, but it may be very hard to distinguish the two. Arasitic infestations also need to be considered in people who have problems upon returning from underdeveloped areas.
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- Suppose the biopsy or serum tests are inconclusive. What do you do?**
- Where can I get reliable laboratory tests done, including blood tests?*
- Are there any unique factors to be considered for children? (I've heard that the serology has a lower predictive value for children under age two, since IgA may be depressed, or with anyone who has a condition which depresses IgA.)**
- What is the treatment for celiac disease?