Do You Have Celiac Disease and Have Questions Or Need Help?
Join Celiac.com's forum / message board and get your questions answered! Our forum has nearly 1 MILLION POSTS, and over 62,000 MEMBERS just waiting to help you with any questions about celiac disease and the gluten-free diet. We'll see you there!
Follow / Share
|Get Email Alerts|
- Safe Gluten-Free Food List (Safe Ingredients)
- Unsafe Gluten-Free Food List (Unsafe Ingredients)
- Gluten-Free Alcoholic Beverages
- Celiac Disease Symptoms
- The Gluten-Free Diet 101 - A Beginner's Guide to Going Gluten-Free
- Interpretation of Celiac Disease Blood Test Results
- Is Buckwheat Flour Really Gluten-Free?
High Rates of Celiac Disease and Detection in Finland
Jefferson Adams is a freelance writer living in San Francisco. His poems, essays and photographs have appeared in Antioch Review, Blue Mesa Review, CALIBAN, Hayden's Ferry Review, Huffington Post, the Mississippi Review, and Slate among others.
He is a member of both the National Writers Union, the International Federation of Journalists, and covers San Francisco Health News for Examiner.com.View all articles by Jefferson Adams
Celiac.com 07/31/2009 - Worldwide, most people with celiac disease remain undiagnosed and untreated, oblivious to their increased risk of mortality, and of developing certain cancers and other celiac-related conditions.
Finland has set out to achieve high detection rate by training health personnel, and advocating blood tests for people known to be at risk for developing celiac disease.
A team of researchers recently set out to determine whether this approach has been clinically effective in practice. The research team was made up of Lauri J. Virta, Katri Kaukinen & Pekka Collin.
Since 2002, Finland's Social Insurance Institution had paid monthly compensation to people with newly diagnosed celiac disease for the additional cost of maintaining a gluten-free diet. To receive this compensation, people must submit proof of diagnosis, including biopsy findings, along with diagnostic criteria, in a statement from a physician. That information is kept in a national database. The researchers used the database to calculate incidence and prevalence rates of celiac disease through 2006.
From the database, they selected from a total population aged 16 years or older of 4.31 million, to identify a total of 5020 persons (64% female) who received a new dietary grant in 2004-06. Altogether, 23,553 persons received the dietary grant. Thus, the mean annual incidence of proven celiac disease to be 39 per 100,000 individuals.
This puts the national prevalence of adult celiac disease in Finland at 0.55% (0.70% F, 0.38% M). The results varied by region from 33 to 49 per 100,000 in annual incidence, and from 0.41% to 0.72% in the prevalence rates.
It seems these figures for proven celiac disease in Finland are the highest yet charted. Nevertheless, many celiac disease cases remain undetected, as the true prevalence in Finnish adults is about 1.5-2.0%. Increased alertness to the condition and active case finding has made this efficient diagnostics possible.
Interestingly, people aged 65 to 74 years showed the highest prevalence; in females prevalence peaked at 1.10% (95% Cl: 0.98-1.23) at the age of 68 years and in males, 0.77% (95% CI: 0.67-0.89), also at 68 years. Also, earlier findings have shown that 10-15% of cases will be detected because of atypical symptoms or associated conditions.
Celiac.com welcomes your comments below (registration is NOT required).
Can Head Trauma Trigger Celiac Disease?
There is evidence that certain types of gut trauma can trigger celiac disease, but almost nothing is know about whether traumatic brain injury might trigger a neurological form of celiac disease in some individuals.... [READ MORE]
Anti-Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Antibodies Common in People with Celiac Disease
In a study published recently
in the Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, researchers found that
celiac patients commonly have high rates of anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae
antibodies (ASCA).... [READ MORE]
Children with Celiac Disease Show Significant Increase in Mortality
A recent study published in
the American Journal of Gastroenterology suggests that individuals afflicted
with celiac disease in childhood suffer long-term mortality rates that
are three times higher than those of the general population
The study set out to determine the most common celiac
symptoms faced by clinicians, and to determine how effective an active
case-finding strategy might be in raising the levels of diagnosis.... [READ MORE]
Celiac Disease and Mineralization Disturbances of Permanent Teeth
Rasmusson CG, Eriksson MA.... [READ MORE]