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    Graham Crackers #2 (Gluten-Free)


    Scott Adams

    Ingredients:
    ½ cup teff flour (dark or ivory)
    ½ cup sorghum flour
    ½ cup tapioca flour
    ½ cup cornstarch
    ½ cup almond or pecan meal
    ½ teaspoon xanthan gum
    1 ½ teaspoons salt
    1 ½ tablespoons baking powder
    1 teaspoon cinnamon
    ¾ cup (1½ sticks) butter or margarine
    ¼ cup honey
    1 cup brown sugar
    1 tsp. vanilla
    1-2 tablespoons water if needed


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    Directions:
    Preheat oven to 325F. Grease two 12" x 15 1/2" baking sheets. In a medium bowl, whisk together the teff, sorghum, tapioca and cornstarch flours, almond meal, xanthan gum, salt, baking powder, and cinnamon. In a separate mixing bowl, beat together the butter, honey, brown sugar, and vanilla. Add in the dry ingredients and mix by hand. This should form a soft dough ball that will handle easily. (You probably will not need the water, but add small amounts if necessary.

    Divide the dough into 2 balls. Place each ball on a cookie sheet and over with plastic wrap; roll it out until it covers the sheet and is about 1/8 inch thick, like pastry dough. Cut with a pastry wheel into 3" squares. Prick each square with a fork 5 times. Bake for about 25 minutes using  one pan at a time.

    This recipe makes about 5 dozen crackers. Even though you cut these before you bake them they bake together so I use a knife and cut again as soon as I take them out of the oven. Try to use two identical cookie sheets or jelly roll pans, or bake them one at a time - I found that my dark colored pan cooked it too fast.

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    Guest Adrianne

    Posted

    These turned out well! I used kasha flour (ground it in my food processor) instead of teff flour. The taste is nutty and the texture is crispy. I questioned the salt as I was putting it in. It seemed like a lot. Well, it is. I love salt but this was way too much - I even decreased it slightly. I think 1/2 tsp. would be plenty. I think they'll be okay for s'mores but I'm not sure. They're way too salty just to eat by themselves.

    I substituted agave for the honey but then saw that I it called for brown sugar. I was trying to go sugar free but I figured I better stick with the recipe for the first try. I will decrease the sugar in my next batch for sure. I don't think it needs the sweetness though I think it contributes to the stick-together-ness, so maybe not decrease too much.

    I used stone bakeware which I think probably helped with the crispiness.

    BTW- kasha is toasted buckwheat groats.

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    Sources:
    1. Toft M, Dietrichs E. Aggravated stuttering following subthalamic deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease--two cases. BMC Neurol. 2011 Apr 8;11:44.
    2. Tani T, Sakai Y. Stuttering after right cerebellar infarction: a case study. J Fluency Disord. 2010 Jun;35(2):141-5. Epub 2010 Mar 15.
    3. Lundgren K, Helm-Estabrooks N, Klein R. Stuttering Following Acquired Brain Damage: A Review of the Literature. J Neurolinguistics. 2010 Sep 1;23(5):447-454.
    4. Jäncke L, Hänggi J, Steinmetz H. Morphological brain differences between adult stutterers and non-stutterers. BMC Neurol. 2004 Dec 10;4(1):23.
    5. Kell CA, Neumann K, von Kriegstein K, Posenenske C, von Gudenberg AW, Euler H, Giraud AL. How the brain repairs stuttering. Brain. 2009 Oct;132(Pt 10):2747-60. Epub 2009 Aug 26.
    6. Galantucci S, Tartaglia MC, Wilson SM, Henry ML, Filippi M, Agosta F, Dronkers NF, Henry RG, Ogar JM, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML. White matter damage in primary progressive aphasias: a diffusion tensor tractography study. Brain. 2011 Jun 11.
    7. Lundgren K, Helm-Estabrooks N, Klein R. Stuttering Following Acquired Brain Damage: A Review of the Literature. J Neurolinguistics. 2010 Sep 1;23(5):447-454.
    8. [No authors listed] Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Weekly clinicopathological exercises. Case 43-1988. A 52-year-old man with persistent watery diarrhea and aphasia. N Engl J Med. 1988 Oct 27;319(17):1139-48
    9. Molteni N, Bardella MT, Baldassarri AR, Bianchi PA. Celiac disease associated with epilepsy and intracranial calcifications: report of two patients. Am J Gastroenterol. 1988 Sep;83(9):992-4.
    10. http://ezinearticles.com/?Food-Allergy-and-Stuttering-Link&id=1235725 
    11. http://www.craig.copperleife.com/health/stuttering_allergies.htm 
    12. https://www.celiac.com/forums/topic/73362-any-help-is-appreciated/
    13. Ford RP. The gluten syndrome: a neurological disease. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Sep;73(3):438-40. Epub 2009 Apr 29.
    14. Hadjivassiliou M, Gibson A, Davies-Jones GA, Lobo AJ, Stephenson TJ, Milford-Ward A. Does cryptic gluten sensitivity play a part in neurological illness? Lancet. 1996 Feb 10;347(8998):369-71.

    Jefferson Adams
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